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Curriculum Vitae

Albrecht Hofheinz

Development, Teaching, DTP, Field, Services | Honors, Education, Languages | Writings, Presentations, Outreach, Photography

Contact me

Current position

Associate Professor, University of Oslo, Department of Culture Studies and Oriental Languages

Professional Experience

International Cooperation and Development

Academic Researcher, Special Research Project "MENAVISION 2010: Entwicklungsdimensionen Nordafrika/Nah- und Mittelost", Teilprojekt 1: "Antiamerikanismus in Nordafrika/Nah- und Mittelost: Formen, Dimensionen und Folgen für Europa/Deutschland"; and Teilprojekt 4: Veränderung der Wertehorizonte nahöstlicher Gesellschaften, German Institute for Middle East Studies, Hamburg, with the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation, 2003.

Researched and wrote reports on (1) the roots, current manifestations, and future prospects of anti-American sentiments and policies in the Sudan; (2) the role of Internet and cassette tapes as forums for social debate and as instruments of mass mobilization in the Middle East and North Africa.

External Expert, Norwegian Directorate of Immigration, 2002.

Expert consultancy on Yemen and the Sudan.

Academic Researcher, Research Project "Islamic and other private foundations in the Arab region". German Institute for Middle East Studies, Hamburg, with the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation, 2002.

Researched and wrote the report on foundations in the Sudan: overview; institutional and social basis; social and political orientation; organization, financing, aims and activities; evaluation of possibilities for German development cooperation.

Consultant, Deutsche Gesellschaft für Technische Zusammenarbeit (GTZ / German Technical Cooperation Agency), Crisis Prevention and Conflict Transformation Programme, Yemen, 2002.

In cooperation with Responding To Conflict (RTC), Birmingham. Analysis of peace and conflict potential in Mareb and al-Dhalec provinces, portfolio analysis of German development cooperation, recommendations for possible expansion of German development cooperation.

Head, Social Monitoring Unit (SMU), South Darfur Resettlement Scheme, Sudan, 2001.

On assignment from the German Development Service (DED), in coordination with Oxfam-GB and Save the Children (UK). Developed terms of reference and set up the institutional, organizational, and physical structures for monitoring the largest resettlement project for internally displaced persons (IDP) ever undertaken in the Sudan. Contributed to a general IDP strategy.

Consultant, United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR), 2001.

Occupied Palestinian Territories. Final evaluation to assess the work of the OHCHR field office in the Palestinian territories (1996-2001) and to make recommendations for drafting a new Project Document.

Delegate, International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC), 1997-99.

Palestinian Autonomous Territories, Uganda, Sudan. Visited detainees and prisoners of war. Headed ICRC Tracing Agency in the Sudan. Analyzed policy and prepared ICRC interventions. Hired & trained staff and volunteers. Coordinated activities for the protection of the civilian population with UN organizations, national and international NGOs. Managed computerized Sudan Tracing database.

External expert, The Carter Center, 1994.

Member of a group of academic experts briefing the Carter Center on the situation in the Sudan, Boston, 20 April 1994.


Associate Professor, University of Oslo, Department of Culture Studies and Oriental Languages, 2004-.

Ph.D. and M.A. supervision

ARA1110 Arabic 1 (team-taught)

ARA1120 Arabic 2 (team-taught)

ARA2110 Arabic 3+4 (team-taught)

ARA3110 Arabic 5

ARA3120 Arabic 6

ARA4118 Arabic Manuscripts

ARA4505 Arabic Cyberspace

EXFAC03-MESA - Exfac for Midtøsten- og Sørasia-studier

MES4010 Readings in Middle East Studies

MES4110 Readings of Middle Eastern Texts

MES4210 Topics in Arabic Studies Ⅰ

MES4220 Topics in Arabic Studies Ⅱ

MES4590 Master Thesis in Middle East Studies

MØNA1505 - Midtøstens moderne historie

External examiner, University of Tromsø, Master of Philosophy in Peace and Conflict Transformation Studies, 2009.

External examiner, University of Bergen, Department of Archaeology, History, Cultural Studies and Religion (AHKR), 2009-.

Consultant,, 2000-2002.

Adjunct Professor, Free University of Berlin, Institute of Islamic Studies, 2000.

"Muslims in cyberspace -- the Internet in the Muslim world". Lecture and discussion with graded papers. See this article about the course.

Teaching Assistant, University of Bergen, Dept. of History & Section for Middle Eastern Languages and Cultures, 1993-96.

Lectured on history and anthropology as well as on Iran in a team-taught course on "Religion and Society in the Middle East" (1993). Taught an introductory course on the use of computers in Arabic and Islamic studies (1994). Taught Arabic at second year level (1995). Assisted in supervising B.A. and M.A. theses (1993-96).

Visiting instructor. Expert seminars on Islam and Muslims in several Berlin high schools in the aftermath of the Second Gulf War and the Sep. 2001 terrorist attacks in the USA, 1991 & 2001.

Editorial and Software Consultancies / Desktop Publishing (DTP)

Editorial Consultant & DTP, Arabic Literature of Africa, vol. i -. Leiden: Brill, 1994-2003.

Consultant, database-design, Handlist of manuscripts in the Nigerian National Archives of Kaduna, London: Al-Furqan, 1995.

DTP, Bernd Radtke, Weltgeschichte und Weltbeschreibung im mittelalterlichen Islam, Beirut/Stuttgart: Steiner, 1992.

DTP, Olaf Köndgen, Das islamisierte Strafrecht des Sudan, Hamburg: Deutsches Orient-Institut, 1992.

Chief Editor of Arabic Minutes and Proceedings, XIII. International Congress of Supreme Audit Institutions, Berlin (Germany), 1989.

Founder and owner of the international electronic mailing list SudanList, 1993-94.

Field experience

Sudan: field work on social media use, 2015.

Tunisia: Tunis Exchange, 2013.

Egypt: field work on Internet use, 2002, 2011, 2012, 2016.

Mali: Timbuktu Manuscripts Project, 2000, 2008.

Morocco: field work on Internet use, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005.

Yemen: GTZ, 2002.

Sudan: field work on Internet use and on Islamic foundations, 2002.

Sudan: DED, 2001.

Palestine (Gaza / West Bank): OHCHR, 2001.

Sudan: ICRC, 1997-99.

Palestine (Gaza / West Bank): ICRC, 1997.

Sudan: oral history of a Sudanese 'religious clan', 1986-88.

Egypt: Arabic language and literature; popular culture; Sufi brotherhoods, 1981-83.

Extended travels in Algeria, Tunisia, Lebanon, Oman, the United Arab Emirates, Turkey, Zanzibar, and the Comoros, 1976-99.

Professional Affiliations

Deutsche Arbeitsgemeinschaft Vorderer Orient (German Middle East Studies Association for Contemporary Research and Documentation) (1999-)

Nordic Society for Middle Eastern Studies (2013-)

Middle East Studies Association of North America (MESA) (1996-2015)

Advisory Board, Asiatische Studien / Études Asiatiques, Berlin: de Gruyter.

Editorial Board, Journal of Sufi Studies, Leiden: Brill.

Editorial Board, Encyclopaedia of Islamic Mysticism, Leiden: Brill

Consultative Committee, Institute for the Study of Islamic Thought in Africa, 2000-2004 (ISITA), Program of African Studies, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL (see also here)

Commission Scientifique & Commission d'Archivage Electronique, Timbuktu Manuscripts Project (see the report for the Junta de Andalucía: "Los manuscritos andalusíes de la familia Kati en Tombuctú (Mali))"

Commission Scientifique, Journal de la Fundación Mahmud Kati

Forskning på religion og modernitet (FROM), University of Oslo, 2007-8.


Member of the Department Board, Dept. of Culture Studies and Oriental Languages, University of Oslo, 2017-2020.

Coordinator (fagansvarlig / studierettningsansvarlig) for Arabic, Dept. of Culture Studies and Oriental Languages, University of Oslo, 2005-2008, 2011-2015.

Norwegian Association of Higher Education Institutions, Nasjonalt fagråd for afrikanske og asiatiske fag, Karakterpanel arabisk 2010.

Research committee (forskningsutvalg), Dept. of Culture Studies and Oriental Languages, University of Oslo, 2009-2012.

Idea group on research (idégruppe forskning), Dept. of Culture Studies and Oriental Languages, University of Oslo, 2005-2006.

Advisory Committee, 7th International Sudan Studies Conference, Bergen, 6-8 April 2006.

Convenor, Seminar on "Women in Islamic Movements", Dept. of Culture Studies and Oriental Languages, University of Oslo, 4 April 2006.

• Robert S. Kramer (St. Norbert College, De Pere, WI): "Women and War in an Islamic Movement"
• Hoda Salah (University of Frankfurt): "The Political Participation of Female Islamic Activists in Egyptian Civil Society"

Peer reviewer, New Media & Society.

Expert reviewer, Institute for Advanced Study, Berlin.

Expert reviewer, The Norway-America Association.

Expert reviewer, The MacArthur Foundation.


Centre for Modern Oriental Studies / Zentrum Moderner Orient, Berlin: Fellow, 2001-2004.

