Literature

Rapport om beitetrykk på Hardangervidda Rekdal, Y., Angeloff, M. & Hofsten, J. 2009. Vegetasjon og beite på Hardangervidda. Oppdragsrapport fra Skog og Landskap 11: 1-50. [pdf]. Les BeiteForsk 2009 for en rettelse av areal for Skjold beitelag.
Rapport om beitetrykk i Setesdal Vesthei

Rekdal, Y. & Angeloff, M. 2007. Vegetasjon og beite i Setesdal Vesthei. Oppdragsrapport fra Skog og Landskap 08: 1-40. [pdf]

Rapport for 5 første år (2000-2004)
Mysterud, A. & Austrheim, G. (red.) 2005. Økologiske effekter av sauebeiting i høyfjellet. Korttidseffekter. Utmarksnæring i Norge 1-05: 1-91. lav oppløsning (<1 MB) - høy oppløsning (9 MB)
Information about progress (In Norwegian); BeiteForsk BeiteForsk 2011; BeiteForsk 2010; BeiteForsk 2009; BeiteForsk 2008BeiteForsk 2007; BeiteForsk 2006BeiteForsk 2005; BeiteForsk 2004; BeiteForsk 2003; BeiteForsk 2002; BeiteForsk 2001; BeiteForsk 2000 
International papers - 2016 Austrheim, G., Speed, J.D.M., Evju, M., Hester, A., Holand, Ø., Loe, L.E., Martinsen, V., Mobæk, R., Mulder, J., Steen, H., Thompson, D.B.A., and Mysterud, A. 2016. Synergies and trade-offs between ecosystem services in an alpine ecosystem grazed by sheep - an experimental approach. Basic and Applied Ecology 17: 596-608.

Ross, L.C., Austrheim, G., Asheim, L.-J., Bjarnason, G., Feilberg, J., Fosaa, A.M., Hester, A., Holand, Ø., Jónsdóttir, I.S., Mortensen, L.E., Mysterud, A., Olsen, E., Skonhoft, A., Speed, J.D.M., Steinheim, G., Thompson, D.B.A., and Thórhallsdóttir, A.G. 2016. Sheep grazing in the North Atlantic region: a long-term perspective on environmental sustainability. Ambio 45: 551-566. (abstract)

Mysterud, A., and Austrheim, G. 2016. The role of individual traits and environmental factors for diet composition of a large herbivore in an alpine ecosystem. PlosOne 11(1): e0146217. [Open Access]
International papers - 2015 Speed, J.D.M., Martinsen, V., Hester, A.J., Holand, Ø., Mulder, J., Mysterud, A., and Austrheim, G. 2015. Continuous and discontinuous variation in ecosystem carbon stocks with elevation across a treeline ecotone. Biogeosciences 12: 1615-1627. Earlier version published as Biogeosciences Discussions 11: 15435-15461. [pdf].
International papers - 2014
In total 40 papers so far
Speed, J.D.M., Martinsen, V., Mysterud, A., Mulder, J., Holand, Ø., and Austrheim, G. 2014. Long-term increase in aboveground carbon stocks following grazer exclusion and forest expansion in alpine ecosystems. Ecosystems 17: 1138-1150. [recommended reading on Faculty1000, populært sammendrag]
Lanta, V., Austrheim, G., Evju, M., Klimešová, J., and Mysterud, A. 2014. Linking sheep density and grazing frequency to persistence of herb species in an alpine environment. Ecological Research 29: 411-420.
Austrheim, G., Speed, J.D.M., Martinsen, V., Mulder, J., and Mysterud, A. 2014. Experimental effects of herbivore density on aboveground plant biomass in an alpine grassland ecosystem. Arctic, Antartic, and Alpine Research 46: 535-541.
Blix, A., Mysterud, A., Loe, L.E., and Austrheim, G. 2014. Temporal scales of density-dependent habitat selection in a large grazing herbivore. Oikos 123: 933-942.

Mysterud, A., and Austrheim, G. 2014. Lasting effects of snow accumulation on summer performance of large herbivores in alpine ecosystems may not last. Journal of Animal Ecology 83: 712-719.
Mysterud, A., Rekdal, Y., Loe, L.E., Angeloff, M., Mobæk, R., Holand, Ø., and Strand, G.-H. 2014. Evaluation of landscape-level grazing capacity for domestic sheep in alpine rangelands. Rangeland Ecology & Management 67: 132-144.
International papers - 2013 Martinsen, V., Grund, F., Ness, M., de Wit, H.A., Austrheim, G., Mysterud, A., and Mulder, J. 2013. Differences in the quality of seepage water and runoff caused by plant community and grazing at an alpine site in Hol, southern Norway. Water, Air & Soil Pollution 224:1649.

