UNIVERSITY OSLO

The Centre for
Earth Evolution and Dynamics
 
Adriano
Mazzini
 
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Floating University


Class@Baikal



HOTMUD PROJECT

HOTMUD

adrianom@geo.uio.no



ADRIANO MAZZINI

NEWS 2020


February 2020. New article investigating the ongoing reactions below the largest active mud eruption on Earth – Lusi - located in north-east Java (Indonesia). Results reveal that hydrocarbon generation is occurring ~4.5 km below Lusi and that this is largely driven by the recent magmatism (read more).

Zaputlyaeva, A., Mazzini, A., Blumenberg, M., Scheeder, G., Kürschner, W. M., Kus, J., Jones, M. T., and Frieling, J., 2020, Recent magmatism drives hydrocarbon generation in north-east Java, Indonesia: Scientific Reports, v. 10, no. 1, p. 1786. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-58567-6




NEWS 2019


December 2019-January 2020:
Expedition in Antarctica. The Seneca project "SourcE and impact of greeNhousE gasses in  in the Dry Valleys of Antarctica". Completed geochemical and geochemical surveys in the Taylor Valley. See more in:
https://www.facebook.com/pg/seneca.pnra35ima/posts/


August 2019.
New article describing the finding of large-scale concentric structures in the Egyptian Western Desert. The results of a multidisciplinary study are consistent with a scenario envisaging a diffused and vigorous hydrothermal venting in this part of the Desert.
Mazzini, A., Lupi, M., Sciarra, A., Hammed, M., Schmidt, S. T., and Suessenberger, A., 2019, Concentric Structures and Hydrothermal Venting in the Western Desert, Egypt: Frontiers in Earth Science, v. 7, no. 266.
https://doi.org/10.3389/feart.2019.00266


September 2019:
Summer school in Azerbaijan on "Mud volcanism and petroleum systems" including with seminars and field excursions and exercises visiting mud volcanoes and petroleum systems outcrops.


August 2019. New article documenting the presence of gas in the bottoms sediments of the Sea of Galilee analyzing a set of geophysical data acquired during the last 30 years.  This study reveals that in some areas of the lake exist changes over time in the spatial extent of gas present in the sediments. Hypotheses and mechanisms are explored to explain the periodic release of gas in the water column:

Lazar, M., Gasperini, L., Polonia, A., Lupi, M., and Mazzini, A., 2019, Constraints on gas release from shallow lake sediments—a case study from the Sea of Galilee: Geo-Marine Letters. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00367-019-00588-w


July 2019. New article reveals that hydrocarbon reservoirs in NE Java, Indonesia, are connected through a system of faults to the neighbouring Arjuno-Welirang volcanic complex. Zaputlyaeva, A., Mazzini, A., Caracausi, A., and Sciarra, A., Mantle-Derived Fluids in the East Java Sedimentary Basin, Indonesia: Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, https://doi.org/10.1029/2018JB017274.


June-July 2019. TTR-BL-19 cruise in Lake Baikal focusing on seafloor sampling and acoustic investigations of gas seeps, flares, mud volcanoes, slumps and debris flows, canyons and channels in the coastal proximity (see more here).


April 2019:
EGU General Assembly 2019, Vienna, Austria.
Chairman of the session: From hydrothermal systems to mud volcanoes: structure, evolution and monitoring of active and fossile piercements  (GMPV3.4/BG4.6). Presentation of data on 10 abstracts.


April 2019:
New
review article on "Sediment-hosted geothermal systems" (SHGS). The manuscript is of particular relevance because provides the definition and the parameters used to distinguish the Sediment-hosted geothermal systems. These hybird systems are often (wrongly) confused with either hydrothermal or sedimentary features. Based on statistical analyses, this review provides a global mapping of potential SHGS prone areas. The extended activity of SHGS is considered  as one of the potential driver for the climate crises occurring on our planet:
Procesi, M., Ciotoli, G., Mazzini, A. and Etiope, G., 2019. Sediment-hosted geothermal systems: Review and first global mapping. Earth-Science Reviews, 192: 529-544. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.earscirev.2019.03.020