Research project: Digitaler Dschihad - virtuelle Demokratie - Cyber-Vernetzungen in der arabisch-islamischen Welt / Digital Jihad - Virtual Democracy - Cyber-Dynamics in the Arab-Islamic World

Nahost-Gesprächskreis (Middle East Discussion Group), Stiftung Wissenschaft und Politik / German Institute for International and Security Affairs, Berlin, 2000-2004.

Institute for Advanced Study Berlin: Fellow, 1999-2000.

German-American Academic Council Summer Institute "The Islamic World and Modernity", 1997-98.

Institute for Advanced Study Berlin & Social Science Research Council (elected),

Institute for Advanced Study Berlin: Fellow elect, 1997-98.

Malcolm H. Kerr Dissertation Award in the Humanities, 1997: Honorable Mention.

Middle East Studies Association of North America.

Research Council of Norway: postgraduate research fellowship, 1994-95.

Council of Europe Higher Education Scholarship, 1993-94.

Lutheran Foundation for Advanced Studies: Ph.D. scholarship, 1989-92.

Third Dissertation Workshop of the Committee on the Comparative Study of Muslim Societies, 1988.

held in Istanbul by the Social Science Research Council, New York.

German Academic Exchange Service: scholarship for field research in the Sudan, 1986-88.

Egyptian Ministry of Higher Education: scholarship to study Arabic in Cairo, 1981-83.

German Academic Exchange Service: scholarship to study Arabic in Tunis, 1981.

Scheffelpreis (award in German Literature). Award for best overall achievement in class, 1977.


dr. philos., University of Bergen (Norway), Department of History / Centre for Middle Eastern and Islamic Studies, 1996.

Dissertation: Internalising Islam: Shaykh Muhammad Majdhub, scriptural Islam, and local context in the early nineteenth-century Sudan. Analyzes work & impact of a Muslim 'inner missionary' who promoted the understanding and internalization of norms stemming from the Islamic learned tradition among 'uneducated' semi-urban people and thereby helped to expand Islam's internal boundaries. Assessment committee: R.S. O'Fahey, Joseph van Ess, John O. Voll.

Free University of Berlin (Germany), 1983-86.

Islamic Studies with particular emphasis on"The Modern Middle East" (major); Arabic Language and Literature; German Literature and Linguistics.

American University in Cairo (Egypt), 1981-83.

Arabic Literature (major).

Diplôme 3e année in Arabic, Institut Bourguiba des Langues Vivantes, University of Tunis, 1981.

Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität (Bonn, Germany), 1978-81.

Islamic Studies Arabic/Persian (major); Arabic Language and Literature; German Literature; Comparative Religion; Islamic Art History.

DNT Sommerturlederkurs (Norwegian Trekking Association summer tour guide), Aug. 2018.

Masterveiledning – V2018 (course in Master student supervision), University of Oslo, Jan.-June 2018.

Digital Methods Summer School, University of Amsterdam, June-July 2012.

Arabic Manuscript Studies: An Introduction, Workshop held by Adam Gacek, Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin, March 2012.

al-Dawra al-Tamhīdiyya ḥawla kōdikōlōǧiyā al-makhṭūṭ al-islāmī (Introduction to Islamic codicology), workshop held by Ayman Fuʾād Sayyid for the Islamic Manuscript Association, al-Azhar University, Cairo, Feb. 2012.

DNT Vinterkurs «Sikkert ut—sikkert hjem» (Norwegian Trekking Association winter tour course), Fondsbu & Olavsbu, Norway, March 2010.

Human Rights of Internally Displaced Persons in Sudan training, Khartoum, Sudan, May 1999.

African Tracing workshop, International Committee of the Red Cross, Machakos, Kenya, Dec. 1998.





Arabic (modern standard, classical, Egyptian, Sudanese, and Palestinian colloquial), English, French, Norwegian: read, write, speak and understand fluently


Danish, Swedish, Italian, Persian, Portuguese, Spanish; Latin, Classical Greek

Assessment reports

"Broken Walls: Challenges to patriarchal authority in the eyes of Sudanese social media actors". Report & Policy Brief, The New Middle East, Oslo, Aug. 2016.

"Withdrawal from Taḥrīr? Voices from the social media on the fate of the revolution, the wall of fear, and the role of individual actors in post-coup Egypt”. Report & Policy Brief, The New Middle East, Oslo, Mar. 2015.

#WhyIHateIkhwan. Islamist-secular polarisation in Egyptian social media”. Report & Policy Brief, The New Middle East, Oslo, Mar. 2014.

Social Media in the ‘Arab Spring’ - the example of Egypt”. Report & Policy Brief, The New Middle East, Oslo, Oct. 2012.

"Medien als Forum und Mobilisierungsinstrument für gesellschaftliche Debatten in Nordafrika, Nah- und Mittelost: Internet und Hörkassetten -- Moderne und klassische Variante der Ideenverbreitung". German Institute for Middle East Studies, Hamburg, Dec. 2003.

"Antiamerikanismus im Sudan". German Institute for Middle East Studies, Hamburg, March 2003.

"Islamische Stiftungen und wohltätige Einrichtungen mit entwicklungspolitischer Zielsetzung im Sudan". German Institute for Middle East Studies, Hamburg, Feb. 2003.

"Analysis of Peace and Conflict Potential in Yemen", April 2002 (with Marwan Darweish/Responding to Conflict).

"Ziviler Friedensdienst (ZFD), Nyala, South Darfur Resettlement Scheme", 30 March 2001.

"Income Generating Activities in the South Darfur Resettlement Scheme: Future Plans", 30 March 2001.

"Report of the Project Evaluation Mission on the OHCHR Technical Cooperation Project with the Palestinian National Authority", Gaza and the West Bank, 4-11 January 2001 (with Hilda Tchoboian).

"ICRC Report on the Humanitarian Consequences of the Israeli Policy of Closure of the Occupied Territories". July 1997.


“Rex Seán O’Fahey (1943-2019)”. Sudan & Nubia 23 (2019), p. 212-214 (obituary); online version published by the Institute for the Study of Islamic Thought in Africa, Northwestern University, IL.

Rāqī bi-akhlāqī. The Moral Turn: From Sufi Sheikhs to Facebook Groups?Adab and Modernity: A “Civilizational Process”? (Sixteenth–Twenty-First Centuries), ed. Catherine Mayeur-Jaouen, Leiden: Brill, 2019 (= Islamic Literatures: Texts and Studies; 3), p. 620-650.

The Islamic Eighteenth Century: A View from the Edge”. Islam in der Moderne, Moderne im Islam. Eine Festschrift für Reinhard Schulze zum 65. Geburtstag, ed. Florian Zemmin, Johannes Stephan & Monica Corrado, Leiden: Brill, 2018 (= Social, Economic and Political Studies of the Middle East and Asia; 119), p. 234-253.

Arrays of Egyptian and Tunisian Everyday Worlds: An Update on the project In 2016—How it felt to live in the Arab World five years after the ‘Arab Spring’”, ed. Stephan Guth, Elena Chiti, and Albrecht Hofheinz. Special issue, Journal of Arabic and Islamic Studies 17 (2017), p. 455-508.

“Introduction: From ‘Issues’ to ‘Arrays’” (with Stephan Guth). Arrays of Egyptian and Tunisian Everyday Worlds: An Update on the project In 2016—How it felt to live in the Arab World five years after the ‘Arab Spring’”, ed. Stephan Guth, Elena Chiti, and Albrecht Hofheinz. Special issue, Journal of Arabic and Islamic Studies 17 (2017), p. 457-462.

“Baby Milk”. Arrays of Egyptian and Tunisian Everyday Worlds: An Update on the project In 2016-How it felt to live in the Arab World five years after the "Arab Spring"”, ed. Stephan Guth, Elena Chiti, and Albrecht Hofheinz. Special issue, Journal of Arabic and Islamic Studies 17 (2017), p. 466-469.

Broken Walls: Challenges to Patriarchal Authority in the Eyes of Sudanese Social Media Actors”. Die Welt des Islams 57 (2017), p. 278-302.

#Sisi_vs_Youth: Who Has a Voice in Egypt?” Journal of Arabic and Islamic Studies 16 (2016), p. 327-348.

Soziale Medien im Arabischen Frühling”. Der arabische Frühling: Hintergründe und Analysen, ed. Thorsten Gerald Schneiders, Wiesbaden: Springer VS, 2013, p. 117-125 (pre-print version).

"Nextopia? Beyond Revolution 2.0". Simultaneously published in Oriente Moderno, N.S. 91 (2011), p. 23-39, and in International Journal of Communication, vol. 5 (2011), feature on "The Arab Spring", p. 1417-1434.

"The elusive quest for revolution: What about the ‘next generation’?" Cultural Attitudes towards Culture and Communication 2010, ed. Fay Sudweeks, Herbert Hrachovec & Charles Ess, Murdoch: Murdoch University, School of Information Technology, 2010, p. 187-197.

"A History of". Web History, ed. Niels Brügger, New York etc.: Peter Lang, 2010 (= Digital Formations; 56), p. 105-136.

