Example: Haldane's joke that he'd "lay down his life for two brothers or eight cousins" as they are each expected to carry resp. one half and one eighth of his own genes.
Example: Human trade-off between having many offspring or fewer, where fewer offspring allows for greater investment per offspring.
Example: Human desire for fats and sugars were probably advantagous when these were in shortage, but is now a health hazard.
Example: Spread of religions and science.
Example: Co-evolution between dairy farming and genes for processing milk (lactase).
With all of the above, risks of producing just so-explanations are great, and heavily criticized: ie. producing explanations that fit the facts, but without testable predictions. In terms of scientific position, evolutionary psychology and human behavioural ecology are the most prominent; few refer to themselves as sociobiologists, though that is probably partly due to hostility towards that term hosted by other sciences; memetics is hardly considered a science, though it has gained a lot of popular publicity; gene-culture co-evolution has so far been more theoretical than empirical.
Ref: "Sense & Nonsense" by Laland and Brown
The same applies to true positives, perhaps to an even stronger extent: that a true positive should not affect the test of an independent hypothesis. If this is not true, including a lot of false null-hypotheses, i.e. that would make true positives, would make the test liberal on the true null-hypotheses, causing more false positives.
If both RFP and RTP apply, this is robustness against positives: RP.
Several different approaches exist. Assume that the uncorrected P-values are ordered in increasing order: P1≤P2≤.... The aim is either to find corrected P-values, Ψi, or a procedure for determining which are considered statistically significant at the α level.
Following termination of avian exposure, there was a substantial incrementation in lung volume and, at this momente in time, it would appear that there has been a marginal degree of improvement in diffusing capacity.For the uninitiated, this means:
After the man stopped keeping birds, his lung volume increased and diffusing capasity apparently improved slightly.
Ref: "Successful scientific writing" by Matthews, Bowen and Matthews.
Ref: An Introduction to Java Thread Programming
Ref: NIST on SI, Romulus, UKmetrication.
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