Speed, J.D.M., Austrheim, G., Hester, A.J., and Mysterud, A. 2013. The response of alpine Salix shrubs to long-term browsing varies with elevation and herbivore density. Arctic, Antarctic, and Alpine Research 45: 584-593.
Mobæk, R., Mysterud, A., Holand, Ø., and Austrheim, G. 2013. Temporal variation in density dependent body growth of a large herbivore. Oikos 122: 421-427. [pdf]
Speed, J.A., Austrheim, G., and Mysterud, A. 2013. The response of plant diversity to grazing varies along an elevational gradient. Journal of Ecology 101: 1225-1236.
International papers - 2012 Mobæk, R., Mysterud, A., Holand, Ø., and Austrheim, G. 2012. Age class, density and temporal effects on diet composition of sheep in an alpine ecosystem. Basic and Applied Ecology 13: 466-474.[pdf]
 
Mobæk, R., Mysterud, A., Loe, L.E., Holand, Ø., and Austrheim, G. 2012. Experimental evidence for density dependent activity pattern of a large herbivore in an alpine ecosystem. Oikos 121: 1364-1369.[pdf]
  Speed, J.A., Austrheim, G., Hester, A., and Mysterud, A. 2012. Elevational advance of alpine plant communities is buffered by herbivory. Journal of Vegetation Science 23: 617-625.[pdf]
 
Martinsen, V., Mulder, J., Austrheim, G., Hessen, D.O., and Mysterud, A. 2012. Effects of sheep grazing on availability and leaching of soil nitrogen: controlled experiment in low-alpine grasslands. Arctic, Antartic, and Alpine Research 44:67-82.[pdf]
International papers - 2011 Martinsen, V., Mulder, J., Austrheim, G., and Mysterud, A. 2011. Carbon storage in low-alpine grassland soils: effects of different grazing intensities of sheep. European Journal of Soil Science 62: 822-833.[pdf]
  Martinsen, V., Austrheim, G., Mysterud, A., and Mulder, J. 2011. Effects of herbivory on N-cycling and distribution of added 15NH4+ in a N-limited low-alpine grassland system. Plant and Soil 347: 279-292.[pdf]
  Speed, J.A., Austrheim, G., Hester, A., and Mysterud, A. 2011. Browsing interacts with climate to determine tree ring increment. Functional Ecology 25: 1017-1023.[pdf]
 
Mysterud, A., Hessen, D.O., Mobæk, R., Martinsen, V., Mulder, J., and Austrheim, G. 2011. Plant quality, seasonality and sheep grazing in a northern alpine ecosystem. Basic and Applied Ecology 12: 195-206.[pdf]
  Evju M., Halvorsen, R., Rydgren, K., Austrheim, G. and Mysterud, A. 2011. Effects of sheep grazing and temporal variability on population dynamics of the clonal herb Geranium sylvaticum in an alpine habitat. Plant Ecology 212: 1299-1312.[pdf]

Speed, J.D.M., Austrheim, G., Hester, A.J., and Mysterud, A. 2011. Growth limitation of mountain birch caused by sheep browsing at the altitudinal treeline. Forest Ecology and Management 261: 1344-1352.[pdf]
International papers - 2010 Skonhoft, A., Austrheim, G., and Mysterud, A. 2010. A bioeconomic sheep-vegetation trade-off model. An analysis of the Nordic sheep farming system. Natural Resource Modelling 23: 354-380. [pdf]

Speed, J.A., Austrheim, G., Hester, A., and Mysterud, A. 2010. Experimental evidence for herbivore limitation of the treeline. Ecology 91: 3414-3420. [pdf]
  Evju M., Halvorsen, R., Rydgren, K., Austrheim, G., and Mysterud, A. 2010. Interactions between local climate and grazing determine the population dynamics of the small herb Viola biflora. Oecologia 163: 921-933.[pdf]
  Mysterud, A., Aaserud, R., Hansen, L.O., Åkra, K., Olberg, S., and Austrheim, G. 2010. Large herbivore grazing and invertebrates in an alpine ecosystem. Basic and Applied Ecology 11: 320-328. [pdf]
International papers - 2009 Asheim L. J., Mysterud, A. and Hegrenes, A. 2009. Assessing costs of reaching sustainable grazing levels for sheep in Alpine habitats. In: F. Pacheco, P. Morand-Fehr (eds): Changes in sheep and goat farming systems at the beginning of the 21 century. Research, tools, methods and initiatives in favour of sustainable development. Options Méditerranéennes, Série A. 91: 157-163.
 