"Arab Internet use: popular trends and public impact". Arab Media and Political Renewal: Community, Legitimacy and Public Life, ed. Naomi Sakr, London: I.B. Tauris, 2007 (= Library of Modern Middle Eastern Studies; 68), p. 56-78 & 178-184 (original draft here).

"Sudan". Africa Yearbook, 2: Politics, Economy and Society South of the Sahara 2005, ed. Andreas Mehler, Henning Melber & Klaus van Walraven, Leiden: Brill, 2006, p. 345-359. Also available at Brill Online.

"Sudan". Africa Yearbook, 1: Politics, Economy and Society South of the Sahara 2004, ed. Andreas Mehler, Henning Melber & Klaus van Walraven, Leiden: Brill, 2005, p. 339-353. Also available at Brill Online.

"The Internet in the Arab world: Playground for political liberalisation". Internationale Politik und Gesellschaft / International Politics and Society, 3/2005, p. 78-96 (see the summary). Linked to by al-Waʿy al-Miṣrī since Aug. 2005. Lengthy Arabic summary by Ṭāriq Dīlwānī, “al-Internet … wa’l-dīmūqrāṭiyya fī al-ʿālam al-ʿarabī,” al-Islām al-Yawm, 1 Sep. 2005, [republished by al-Mukhtaṣar li’l-Akhbār, 2 Sep. 2005; by Hady al-Islām, 22 Nov. 2005; by Akhbār Lībiyā; by Muntada: Libya Human & Political Development Forum]. Uploaded to scribd by sadusadu on 22 Oct. 2016.
Arabic translation by Mahammad Kalfat, "al-Internet fî al-‘âlam al-‘arabî: mal‘ab al-lîberâliyya al-siyâsiyya", in Weghât Naẓar 82, Nov. 2005, p. 62-67 (see the note/summary in the blog Kelmeteen, 13 Nov. 2005, and "Dirāsa li-kātib almānī tuṣannifu Dunyā ʼl-Waṭan min ahamm al-mawāqi˓ al-˓arabiyya ta˒thīran ˓alā al-ra˒y al-˓āmm", in Dunyā ʼl-Waṭan, 11 May 2006.
Turkish translation by Duygu Öztürk, "Arap Dünyasında İnternet: siyasi liberalleşme için oyun alam," Uluslararası İlişkiler, 4/16, Winter 2007-2008, p. 79-96.

"Hilfe für 'islamisches Erwachen': Islamische Wohlfahrtsorganisationen im Sudan". Zeitschrift Entwicklungspolitik, 7-8 (March 2005), p. 51-54 (prepublication version here).

"Das Internet und sein Beitrag zum Wertewandel arabischer Gesellschaften". Politische und gesellschaftliche Debatten in Nordafrika, Nah- und Mittelost, ed. Siegrid Faath. Hamburg: Deutsches Orient-Institut, 2004, p. 449-472 (= Mitteilungen des DOI; 72). -- Cf. the presentation of this study by Mike Scheller: "Islamisches Web: Wandel ohne Angriff auf die Identität", in Die Presse (Wien), 23 July 2004, section Tech&Science / Internet (reposted on on the Forum Islam im Gespräch zwischen Muslimen und Nichtmuslimen, 23 July 2004).

"Goths in the Lands of the Blacks: A Preliminary Survey of the Kaʿti Library in Timbuktu". The Transmission of Learning in Islamic Africa, ed. Scott Reese. Leiden: Brill, 2004, p. 154-183 (=Islam in Africa; 2) (limited preview of the book available at Google Book Search).

"Transcending the Madhhab - in Practice: the case of the Sudanese Shaykh Muhammad Majdhub (1795/6-1831)". Islamic Law and Society, 10 (2003), 2, p. 229-248.

"Antiamerikanismus im Sudan". "Antiamerikanismus" in Nordafrika, Nah- und Mittelost: Formen, Dimensionen und Folgen für Europa und Deutschland, ed. Sigrid Faath. Hamburg: Deutsches Orient-Institut, 2003, p. 83-113 (= Mitteilungen des DOI; 68). - English translation: "Anti-Americanism in the Sudan". Anti-Americanism in the Islamic World, ed. Sigrid Faath. London: C. Hurst & Princeton: Marcus Wiener, 2005, p. 54-76.

"Islamische wohltätige Einrichtungen mit entwicklungspolitischer Zielsetzung im Sudan". Islamische Stiftungen und wohltätige Einrichtungen mit entwicklungspolitischer Zielsetzung in arabischen Staaten, ed. Sigrid Faath. Hamburg: Deutsches Orient-Institut, 2003, p. 165-221.

"Sudan: Widerstand gegen den Zwang zur Einheit". Informationen zur politischen Bildung, 272: Afrika II. Bonn: Bundeszentrale für politische Bildung, 2001, p. 48-52.

Fondo Ka'ti: a provisional handlist of selected manuscripts. Evanston: Northwestern University, Program of African Studies, Institute for the Study of Islamic Thought in Africa, 2000.

"A Yemeni Library in Eritrea. Arabic manuscripts in the Italian Foreign Ministry". Der Islam, 72 (1995) 1, p. 98-136.

Arabic Literature of Africa, vol. i: The Writings of Eastern Sudanic Africa to c . 1900. Compiled by R.S. O'Fahey with the assistance of Muhammad Ibrahim Abu Salim, Albrecht Hofheinz, Yahya Muhammad Ibrahim, Bernd Radtke and Knut S. Vikør. Leiden: Brill, 1994 ( Handbuch der Orientalistik, Erste Abteilung: Der Nahe und Mittlere Osten, Bd. 13). Apart from assisting in overall compilation, I contributed the chapters: "The Writings of the Majadhib" (p. 243-76), "Popular Poetry" (with R.S. O'Fahey, p. 73-90), "The Khatmiyya Tradition" (with R.S. O'Fahey and Bernd Radtke, p. 178-227). - Arabic translation London: Al Furqan, in preparation.

"The Sudan". World Survey of Islamic Manuscripts, ed. Geoffrey Roper, vol. iii. Leiden: Brill, for the Al Furqan Islamic Heritage Foundation, London, 1994 (with Abu Agla el Husein and R.S. O'Fahey). -- Arabic translation by ʿAbd al-Sattār al-Ḥalwajī, in al-Makhṭūṭāt al-ʿarabiyya fī ’l-ʿālam, vol. ii, London: Muʾassasat al-Furqān, 2000.

The Letters of Ahmad Ibn Idris / Rasa’il Ahmad b. Idris. Edited, translated and annotated by Albrecht Hofheinz, Ali Salih Karrar, R.S. O’Fahey, Bernd Radtke and Einar Thomassen. London: Hurst, 1993. (full PDF here; amended post-publication version of Ch. 3 “Letters to Muḥammad Majdhūb” here)

"Der Scheich im Über-Ich, oder Haben Muslime ein Gewissen? Zum Prozeß der Verinnerlichung schriftislamischer Normen in Suakin im frühen 19. Jahrhundert". Wuqûf , 7-8 (1992-93), p. 461-81 (see post-publication version here)

"Das Feuer der göttlichen Liebe", "Am Heiligengrab","Reiseinformationen". Islam verstehen: Sympathie Magazin Nr. 26. Starnberg: Studienkreis für Tourismus, 1992.

"Sons of a Hidden Imam: the genealogy of the Mirghani family". Sudanic Africa, 3 (1992), p. 9-27. Unauthorized partial translation into Arabic by Ṭāriq ʿAntar, “Abnāʾ al-imām al-ghāʾib: nasab ʿāʾilat al-Mīrghanī bi-qalam Albretch [sic] Hōfhāinz”, Ṭāriq ʿAntar, 30 Sep. 2016.

"Research Note on the Majdhubiyya". Sudanews, 12 (1992), 3&4, p. 26-29.

"Äthiopien","Djibuti", "Somalia". Unsere Welt heute, vol. 7: Afrika südlich der Sahara. Gütersloh: Bertelsmann, 1991, p. 10-15, 18-21. Republ. in Das Länderlexikon. Gütersloh: Bertelsmann, 1999, p. 976-981, 986-989 (also special edn. Das große Länderlexikon. Niederhausen: Bassermann, 2000, same pagination).

"Sudan". Unsere Welt heute, vol. 3: Nordafrika und Arabische Halbinsel. Gütersloh: Bertelsmann, 1991, p. 80-85. Republ. in Das Länderlexikon. Gütersloh: Bertelsmann, 1999, p. 886-891 (also special edn. Das große Länderlexikon. Niederhausen: Bassermann, 2000, same pagination).

From Fakī to Duktōr: changing attitudes towards tradition among Sudanese rural intellectuals”. Conference Papers, Second International Sudan Studies Conference , vol. 3. Durham: University of Durham, 1992, p. 96-106 (abstract in: Conference Papers, vol. 1, Durham 1991, p. 41-43).

"More on the Idrisi tradition in the Sudan". Sudanic Africa, 2 (1991), p. 179-82.

"Encounters with a Saint: Al-Majdhūb, al-Mīrghanī and Ibn Idrīs as seen through the eyes of Ibrahīm al-Rashīd". Sudanic Africa, 1 (1990), p. 19-60.

"The Sufi Brotherhoods in the Sudan: a bibliography". Islam et Sociétés au Sud du Sahara, 4 (1990), p. 193-205 (with R.S. O'Fahey).