March 2019: New article review on Marine Transform Faults and Fracture Zones:
Hensen, C., Duarte, J. C., Vannucchi, P., Mazzini, A., Lever, M. A., Terrinha, P., Géli, L., Henry, P., Villinger, H., Morgan, J., Schmidt, M., Gutscher, M.-A., Bartolome, R., Tomonaga, Y., Polonia, A., Gràcia, E., Tinivella, U., Lupi, M., Çağatay, M. N., Elvert, M., Sakellariou, D., Matias, L., Kipfer, R., Karageorgis, A. P., Ruffine, L., Liebetrau, V., Pierre, C., Schmidt, C., Batista, L., Gasperini, L., Burwicz, E., Neres, M., and Nuzzo, M., 2019, Marine Transform Faults and Fracture Zones: A Joint Perspective Integrating Seismicity, Fluid Flow and Life: Frontiers in Earth Science, v. 7, no. 39. https://doi.org/10.3389/feart.2019.00039

January 2019:
New article describing the discovery of a new mud volcano field in Lake Baikal as well as a new mechanism to trigger shallow rooted sedimentary volcanism:

Khlystov, O. M., Poort, J., Mazzini, A., Akhmanov, G.G., Minami, H., Hachikubo, A., Khabuev, A.V., Kazakov, A.V., De Batist, M., Naudts, L., Chensky, A.G., Vorobeva, S.S., 2019, Shallow-rooted mud volcanism in Lake Baikal: Marine and Petroleum Geology, v. 102, p. 580-589. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpetgeo.2019.01.005



Hensen, C., Duarte, J. C., Vannucchi, P., Mazzini, A., Lever, M. A., Terrinha, P., Géli, L., Henry, P., Villinger, H., Morgan, J., Schmidt, M., Gutscher, M.-A., Bartolome, R., Tomonaga, Y., Polonia, A., Gràcia, E., Tinivella, U., Lupi, M., Çağatay, M. N., Elvert, M., Sakellariou, D., Matias, L., Kipfer, R., Karageorgis, A. P., Ruffine, L., Liebetrau, V., Pierre, C., Schmidt, C., Batista, L., Gasperini, L., Burwicz, E., Neres, M., and Nuzzo, M., 2019, Marine Transform Faults and Fracture Zones: A Joint Perspective Integrating Seismicity, Fluid Flow and Life: Frontiers in Earth Science, v. 7, no. 39. https://doi.org/10.3389/feart.2019.00039


January 2019: Winner of the NRF-INTPART project "From hydrothermal systems to mud volcanoes: Planet-scale impacts of piercements in sedimentary basins" (HOTMUT)


January 2019: New article describing geochemical investigations at the Nirano Mud Volcano, Italy, characterizing the type of fluids and constraining the degassing budget:
Sciarra, A., Cantucci, B., Ricci, T., Tomonaga, Y., and Mazzini, A., 2019, Geochemical characterization of the Nirano mud volcano, Italy: Applied Geochemistry, v. 102, p. 77-87. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apgeochem.2019.01.006



NEWS 2018


Ocober 2018: New article describing newly discovered enhanced hydrothermal processes (Hydrothermal Waves) at the Lusi eruption site:

      Lupi, M., Mazzini, A., Sciarra, A., Collignon, M., Schmid, D. W., Husein, A., Romeo, G., Obermann, A., and Karyono, K., 2018, Enhanced hydrothermal processes at the new-born Lusi eruptive system, Indonesia: Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, v. 366, p. 47-57.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2018.09.006


September 2018: Fieldwork at the Lusi eruption site. Completion of ERT survey in the region and sampling of erupted fluids.


August 2018: Summer school in Azerbaijan on "Mud volcanism and petroleum systems" including with seminars and field excursions and exercises visiting mud volcanoes and petroleum systems outcrops.


June-July 2018. TTR-BL-18 cruise in Lake Baikal focusing on seafloor sampling and acoustic investigations of gas seeps, flares, mud volcanoes, slumps and debris flows, canyons and channels in the coastal proximity.