The troops known as Libyans or Libyphoenicians were Carthage's native subjects, at least in early armies probably pressed into reluctant service. The 12000 Libyans who reached Italy with Hannibal, however, were clearly his most trusted troops, and he went to great lengths to preserve them in all his battles. They performed well on and off the battlefield. In early armies they are classed as Sp(I), in later armies as rSp(O) or, in Hannibal's army, rSp(S).
Libyan spearmen, displaying shield devices with religious connotations as well as simpler geometric patterns.
Libyan spearmen in column.