Encyclopedia entries

"Majādhīb". Accepted for publication by Encyclopaedia of Islam, THREE. Leiden: Brill, forthcoming 2020.

"Abdullah al-Tayyib", "Ahmad ibn Idris", "al-Damer", "Majadhib", "Shadhiliya", "Uthman ibn Abi Bakr Diqna". Historical dictionary of the Sudan, fourth edn., ed. Robert S. Kramer, Richard A. Lobban & Carolyn Fluehr-Lobban, Lanham, MD: Scarecrow, 2013, p. 41, 56, 119-20, 216-7, 283-4, 379-80, 448-449.

"Hədaräb". Encyclopaedia Aethiopica, ed. Siegbert Uhlig et al., vol. 3. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz, 2007, p. 7-9.

"Meczûb, Muhammed b. Kamerüddin". TDV Islâm Ansiklopedisi, Ankara: Türkiye Diyanet Vakfı, vol. 28, 2003, p. 284.

"al- Mad̲jād̲h̲īb". The Encyclopaedia of Islam, New Edn., vol. 12: Supplement. Leiden: Brill, 2004, p. 555-556.

"Abdallah al-Tayyib (1921-)", "Ahmad ibn Idris (1750-1837)", "al-Damer", "Majadhib", "Shadhiliya", "Uthman ibn Abi Bakr Diqna (1840-1926)". Historical dictionary of the Sudan, third edn., ed. Richard A. Lobban, Robert S. Kramer & Carolyn Fluehr-Lobban, Lanham, MD & London: Scarecrow, 2002, p. 6, 18, 74-5, 181-2, 248-9, 307-8.

"Sawâkin". The Encyclopaedia of Islam, New Edn. Leiden: Brill, vol. 9, 1997, p. 87-89.


Meikal Mumin and Kees Versteegh (eds.), The Arabic Script in Africa: Studies in the Use of a Writing System (Leiden: Brill, 2014). , Islamic Africa, 9 (2018) 1, p. 118-122.

Lorenz Müller, Islam und Menschenrechte: Sunnitische Muslime zwischen Islamismus, Säkularismus und Modernismus (Hamburg: Deutsches Orient-Institut, 1996). Middle East Studies Association Bulletin, 37 (2003) 1, p. 149-151.

Muhammad b. Abi ’l-Qasim Ibn al-Sabbagh, The mystical teachings of al-Shadhili, including his life, prayers, letters, and followers, tr. Elmer H. Douglas, ed. with an introduction and a bibliography by Ibrahim M. Abu-Rabi' (Albany: SUNY Press, 1993). Der Islam, 74 (1997), p. 360-365.

P.M. Currie, The shrine and cult of Mu'in al-Din Chishti of Ajmer (Delhi: Oxford UP, 1989). Der Islam, 73 (1996) 1, p. 196-198.

Le radicalisme islamique au sud du Sahara: da'wa , arabisation et critique de l'Occident, ed. René Otayek (Paris: Karthala, 1993). Wuqûf, 9 (1994-5), p. 491-493.

Gabriel R. Warburg, Historical Discord in the Nile Valley (London: Hurst, 1992). Die Welt des Islams, 35 (1995) 2, p. 309-313.

"Digest of Writings from the Idrisi Tradition". Review article on Bernd Radtke,"Lehrer - Schüler - Enkel: Ahmad b. Idris, Muhammad cUtman al-Mirghani, Ismacil al-Wali" ( Oriens, 23, 1992, p. 94-132). Sudanic Africa, 4 (1993), p. 234-239. Also available in an html version.

"»Sudan: Environment and People«. Second International Sudan Studies Conference, 8.-11. April 1991 in Durham". Orient, 32 (1991), 4, p. 525-531.

"The Contribution of the Zar Cult in African Traditional Medicine". Sudan Studies, 5 (1988), p. 12-13.

"Internationale Konferenz »Sudanese Studies. Past, Present, and Future«, 5.-9. Januar 1988 in Khartoum". Orient, 29 (1988), 3, p. 344-349 (pre-publication ms here).

Online publications

Brave New Sudan”. The New Middle East Blog, 25 Apr. 2015.

How did the Arabic Twittersphere react to Obama’s speech outlining his strategy against IS?”. The New Middle East Blog, 11 Sep. 2014.

Landslide”. The New Middle East Blog, 2 June 2014.

Regime of Fear, 2.0”. The New Middle East Blog, 15 Apr. 2014.

Tunisia – Egypt: who won?”. The New Middle East Blog, 16 Feb. 2014.

From the high skies, or: the lie of the land – a view from the edge”. The New Middle East Blog, 2 Nov. 2012.

"Out-Reach". The New Middle East Blog, 9 Sep. 2012.

"En attendant… le salut". The New Middle East Blog, 30 Mar. 2012.

"Who owns the revolution? A contested anniversary". The New Middle East Blog, 23 Jan. 2012.

"Egypt: Election results vs November Facebook popularity". The New Middle East Blog, 23 Jan. 2012.

"Revolution II". The New Middle East Blog, 27 Nov. 2011.

Understanding Sufi Islam in Sudan, Google Video, 14 min 48 sec, 28 Apr. 2006. Prepared for Understanding Sudan: A Teaching and Learning Resource. Linked by "World of Tasawwuf and IslamiXound; used in course GloS 3900-002 (Topics in Global Studies: Romance in Islamic Literature) by Zuleyha Colak, College of Liberal Arts, University of Minnesota, Fall 2007.

"A Breeze of Musk (An-Nafhatu Misk): A Sudanese Madih (Prophetic Eulogy) by Muhammad Majdhub" (translation and commentary), Muslim Cultures in Africa - Snapshots of a diverse continent, IslamOnline, 25 Nov. 2005 (republished on Spiritual Tendencies: A Sufistic Weblog, 7 Sep. 2005, and as "Let's have some songs" on the "Religion" forum of, 16 Feb. 2006 [no longer online]).

Islam on the Internet: Progress or Radicalization? Live Dialogue, IslamOnline, 25 Nov. 2004.

Links to relevant current events articles on the web (concerning the use of the Internet in the Arab world). Aug. - Nov. 2004.

Internet-Nutzung und Internetumfragen in Nordafrika, Nah- und Mittelost. March 2004.

Islamic World: quick & dirty list of links. Online since April 2000, last updated 11 Nov. 2005. See the review from the University of Oxford (also here: intute: arts & humanities). The site has since been incorporated into my bookmarks.

The Encyclopaedia of Islam, CD-ROM Edition, Macintosh version (Leiden: Brill, 2003). Also published on several scholarly discussion lists in Sep. 2003.

Internet-Handout Lange Nacht. 15 June 2003.

Ägypten: Informationstechnologie-Protokoll. 15 June 2000.

Heilige am Tropfenberg: Kassala und die Khatmiyya. 1988.

Wikipedia contributions.


"Islam, curûba und Afrikanität im Sudan: Ein Beitrag zur Identitätsdiskussion". Seminar Paper, Free University of Berlin, Institute for Political Science, 1983. Archived in Durham University Library, Main Library, Pam+ PK1647 HOF.

Presentations and seminars by invitation

"In 2016: Life in the Arab World after the ‘Arab Spring’". Centre for Islamic and Middle East Studies & Scene HumSam, University of Oslo, 26 Oct. 2018.In 2016 Workshop, Oslo: University of Oslo, 16 Apr. 2018.

"Social Media Buzz in 2016". Panel “In 2016 - Arrays and codes of post-revolutionary lifeworlds (Egypt and Tunisia)”, Fifth World Congress for Middle Eastern Studies, Sevilla, 16 July 2018.

"Social Media". In 2016 Workshop, Oslo: University of Oslo, 16 Apr. 2018.

"Baby Milk". In 2016 Workshop, Oslo: University of Oslo, 11 Nov. 2017.

"Who Speaks for Islam? And What Is Islam? Anti-authoritarianism, Humanism, and Autonomy of Choice as Important Dimensions in Current Self-Reflection". Presented to the round table “Islam at the Turn of the 21st Century: Continuity and Change”. Rethinking Islam at the Turn of the 21st Century: Liberal Trends, Agents of Change and Reassessment of Islamic Traditions, Beersheba: University of the Negev, 7 June 2017.

"Daring to Transgress: The Growing Visibility of Blasphemy and Atheism in the Current Arab Public". Blasphemy—An Explorative Workshop, Oslo: University of Oslo, 14 Dec. 2016.

"Social Media Five Years after the ‘Arab Spring’—Some General Remarks". The Tenth Nordic Conference on Middle Eastern Studies, Odense: Nordic Society of Middle Eastern Studies, 22 Sep. 2016.

"A Look Back on Generation Stuck: of Dreams Repressed, of Seeking a Way Out". Five Years after the Arab Spring: Political and Ideological Trends, Oslo: University of Oslo, 10 June 2016.

"Blasphemy among Muslims". Blasphemy! Oslo-Austin Cooperation Workshop, Oslo: University of Oslo, 5 June 2016.

"Of Broken Walls and Broken Illusions, or: Where do Sudanese Social Media Actors Perceive Liberating Change?". Liberation? BRISMES/EURAMES Annual Conference, London: London School of Economics and Political Science, 25 June 2015.