Evju M., Austrheim, G., Halvorsen, R., and Mysterud, A. 2009. Grazing responses in herbs in relation to herbivore selectivity and plant traits in an alpine ecosystem. Oecologia 161: 77-85. [pdf]
 
Mobæk, R., Mysterud, A., Loe, L.E., Holand, Ø., and Austrheim, G. 2009. Density dependent and temporal variability in habitat selection by a large herbivore; an experimental approach. Oikos 118: 209-218. [pdf]
International papers - 2008 Austrheim, G., Mysterud, A., Pedersen, B., Økland, R.H., Hassel, K., and Evju, M. 2008. Large scale experimental effects of three levels of sheep densities on an alpine ecosystem. Oikos 117: 837-846. [pdf]
   Mysterud, A., and Austrheim, G. 2008. The effect of domestic sheep on forage plants of wild reindeer; a landscape scale experiment. European Journal of Wildlife Research 117: 837-846. [pdf]
 
Skonhoft, A. 2008. Sheep as captial goods and farmers as portfolio managers: a bioeconomic model of Scandinavian sheep farming. Agricultural Economics 38: 193-200. [pdf]
International papers - 2007 Asheim, L.J. 2007. The economy of alternative grazing regimes in Setesdals Vesthei and southern Hardangervidda. The Norwegian Agricultural Economics Research Institute. Discussion paper No. 2007–3: 1-49.
 
Austrheim, G., Mysterud, A., Hassel, K., Evju M., and Økland, R.H. 2007. Interactions between sheep, rodents, graminoids and bryophytes in an oceanic alpine ecosystem of low productivity. Ecoscience 14: 178-187. [pdf]
  

Loe, L.E., Mysterud, A., Stien, A., Steen, H., Evans, D., and Austrheim, G. 2007. Positive short term effects of sheep grazing on the alpine avifauna. Biology Letters 3: 109-111. [pdf]

 
Mysterud, A., Iversen, C., and Austrheim, G. 2007. Effects of season, density and weather on use of an altitudinal gradient by sheep. Applied Animal Behaviour Science 108: 104-113. [pdf]
International papers - 2006 Evju, M., Mysterud, A., Austrheim, G., and Økland, R.H. 2006. Selecting herb species and traits as indicators of sheep grazing pressure in a Norwegian alpine habitat. Ecoscience 13: 459-468. [pdf]
  

Kausrud, K., Mysterud, A., Rekdal, Y., Holand, Ø., and Austrheim, G. 2006. Density dependence in foraging behaviour of sheep on alpine pastures: effects of scale. Journal of Zoology 270: 63-71. [pdf]

   Mysterud, A. 2006. The concept of overgrazing and its role in management of large herbivores. Wildlife Biology 12: 129-141. [pdf]
International papers - 2005 Austrheim, G., Evju, M., and Mysterud, A. 2005. Herb abundance and life-history traits in two contrasting alpine habitats in southern Norway. Plant Ecology 179: 217-229. [pdf]
   Austrheim, G., Hassel, K., and Mysterud, A. 2005. The role of life history traits for bryophyte community patterns in two contrasting alpine regions. The Bryologist 108: 259-271. [pdf]
 
Mysterud, A., Hansen, L.O., Peters, C., and Austrheim, G. 2005. The short-term effect of sheep grazing on selected invertebrates (Diptera and Hemiptera) relative to other environmental factors in an alpine ecosystem. Journal of Zoology 266: 411-418. [pdf
   Steen, H., Mysterud, A., and Austrheim, G. 2005. Sheep grazing and rodent populations: evidence of negative interactions from a landscape scale experiment. Oecologia 143: 357-364 [pdf].  
PhD theses Mobæk, R. 2012. Density dependent foraging ecology and performance of domestic sheep on alpine ranges. PhD-thesis. The Norwegian University of  Life Sciences.

Martinsen, V. 2011. Effects of sheep grazing on cycling of carbon and nitrogen at a low-alpine site in S-Norway. PhD-thesis. The Norwegian University of  Life Sciences.

Evju, M. 2009. Sheep grazing and dynamics of alpine plants in a landscape-scale experiment. PhD-thesis. University of Oslo, Oslo.
Master theses Blix, A. 2012. Feedback processes in grazing ecosystems: Are sheep grazing in alpine habitats affecting long-term use and productivity? Master thesis. University of Oslo.

Rønning, E.-C.K. 2011 Sheep grazing effects on beetles (Coleoptera) in an alpine ecosystem. Master thesis. University of Oslo.