"Rāqī bi-akhlāqī, or: The Moral Turn, from Sufi Shaykhs to Facebook groups". Adab et modernité : un « processus de civilisation » ? (XVIIe-XXIe siècle), Paris: Colloque IUF-IISMM-CETOBAC, 24 May 2014.

" – a Trajectory". The Third Kazan International Scientific Forum: "Islam in a Multicultural World", Kazan Federal University, Kazan, Tatarstan, 15 Nov. 2013.

"#WhyIHateIkhwan. Islamist-secular polarization in Egyptian social media". Presented at the Ninth Nordic Conference on Middle Eastern Studies, Lund, Sweden, 21 Sep. 2013; the Middle East Studies Association 47th Annual Meeting, New Orleans, LA, 12 Oct. 2013; and the Center for Islamic and Middle East Studies, University of Oslo, 31 Jan. 2014.

"Islamic studies in Germany: an overview". Iranian Parliament House, Tehran, 16 Apr. 2013.

“Social Media in the ‘Arab Spring’ - field observations from Egypt”. Middle East Studies Association 46th Annual Meeting, Denver, CO, 17 Nov. 2012.

“Social Media in the ‘Arab Spring’ - the example of Egypt”. The New Middle East Forum for researchers and diplomats, Cairo, 9 Oct. 2012.

“Sosiale mediers rolle i den egyptiske revolusjonen”. Presentation and public debate on The Revolution Will Not Be Televised! Mobilisering i konfliktsoner via sosiale medier. House of Literatures (Litteraturhuset), Oslo, organized by Amnesty International, 14 June 2012.

“New media, religion and gender”. Comment on a presentation by Mia Lövheim. Religion Across Media: Theoretical Perspectives and Case Studies, University of Oslo, 13 Feb. 2012.

"Egypt one year after: Military rule in guise of democracy?" Public debate with Bjørn Olav Utvik. The Centre for Islamic and Middle East Studies in cooperation with The New Middle East and The Gulf Research Unit, University of Oslo, 27 Jan. 2012.

"Born on the 25th of January". Introduction to the European premiere of Aḥmed Rashwān's film Mawlūd fī 25 yanāyir. Babel filmklubb in cooperation with Human Rights/Human Wrongs documentary film festival, Ullevål kino, Oslo, 26 Jan. 2012.

"Fatwas on Twitter". Iftāʾ on Screens: Satellite Television, the Internet and Religious Authority in the Arab World. Workshop organised by the Center for the Study of Contemporary Muslim Societies of the Qatar Faculty of Islamic Studies, in collaboration with the New Islamic Public Sphere Programme of the University of Copenhagen, Doha, Qatar, 27-28 June 2011.

"Nextopia? Beyond Revolution 2.0". Keynote address given to the International Workshop Between Everyday Life and Political Revolution: The Social Web in the Middle East, Universitá degli Studi di Napoli "L’Orientale", Naples, Italy, 21 Mar. 2011.

"Lifting the veil on al-Jazeera’s niqāb debate". Panel on "Feminism, Piety, Leftism", Middle East Studies Association 44th Annual Meeting, San Diego, CA, 20 Nov. 2010.

"Dynamics of internet use in the Arab-Islamic world". Nettverk for religion og livssyn: Fagutviklingskonferanse 2010, Oslo, 11 Nov. 2010.

"The elusive quest for revolution: What about the 'next generation'?". diffusion 2.0: computing, mobility, and the next generations. Seventh international conference on cultural attitudes towards culture and communication (CATaC). Vancouver: University of British Columbia, 15-18 June 2010.

"Contested authority? Reflections on the niqāb debate". Fault Lines of Islamism: Negotiating Progress, Participation, and Patriarchy. Oslo: University of Oslo, 9-10 Nov. 2009.

"Identity • Authority • History: Facets of Muslims' Internet use". Muslims and the New Information and Communication Technologies: Theoretical, Methodological and Empirical perspectives. International Symposium organized by LearnIT/LinCS, University of Gothenburg; The Centre of European Islamic Thought, University of Copenhagen; and The New Islamic Public Sphere Programme, University of Copenhagen. Copenhagen: Vilvorde Conference Centre, 28-29 Oct. 2009.

Media, Islam and Modernity: Challenges to the Nordic Context. Workshop held by The Nordic Network for the Mediatization of Religion and Culture, Sigtuna: Sigtunastiftelsen, 26-28 Oct. 2009.

"Jāmiʿat Ōslō wa’l-dirāsa fīhā”. Jeddah: Effat University, 5 May 2009.

"Reconstituting bodies of knowledge: Disciplining the body - simplifying the corpus - reconstructing the community". Constituting Bodies of Islamic Knowledge. Evanston, IL: Northwestern University, Institute for the Study of Islamic Thought in Africa, 17-18 Nov. 2008.

"Virtual jihad: transmission belt of a global movement?" Introduction and moderation of Panel 3 at the Bundesnachrichtendienst-Symposium: "Globaler Jihad: Europa im Fokus?!" Berlin: Bundesnachrichtendienst, 23 Oct. 2008 (see video of the introduction).

"A History of". Web_site Histories - Theories, Methods, Analysis. Aarhus: University of Aarhus, Centre for Internet Research, 14 Oct. 2008.

"The Internet, the quest for democracy, and the role of the individual in the Arab world". The Challenges of Transformation: Visions and Revisions of the Middle East and North Africa. Berlin: Freie Universität Berlin, Otto-Suhr-Institut für Politikwissenschaften, Arbeitsstelle für Politik des Vorderen Orients & Heinrich-Böll-Stiftung, 13 Dec. 2007, and Bergen: University of Bergen, Centre for Middle Eastern and Islamic Studies, 12 June 2008.

"Internet usage in the Middle East and North Africa". Oslo: University of Oslo, Department of Informatics, 7 Dec. 2007.

"The Internet and democratization in the Middle East: a plea for greater historical and social contextualization". Middle East Studies Association 2007 Annual Meeting, Montréal, 17-20 Nov. 2007.

"The Internet, the quest for democracy, and the role of the individual in the Middle East". Internet Research 8.0: Let's Play. Association of Internet Researchers annual conference, Vancouver, 17-20 Oct. 2007 (panel "The Internet's Spill-Over Effects in Asia and the Middle East").

"New media and democratization in the Arab world". Panel Session "Between Market & State Control: New Media and Democratization". From Samizdat to Tamizdat: Dissident Media Crossing Borders Before and After 1989. Vienna: Institute for Human Sciences / Institut für die Wissenschaften vom Menschen, 12-15 Sep. 2006.

"Hyperlink to reality: a history of". Global Networking and Locality: Sufis in Western Societies, University of Bremen, 30 Sep. - 2 Oct. 2005.

"New media - new ideas: internalizing Islam and the rise of the individual, from the 18th century to the age of the Internet". The World History Association 14th Annual Conference, Ifrane: Al Akhawayn University, 27-29 June 2005. Also served as chair on the panel "Imperial Connections".

"Listes d'accès et catalogues - buts et strategies d'établissement". Chemins du Savoir: Journées d'Etudes sur les Manuscrits de Tombouctou, Rabat: Institut des Etudes Africaines, Université Mohammed V - Souissi, 14-17 June 2005.

Organised jointly with the Centre for Development and the Environment, University of Oslo, the Institute for the Study of Islamic Thought in Africa, The National Library of the Kingdom of Morocco and the Ahmed Baba Institute in Timbuktu. The event included an exhibit at the National Library of photographs of manuscripts from Timbuktu taken partly by me (see below).

"Das Internet als Jugendmedium in der arabischen Welt". Deutsch-Arabischer Mediendialog: Jugend, Medien und Politische Partizipation, Berlin: Auswärtiges Amt / Foreign Office (organized by Institut für Auslandsbeziehungen / Institute for Foreign Cultural Relations), 29-30 Nov. 2004. Also served as moderator of the introductory panel "Jugend und Medien: Sozialisation durch die Medien und die Folgen".

"The Timbuktu Manuscripts Project: Partners and processes". Roundtable on US-African Library Partnerships in Digitizing Scholarly Resources organized by the Africana Librarians Council at the African Studies Association 47th Annual Meeting, New Orleans, 12 Nov. 2004.

"Das arabische Internet: Nutzungsmuster und Perspektiven der Entwicklung". Cairo: Al-Azhar University, 11 Oct. 2004). This lectures had originally been planned for March 2004; see "Mufakkir almânî yulqî muhâdarât ‘an al-da‘wa li’l-Islâm ‘abr al-Internet",, 25 March 2004; "Muhâdarât hawl istikhdâm al-Internet fî ’l-‘âlam al-‘Arabî fî 'l-Qâhira", al-Riyadh, 28 March 2004; and Nabîl Sharaf al-Dîn: "Bâhith almânî yursid istikhdâm al-‘Arab li’l-shabaka",, 1 Apr. 2004.

"Islam und Internet". Kultur im globalen Netz. Goethe Institute Cairo, 11 Oct. 2004. See "al-Sabt al-Qādim: Mihraǧān thaqāfī almānī bi’l-Qāhira", Akhbār al-Adab, 585, 26 Sep. 2004; "Culture in the Global Net", Arab World Books Message Board, 8 Oct. 2004. -- For a detailed report on this lecture, see Tarik A. Ghanem, "Muslim Internet: Reduce, Fragment, Change in Values", IslamOnline, 22 Nov. 2004; republished by Mafhoum, Reading Islam, MuslimVillage Australia (forum "Articles about Islam", 2 Dec. 2004), HaGaSnY (forum News > Islam, 6 Jan. 2005), and on the blog Ku Biar Kalam Berbicara..., 2 Feb. 2005.

"Arabic manuscripts in public and private collections in Northern Mali". Languages in Africa. University of Oslo, 10 Sep. 2004.

"Hintergründe und Entwicklung des Konflikts in Darfur". Neuer Völkermord in Afrika? Die Krise im Westsudan. Information and Discussion Panel organized by the Heinrich-Böll-Stiftung, Berlin, 7 July 2004.

"The Internet in the Arab World". New Communications Media in the Arab World: A Revolution in Everyday Life / Neue Kommunikationsmedien in der arabischen Welt: Eine Revolution im Alltag. The House of World Cultures / Haus der Kulturen der Welt, Berlin, 25 June 2004. Also served as moderator on the panel "Arab media and globalization", 26 June 2004. -- On the conference, see Verena Lueken, "Auch Mädchen surfen", in: Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung, 28 June 2004, Nr. 147, p. 33 (PDF version here); Krystian Woznicki, "Die vierte Macht", in: Telepolis, 28 June 2004; Gerwin Klinger, "Programme für 1001 Nacht", in: Frankfurter Rundschau, 29 June 2004, p. 21; Ghassan Abu Hamad: "Shabakât al-ittisâl al-hadîtha: wasîlat taharrur am isti‘bâd? Khubarâ’ ‘aradû tajârub wa-n‘ikâsât al-fadâ’iyat ‘alâ al-‘Arab", in:; "Cyber-Islam: Internet und Satelliten-TV verändern die arabische Welt", in:; Hamîd Ziyâyi Porûr, "Jahân-e ‘Arab dar gostareh-ye taḥavvolât-e rasâneh-’î", in: Khabar-negâr, 17 Mordâd 1383 / 8 Aug. 2004.

"Internet use in the Arab world: Some observations on popular trends and public impact". Analysing Content, Seminar 3 in The Arab Media Seminar Series entitled Towards an Arab Public Sphere? The Impact of New Media Technologies on Public Life in the Arab World, Communication and Media Research Institute, University of Westminster, London, 18 June 2004.

Focus: Sudan. Sustainable Peace after Decades of Civil War? Information and Discussion Panel organized by the Austrian Orient-Society Hammer-Purgstall, Vienna, 25 March 2004.

"Does the Internet contribute to value changes and to strengthening democratic publics in the Arab-Islamic world?". Media and the Transformation of Arab Societies. Fourth Annual BIMA International Conference, Lebanese American University / Beirut Institute for Media Arts, 17-19 March 2004 (for a detailed report on the conference by Iveta Kourilova, see Transnational Broadcasting Studies 12, Spring-Summer 2004).

"Modernization and Information Society". Comparing Processes of Modernization. Lessons from Islamic-European Experiences. Joint Conference of the University of Potsdam, the Faculty of Social Sciences at Tehran University, and the Sadat Academy for Management Sciences in Cairo, University of Potsdam, 17 Dec. 2003.

"Inner Mission: Internalising Islam and the rise of the individual, from the 18th century to the age of the Internet". The Ninth International Workshop of the Department of Middle East Studies, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, on The Dissemination of Islam Within and Without Muslim Societies: Historical, Anthropological and Comparative Perspectives, Beer-Sheva, 10-11 June 2003.

"A History of". Workshop on Modern Adaptations in Sufi-based Islam: Concepts, Practices and Movements in a Translocal Perspective, Centre for Modern Oriental Studies, Berlin, 4-5 April 2003.

"Orient—Okzident: Gegenseitige Wahrnehmungen in Geschichte und Gegenwart". Lutheran Foundation for Advanced Studies (Evangelisches Studienwerk), Haus Villigst, 26 March 2003 (with Dr. Konrad Hirschler)

"Internalising Religious Authority: moralist preaching, the erosion of scholastic reasoning, and the rise of the individual in the Muslim world". University of Oslo, 11 Dec. 2002.

"Internalising Religious Authority: Sufi preachers, the erosion of scholastic reasoning, and the rise of the individual". Symposium Religious Authorities in Middle Eastern Islam, Interdisziplinäres Zentrum "Bausteine zu einer Gesellschaftsgeschichte des Vorderen Orients" and Haus der Kulturen der Welt, Berlin, 6 Dec. 2002.

"The Reflection of Global Media Events in Public Opinion: cultural constraints, influential economic and political factors". Conference on The Islamic and the Western World in the Media Dialogue, University of Potsdam, 19 Nov. 2002.

"Die Reaktion auf den 11. September in ägyptischen, sudanesischen und marokkanischen Online-Diskussionsgruppen". Workshop Lokales Handeln in Krisensituationen: Muslime angesichts der Katastrophe, Universität Bayreuth, 16 Nov. 2002.

"The Internet--a tool for communication across cultures?". Workshop Chat mit Deutschland, Goethe Institute, Cairo, 25 Sep. 2002.

"Net Impact: how Egyptian, Sudanese, and Moroccan online communities reacted to 9-11". First World Congress of Middle Eastern Studies, Mainz, 12 Sep. 2002.

"Kalam Sakit? Sudanese discussing state and society on the Internet". 35th Annual Meeting of the Middle East Studies Association, San Francisco, CA, 18 Nov. 2001.

"The Kati Library in Timbuktu: findings of a survey in October 2000". International Colloquium on African Libraries and the Transmission of Islamic Thought in Africa, Institute for the Study of Islamic Thought in Africa, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL, 25 May 2001.

"Goths in the Land of the Blacks: new Arabic manuscript finds from Timbuktu and their significance for the historiography of the Niger Bend". University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, AR, 14 Nov. 2000.

"Imam, Sultan, or Prophet: whose law should prevail?". Working Group "Modernity and Islam", Berlin Seminar:"Notions of law and order", 19 July 2000.

"From Digital Jihad to some observations on Muslim movements in cyberspace". Workshop Multiple Modernities: Islam and Public Space, Essen: Kulturwissenschaftliches Institut, 13 May 2000.

"Transcending the madhhab - in practice: The case of the Sudanese Shaykh Muhammad Majdhub (1795/6-1831)". The III International Conference on Islamic Legal Studies: The Madhhab, Cambridge, MA: Harvard Law School, 6 May 2000.

"What did African Muslims write? A review of the evidence". 30th Annual Meeting of the Middle East Studies Association, Providence, RI, 24 Nov. 1996.

"Islam and the sense of national identity in modern Egypt". University of Bergen, 19 Sep. 1996.

"Illumination and Enlightenment revisited, or: What has Sufism got to do with modernity?". University of Bergen, 19 Sep. 1996. Also uploaded to StudyLib.

"Al-Majdhub ila Hadrat al-Mahbub wa'l-jadhib ila hukm Rabbihi 'l-maktub: nubdha 'an al-Shaykh Muhammad Majdhub b. Qamar al-Din [...] wa-'an dawr al-sufiyya fi tarsikh al-ahkam al-shar'iyya 'an tariq al-ma'arif al-kashfiyya". Sufism Studies in Sudan, Khartoum, 28 Oct. 1995.

"Muslim hagiography as a historical source: lessons from a study of the manaqib of Muhammad Majdhub (1796-1831)". Biography in Eastern African Historical Writing, U. of Oxford, 5 July 1995.

"Manaqib: an overview of the genre and its use as a historical source". Nordisk praktisk textseminarium, University of Bergen, 15 June 1994.

"Islam, sexuality, and conscience in early nineteenth-century Sawakin". The Third International Meeting of Sudan Studies, Boston, 22 Apr. 1994.

"From Faki to Duktor: changing attitudes towards tradition among Sudanese rural intellectuals". Second International Sudan Studies Conference, Durham (England), April 1991.

"The Majādhīb: Tradition and reform in a Sudanese ṭarīqa. Notes on the 'neo-Sufism' debate. Neo-Sufism, current and future research, colloquium, University of Bergen, March 1990.

Sufi studies, seminar, University of Bergen, Oct. 1985.