Johnsborg, M. 2006. Tetthetseffekter i norsk sauehold. - Konsekvenser for en privat aktørs likevektstilpasning. Master thesis. Norges teknisk-naturvitenskapelige Universitet.

Ehrlinger, A.K. 2006. Annual and density-dependent variation in foraging and growth rates of sheep on alpine pastures. Master thesis. University of Oslo.
  Aaserud, R. 2005. The effect of sheep grazing on beetles and spiders in an alpine ecosystem. Master thesis. University of Oslo.

Lindgren, S. 2005. Effekter av sauebeite på rekruttering og frøproduksjon hos småengkall (Rhinanthus minor ssp. minor L.) og småmarimjelle (Melampyrum sylvaticum L.) i alpint miljø. Master thesis. NTNU. [pdf]
  Iversen, C. 2004. Sheep foraging pattern in an altitudinal gradient at high and low density. Master thesis. Agricultural University of Norway, Ås.  
  Kausrud, K. 2004. Foraging behaviour of domestic sheep in high mountain pastures: dependence on scale and density. Master thesis. University of Oslo. [pdf
Presentation of the project (In Norwegian) Mysterud, A. & Austrheim, G. 2010. Beitekonfliktene i fjellet. Nationen 4. november.

Mysterud, A. & Austrheim, G. 2010. Mer aktiv beiteforvaltning. Nationen 20. oktober.

Mysterud, A. & Austrheim, G. 2007. Ny kunnskap om sauebeiting. Nationen 5. mars.
 

 Mysterud, A. & Austrheim, G. 2006. Økologiske effekter av sauebeiting i høyfjellet. Bioforsk FOKUS 1(3): 176-177.


"Verdt å vite" spesial på NRK P2 - 27. august 2004 - se oppslag. Kan høres på nettsidene til nrk. 
  Mysterud, A. & Austrheim, G. 2003. Ett år med beiting i Hol. Sau og Geit 56 (februar): 67-69. 
  Mysterud, A. & Austrheim, G. 2001. Økologiske effekter av sauebeiting i fjellet. Sau og Geit 54 (oktober): 52-53. 
  Mysterud, A., Austrheim, G. & Holand, Ø. 2000. Økologiske effekter av sauebeiting i høyfjellet. Kronikk. Nationen 15. november 2000, s. 18. 
Reviews of current knowledge of grazing effects (some in Norwegian)  Austrheim, G., Asheim, L.J., Bjarnason, G., Feilberg, J., Fosaa, A.M., Holand, Ø., Høegh, K., Jónsdóttir, I.S. Magnússon, B., Mortensen, L.E., Mysterud, A., Olsen, E., Skonhoft, A., Steinheim, G., and Thórhallsdóttir, A.G. 2008. Sheep grazing in the North-Atlantic region. A long term perspective on management, resource economy and ecology. – NTNU, Vitenskapsmuseet, Rapp. Zool. Ser. 2008, 3: 1-82. [pdf]
  Austrheim, G., Solberg, E.J., Mysterud, A., Daverdin, M. & Andersen, R. Hjortedyr og husdyr på beite i norsk utmark i perioden 1949-1999. – NTNU Vitenskapsmuseet Rapp. Zool. Ser. 2008, 2: 1-123. [pdf].

Bruteig, I.E., Austrheim, G. & Norderhaug, A. 2003. Utgreiingar i samband med ny rovviltmelding: Beiting, biologisk mangfold og rovviltforvaltning. NINA fagrapport 071: 65 pp. [pdf
  Mysterud, A. 2002. Overbeite i norsk utmark. Biolog 20 (3/4): 33-36. 
  Mysterud, A. & Mysterud, I. 2000. Økologiske effekter av husdyrbeiting i utmark: I. Interaksjoner mellom store beitedyr. Fauna 53 (1): 22-51.  
  Mysterud, A. & Mysterud, I. 2000. Økologiske effekter av husdyrbeiting i utmark: II. Effekter av beiting på vegetasjonen. Fauna 53 (2): 80-105.  
  Mysterud, A. & Mysterud, I. 2000. Økologiske effekter av husdyrbeiting i utmark: III. Påvirkning på mindre pattedyr, fugler og virvelløse dyr. Fauna 53 (2): 106-116.  
  Mysterud, A. & Mysterud, I. 1999. Bærekraftig bruk og forvaltning av Setesdals Vesthei og Ryfylkeheiene. En utredning med spesiell vekt på økologiske effekter av husdyrbeiting i utmark. Utmarksnæring i Norge 1-99: 1-197. (ISBN: 82-90934-69-6).