Interviews with or resource person for: NRK (on an Arabic manuscript from Timbuktu that Norway returned to Mali: “≤a href="">Kåre (75) hadde afrikansk kulturskatt i kjelleren i 24 år”, 31 May 2019; Kveldsnytt, 31 May 2019); National Library of Norway (on Arabic manuscripts from Timbuktu, 25 Apr. 2019); TV2 (on the popular demonstrations in the Sudan, Algeria, and Morocco, 11 Apr. 2019); VG, NRK Urix [taken up by the Russian news agency Sputnik whence also published by Information Agency News Front], NRK P2 Nyhetslunsj, TV2, Dagbladet, Vårt Land (on the situation in Morocco after the murder of two Scandinavian tourists in Imlīl, 19-21 Dec. 2018); Apollon ("Lagar ‘leksikon’ over året 2016: Livet i Egypt og Tunisia fem år etter", p. 18-19); Christian Science Monitor ("For Sudan's uninsured, a dose of Facebook is the cure", 28 May 2015); Norway Today (on the prosecution of Muḥammad Mursī, Jan. 2015); Dagens Næringsliv ("Energikrise truer al-Sisi", 5 May 2014); Klar Tale (on the situation in Egypt, 20 Aug. 2013); NRK Kulturnytt (about the media situation in Egypt, 20 Aug. 2013); VG Nett ("Tror turistene vil vende tilbake til Egypt", 20 Aug. 2013); Klassekampen (“Utnyttet av militæret”, 17 Aug. 2013); VG Nett ("Derfor eksploderer det i Egypt nå", 16 Aug. 2013); VG Nett ("Fem drept og flere skadet etter nye kamper i Egypt", 26 July 2013); Dagens Næringsliv ("Jobben hans var å påse at Egypts grunnlov ble overholdt", 6 July 2013); NRK Dagsnytt 18 (on the situation in Egypt, 4 July 2013); Dagens Næringsliv ("Politiet rømmer gatene", 4 July 2013); Vårt Land ("Derfor er de sinte", 4 July 2013); Vårt Land ("Hæren i Egypt vokter sine pengeinteresser", 3 July 2013); NTB, NRK, TV2, Dagens Næringsliv (background on the events in Egypt, 3-7 July 2013); NRK P2 Kulturnytt (about 'arabish', 15 May 2013); VG Nett ("Sikkerhetsstyrkene banket opp nakne Saber - sier selv de hjalp ham", 3 Feb. 2013; VG TV, 3 Feb. 2013 ("Egypt: Hamada (48) banket av politiet - gir demonstrantene skylden ..."; about the video showing naked Ḥammāda Ṣābir being beaten up by Egyptian Central Security during clashes near the Presidential Palace on 1 Feb. 2013); Uniforum, 31 Jan. 2013 ("Kulturskattane i Timbuktu truleg redda"); NRK Dagsnytt Atten, 30 Jan. 2013 (on the manuscript heritage of Timbuktu; see sound file of the Mali-discussion); Aftenposten ("Timbuktu-koraner kan ende på svartebørs", 30 Jan. 2013); Deutschlandradio Kultur (Radiofeuilleton) (Timbuktu: Die Bedeutung der Schriften dort für die Islamwissenschaft, 29 Jan. 2013; Dagens Næringsliv, The Globe and Mail, NRK, 28 & 29 Jan. 2013 (on the torching of the Ahmad Baba Institute in Timbuktu and the significance of the Timbuktu manuscripts); NRK, P2, Kulturnytt, 27 Aug. 2012 (on the role of music in the Arab Spring); Gulan Media (Erbil, Iraq), 10 May 2012 (on Islam and democracy in the Arab world); NRK, P2, Kulturnytt, 13 Feb. 2012 (about the “Islamic Facebook” planned at the time,; Neue Luzerner Zeitung ("Sieg der Frommen trifft Tourismus", 3 Dec. 2011, p. 7); VG Nett (“Amerikanske studenter tatt i Kairo: Skal ha kastet brannbomber”, 22 Nov. 2011); VG Nett ("Øyenvitne til VG Nett: Folk løper forbi med sårede", 21 Nov. 2011); VG ("Revolusjonen, del 2", 21 Nov. 2011); VG (“Professor: - Vanskelig å gi fredspris til egyptere”, 7 Oct. 2011); NRK, 6 Oct. 2011 (on the possibility that the Nobel Peace Prize for 2011 might be awarded to social media activists in the Arab world); Gulan Media (Erbil, Iraq), 14 July 2011 (on the significance of South Sudan's independence for the future of non-Arab people in the Arab states); Deutschlandfunk, 22 June 2011 (“Das war der Tag”, on the terror attack in Norway); Insu^TV, 22 Mar. 2011, on the events in Libya; Il Messaggero ("Il web ha dato coraggio alla rivoluzione araba", 22 Mar. 2011); NRK 1, Spekter (“Revolusjon”, 16 Feb. 2011); Under Dusken 3/2011, 15 Feb. 2011, p. 16-17 ("Håp om frihet og fremtid: opptøyene i Egypt"); ABC Nyheter, 11 Feb. 2011 ("Den første Facebook-revolusjonen? Revolusjonen i Egypt er utvilsomt en folkets revolusjon, men uten mediene ville ikke gnisten kunnet spre seg"); P4 Nyheter (about the situation in Egypt, 11 Feb. 2011); IT-News für Profis (“Schmalband: Ägypter nutzen das Internet per Modem”, 31 Jan. 2011; widely republished); Deutschlandfunk, Informationen am Morgen, 29 Jan. 2011 ("Die Welt schaut zu – Islamwissenschaftler über das Internet in der arabischen Welt") (republished on; text transcript by DLF; republished by Parse News); NRK P2, Kulturnytt, 28 Jan. 2011 (about the demonstrations in Egypt and the role of social media); Klassekampen, 28 Jan. 2011 (about the demonstrations in Egypt and the role of social media); ABC Nyheter, 28 Jan. 2011 ("Kuttet hele internett: Egyptiske myndigheter har sperret befolkningens tilgang til internett i påvente av demonstrasjoner etter fredagsbønnen"); TV 2 Nyhetene, Korrespondenten, 21 Jan. 2011, about the role of social media in the Tunisian uprising and its significance for the Arab world; National Geographic ("The Telltale Scribes of Timbuktu", Jan. 2011, p. 84-103); GEO 12/2010, on the Timbuktu manuscripts; ("Aus den Sandlöchern in die digitale Bibliothek", 19 Apr. 2010 (Engl. tr. "From Holes in the Sand to a Digital Library", 21 Apr. 2010; Arabic tr. "Min al-ḥufar al-ramliyya ilā ’l-maktaba al-raqmiyya", 27 Apr. 2010; Turkish tr. "Kum çukurundan dijital kütüphaneye", 5 May 2010 (no longer online); abridged versions published by Common Ground News Service in English ["Putting Timbuktu back on the map", 27 Apr. 2010], Arabic ["Waḍʿ Timbāktū [sic] marratan ukhrā ʿalā ’l-kharīṭa"], French ["Tombouctou réapparaît sur la carte"], Indonesian ["Mengembalikan Timbuktu ke peta dunia], and Urdu ["Timbukṫū kī tārīkhī islāmī ḥayṡiyat kī biḥālī", all 30 Apr. 2010]; the Common Ground versions were widely republished); DIE ZEIT ("Die Wüste liest", about the Timbuktu manuscripts project, 25 Mar 2010); NRK P1 Her og nå (about the "Nubian monkey" affair caused by Hayfāʾ Wahbē's song “Bābā fēn”, 23 Nov. 2009); Universitas ("Midtøsten ruster opp", about King Abdullah University of Science and Technology, Jeddah, 28 Oct. 2009); ARTE ("Tombouctou: les manuscrits sauvés des sables | Timbuktus verschollenes Erbe: vom Sande verweht", dir. Lutz Gregor / Gruppe 5, first broadcast 16 & 23 Sep. 2009, 26 Apr. 2012, 3 May 2012, online: French version; German version: Part 1 | Part 2 | Part 3); al-Madīna - al-Arbiʿāʾ ("Fī taʿāwun norwēǧī saʿūdī: Naql ṭullāb wa-ṭālibāt min Iskandināfiyā li-taʿallum al-lugha al-ʿarabiyya fī Jidda", 29 July 2009); Deutsche Welle Arabic, on Internet use in the Arab world, March 2009; DER SPIEGEL 31/2008 ("Sesam im Sandmeer, 28 July 2008, p. 122-124; see PDF; Engl. transl. "Africa’s literary treasure trove: The rush to save Timbuktu's crumbling manuscripts", 1 Aug. 2008; reposted on eBay Forums Booksellers Discussion Board, 1 Aug. 2008); on Chukwubikes' blog, 2 Aug. 2008; excerpted on the Special Interest Group for International Information Issues (SIG-III) Blog, 1 Aug. 2008 ["The Libraries of Timbuktu"]; and on the 'art is a lie that tells the truth' blog ["ancient crumbling library in Timbuktu"], 5. Aug. 2008); NRK P2 "Sånn er livet" on Internet censorship in Tunisia, 31 Jan. 2008; ABC Nyhter ("Nettbruken veks i den arabiske verda", 19 Oct. 2006); Vårt Land ("Rekordvekst i arabisk nettbruk", 16 Oct. 2006); Apollon ("Internett bryter ned grenser", Oct. 2006); Österreichischer Rundfunk, Ö1 ("Im Dissens zur Macht: Samizdat und Tamizdat. Zu einer Tagung am IWM in Wien, 12. bis 15. September"), Dimensionen - Die Welt der Wissenschaft, 20 Sep. 2006 (see "Samizdat und Tamizdat: Widerstand der Worte"); Financial Times Deutschland ("UNO-Rolle in Darfur auf der Kippe", 12 May 2006, p. 19); SWR2 Radioakademie, background interview on the renaissance of Islam for the programme "Wiederkehr der Götter: Die globale Renaissance der Religionen", 6 May 2006; Financial Times Deutschland ("Nato berät über aktivere Rolle in Darfur-Konflikt", 27 April 2006, p. 15; Aftenposten ("Arabisk-studier øker mest i USA", 2 April 2006, p. 16); Deutschlandradio Kultur ("Der Karikaturenstreit - in den arabischen Ländern angeheizt im Internet?", 16 Feb. 2006); Neue Zürcher Zeitung ("Edle Manuskripte aus Timbuktu", 12 Feb. 2006); BBC Radio 3 ("Timbuktu, Centre of the World", 27 Nov. 2005; Politiken ("Arabisk ungdom: Unge arabere har fået smag for ytringsfriheden via cyberspace", 31 Oct. 2005; Iran ("Tajārebī az hamsāyegān-e janūbī: zanān ve eṣlāḥāt", 18 Dec. 2004); Radio Kairo (the German Overseas Programme of the Egyptian Broadcasting Corporation), about "Islam und Internet", 7 Nov. 2004 (republished several times on mp3-sharing sites, i.a. on, on, and on; the German-Arab Trade Magazine GAT/Deutsch-arabische Wirtschaft, Nov. 2004 (about Internet use in the Arab world); Al-Ahram Hebdo ("On ne peut pas parler d’une synergie islamo-nationaliste", Idées, 20 Oct. 2004) (NB: The title does not correctly represent what I said, namely that Islamists and nationalists do not subscribe to a new, joint or hybrid, islamo-nationalist ideology. Further, it was not "50", but ca. 8-10% of the most frequented Arabic websites that present themselves as explicitly Islamic); al-Ahram ("al-Internet fî al-câlam al-carabî li'l-dardasha wa'l-tacâruf", Dunyâ al-Thaqâfa, 17 Oct. 2004, p. 29); Tagesspiegel ("Revolution im Alltag: Wie die Zensur in der arabischen Welt durch das Internet umgangen wird", 11 Oct. 2004; Hessischer Rundfunk (about Islamic reform movements; for hr2 Der Tag, 10 Sep. 2004: "Der 11. September und die Neuerfindung des Islam"); Die Presse ("Islamisches Web: Wandel ohne Angriff auf die Identität", 23 July 2004); epd medien (Nr. 53, 10 July 2004: "Revolution im Alltag"); Die Presse ("Web-Cafés: Freiraum im Islam", 9 July 2004; reposted on, 23 July 2004 (no longer online); Hessischer Rundfunk ("Mediale Revolution in Nah-Ost", hr1-Netzwerk, 4 July 2004); Bayrischer Rundfunk ("Neue Kommunikationsmedien in der arabischen Welt", B5 aktuell, 4 July 2004); Deutsche Welle (Persian Service: "Zanân-e ‘Arab ve estefâdeh az vasâ’el-e erṭebât-e jam‘î-ye jadîd", 3 July 2004); Saarländischer Rundfunk ("Revolution im Alltag - Neue Medien in der arabischen Welt", SR 2 MedienWelt, 3 July 2004); Deutsche Welle Radio ("Internet und Pressefreiheit", Weltspiegel, 28 June 2004); ("Internet und Satelliten-TV verändern Arabien", 27 June 2004 (republished on Zentrum Moderner Orient: Pressespiegel and on Forum-Sicherheitspolitik), 27 June 2004); ("Saudi-Arabien zensiert am ausgefeiltesten", 26 June 2004; republished on; Inforadio ("Neue Kommunikationsmedien in der arabischen Welt", 26 June 2004); Freitag ("Die großen Tabus im Chat", 4 June 2004 (republished in Nadeshda: Informations- und Kommunikationsmedium für Politik, Umwelt und Kultur e.V.) and in, 6 June 2004, from the Usenet group cl.medien.allgemein), 5 June 2004, crossposted to cl.menschenrechte.afrika, cl.menschenrechte.asien, and cl.regionen.nahost); Berliner Zeitung ("Religion und Klingeltöne", 3 June 2004, p. 34); DeutschlandRadio (about Internet use in the Arab world, Galerie: Bücher und Medien, 12 May 2004); Hessischer Rundfunk (about Islamic missionary expansion, for hr1 Der Tag, 4 May 2004); ("Meinungsbildung durch Internet?", 14 Apr. 2004) (translated into English as "There Are Serious Concerns about Social Cohesion and Religious Identity" and into Arabic as "al-Internet wa’l-dīmūqrāṭiyya fī al-ʿālam al-islāmī"; Arabic version reproduced on Nâdî al-Fikr al-‘Arabî, 11 Aug. 2004; by The Initiative for an Open Arab Internet; on Hady al-Islām (5 Dec. 2006); on the salafi forum Muntadayāt Ṣadā ’l-Qurʾān (“al-Internet bayn al-manāfiʿ wa’l-mafāsid”, 13 Apr. 2008, no longer online); and by Maktab al-Naʿūs al-ʿArabī li’l-muḥāmāt (no longer online); Berliner Zeitung (about scenarios for a post-war Iraqi mediascape, 10 Apr. 2003); 3sat ("Kurier des Propheten? Der arabische Sender Al Dschasira zwischen allen Fronten", 1 April 2003, no longer online); Financial Times Deutschland ("Ibrahim Helal: Die Stimme der Araber", 31 March 2003, about al-Jazeera); Österreichischer Rundfunk (on changes in authority structures in the Muslim world, 5 Dec. 2002); Deutschlandradio (about al-Jazeera, 19 Nov. 2002); SFB RADIOkultur (on the Sudanese reformer Mahmud Muhammad Taha; 29 April 2002); UPI ("Not stoned to death but flogged", 25 Feb. 2002, on a Sudanese woman sentenced to death for adultery; republished by Zenit: The World Seen from Rome, 28 Feb. 2002; an Italian version was published in L'Espresso); La Repubblica (on the same case, 7 Feb. 2002); Focus (German news magazine, on the use of the Internet by Islamist groups, 12 September 2001); Voice of America Arabic Service (about ICRC operations in the Southern Sudan, in Arabic, 1998); Radio Omdurman (one-hour feature about the principles and the work of the ICRC as well as about my research on Shaykh al-Majdhub, in Arabic, broadcast twice in 1998); Radio Atbara, Sudan (about my research on Shaykh al-Majdhūb, in Arabic, 1995); Radio 100, Berlin ("Seek, Save & Run", about Macintosh computing, 14 Apr. 1989); Atbara Television, Sudan (half-hour feature about my research on the Majādhīb, in Arabic; 1987); Atbara Radio, Sudan (about my research on the Majādhīb, in Arabic, 1986); a Tunisian newspaper (about studying Arabic, in Arabic, 1981); al-cArab (international Arabic newspaper, about studying Arabic at the Seminar for Oriental Languages, Bonn, publ. in vol. 2/386, 24 Jan. 1979, p. 8: “Aṣbaḥ al-iqbāl ʿalā taʿallum al-lugha al-ʿarabiyya ẓāhira tastaḥiqq al-dirāsa”).


Les Chemins du Savoir / Masâlik al-Ma'rifa: Manuscrits de Tombouctou: patrimoine partagé / al-turâth al-mushtarak min khilâl makhtûtât Tinbuktû. Rabat: Bibliothèque Nationale du Royaume du Maroc en collaboration avec l'Institut des Hautes Etudes et de Recherches Islamiques Ahmed Baba - Tombouctou, 13-17 June 2005. Exhibit and catalogue to which I contributed as one of three photographers.

Images of the Azhar (Cairo); of Qur'ân schools in Djenné (Mali), El Damer (Sudan), and El Gedaref (Sudan); of mawlid and hawliyya celebrations in El Damer; of the mosque and tomb of al-Sayyid al-Hassan in Kassala (Sudan); of Djingere-Ber (Timbuktu), Sankoré Mosque (Timbuktu), and the Great Mosque in Djenné; and of the Great Mosque in Moroni (Grand Comore), in Ha-islam: mavo le-historie shel ha-dat, ed. Nehemia Levtzion, Daphna Ephrat & Daniella Talmon-Heller, Tel Aviv: The Open University, 2003, p. 14, 82, 92, 112, 148, 235, 237.

Images of the Azhar Mosque, Cairo, 2002: courtyard, minarets, and black and white versions (also used on Mark Sedgwick’s site about Muḥammad ʿAbduh and his times).

The Timbuktu Libraries Project site has images showing me bent over Arabic manuscripts in Timbuktu in 2000 (also included in the online exhibit "The Family Libraries of Timbuktu: Africa’s Literary Heritage").

Hobby links

Universitetets Symfoniorkester, Oslo (1. fiolin, 2007-2010)

Oslo Symfoniorkester (1. fiolin, 2005-07)

DNT Oslo og Omegn (tour guide [vinterturleder])

Oslo Kajakklubb (våttkort teknikkurs hav)


Syklistenes Landsforening

Norske lenker (my list of web sites useful for students of Norwegian)

My photostream on Flickr

"Top fototur i tåka" (winner of the Norwegian Trekking Association’s autumn 2010 photo competition, 5 Nov. 2009)

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Last updated 11 April 2020