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NATURHISTORISK MUSEUM - Seksjon for geologi  

History of collecting and publishing fossil Bryozoa from Svalbard.

List to accompany Nakrem (200x)

Baltazar Mathias Keilhau 1827/1831 Collected material, some published by von Buch

de Koninck (1846):
Fenestella [?Acanthocladia] anceps Schlotheim 1820
Fenestella retiformis Schlotheim 1820
Stenopora tasmaniensis Lonsdale 1844
S. ovata Lonsdale 1844

von Buch (1847):
Fenestella antiqua Lonsdale 1839

Salter (1860), Lamont (1860):
S. tasmaniensis Lonsdale 1844

Toula (1875):
Fenestella sp.
Phyllopora laubeï sp. nov.
Polypora cf. dendroides M'Coy 1844
Polypora cf. fastousa de Koninck 1873
Polypora grandis sp. nov.
Polypora sp.
Ramipora hochstetteri gen. & sp. nov.
Stenopora ramosa Geinitz 1861
Stenopora tuberosa Geinitz 1861

Lee (1908):
?Ramipora sp.
Fenestella cf. retiformis (Schlotheim, 1820)
Polypora sp.
Stenopora brucei n.sp.
Stenopora cidariformis n.sp.
Stenopora sp. indet

Holtedahl (1911):
Ascopora nodosa Fischer, 1837
Coscinium sellaeforme Trautschold, 1879
Fenestella elegantissima Stuckenberg, 1895
Fenestella sp.
Pinnatopora tenuis Eichwald, 1850 (Penniretepora)

Holtedahl (1913):
Archimedes sp.
Fenestella plebeia M'Coy, 1844
Fenestella sp.
Pinnatopora sp. (Penniretepora)
Polypora sp.
Rhombopora sp.
Stenopora(?) romanowskyi Stuckenberg, 1895

Stepanov (1921):
Coscinium dichotomum Stuckenberg, 1895.
Fenestella aff. geinitzi d'Orbigny, 1849
Fenestella plebeia M'Coy, 1844
Fenestella veneris Fischer, 1837
Fenestella virgosa Eichwald, 1860
Geinitzella (Stenopora) columnaris Schlotheim, 1816
Pinnatopora cf. grandis M'Coy, 1844
Polypora goldfussi Eichwald, 1860
Polypora (Polyporina
) orbicribrata Keyserling, 1846
Ramipora sp.
Synocladia virgulacea Phillips, 1829

Nikiforova (1936):
Fenestella aff. pulcherrima Shul'ga-Nesterenko 1936
Fenestella foraminosaeformis Shul'ga-Nesterenko 1936
Fenestella greenharbourensis sp. nov.
Fenestella sp. ex gr. basloensis Bassler 1929 var. magna Forma A Shul'ga-Nesterenko 1936
Fenestella spitzbergenensis sp. nov.
Polypora reteporidraeformis sp. nov.
Polypora timorensis Bassler 1929 var. greenharbourensis subsp. nov.
Ptylopora sp.
Ramipora hochstetteri Toula 1875.
Septopora synocladiaformis sp. nov.
Forbes, Harland & Hughes (1958):
"Geinitzella" sp.
Fenestella foraminosa Eichwald, 1860
Fenestella stschugorensis Shul'ga-Nesterenko, 1936
Fenestella bifida Eichwald, 1860
Fenestella cf. chapmani (Crockford, 1944)
Fenestella cf. quadratopora Shul'ga-Nesterenko, 1939
Fenestella exserta Laseron, 1918
Fenestella foraminosa Eichwald, 1860
Fenestella lunariostellata Shul'ga-Nesterenko, 1941
Fenestella permiana Stuckenberg, 1895
Fenestella plebeia M'Coy, 1844
Fenestella pseudovirgosa Nikiforova, 1938
Fenestella pulcherrima Shul'ga-Nesterenko, 1936
Fenestella pulchradorsalis Bassler, 1929
Fenestella shishovae Shul'ga-Nesterenko, 1941
Fenestella simulatrix (Crockford, 1946)
Fenestella solida Shul'ga-Nesterenko, 1941
Fenestella tenuiseptata Shul'ga-Nesterenko, 1941
Fenestella yabei Reed, 1927
Polypora cf. kolvae (Stuckenberg, 1895)
Polypora krutovi Stuckenberg, 1895
Polypora ornata Shul'ga-Nesterenko, 1939
Ramipora cf. hochstetteri Toula 1875
Rhombopora bigemmis Keyserling, 1846
Czarniecki (1964):
Archimedes aff. magnus Condra & Elias, 1944
Malecki (1968):
Fenestella (Septopora) sp.
Fenestella sp.
Polypora sp. cf. russiensis Shul'ga-Nesterenko, 1941
Ramipora cf. hochstetteri Toula, 1875
Stenopora dickinsi Ross, 1963 (Dyscritella?)
Tabulipora siedleckii sp. n. Malecki, 1968
Birkenmajer, Fedorowski & Smulikowski (1970):
Fenestella sp.
Goniocladia sp.
Rhabdomeson sp.
Lazutkina & Goryunova (1972):
Septopora spitzbergensis Lazutkina sp. n. 1972
Tabulipora greenlandensiformis Lazutkina sp. n. 1972
Malecki (1977):
Dyscritella bogatensis Morozova, 1970
Hinganella heintzi Malecki sp. n. 1977
Rhombotrypella cf. composita Nikiforova, 1939
Rhombotrypella cf. gigantea Ross & Ross, 1962
Septopora phyllata Malecki sp. n. Malecki, 1977
Stenopora dickinsi Ross, 1963
Stenopora jungersenensis Ross & Ross, 1962
Stenopora jungersenensis Ross & Ross, 1962
Streblascopora (Streblotrypa) fasciculata Bassler, 1929
Tabulipora greenlandensis Ross & Ross, 1962
Tabulipora greenlandensis Ross & Ross, 1962
Timanodictya nikiforovae Morozova, 1966
Morozova & Kruchinina (1986):
1. Spitsbergen, Kapp Starostin Formation.

Alternifenestella greenharbourensis (Nikiforova, 1936)
Alternifenestella spitzbergenensis (Nikiforova, 1936)
Dyscritella lucida Morozova, 1986
Dyscritella maleckii Morozova, 1986
Dyscritella minuta Morozova, 1986
Dyscritella savinansis Morozova, 1986
Dyscritella spinigera (Bassler, 1929)
Dyscritellina arctica Morozova, 1986
Dyscritellina fuglensis Morozova, 1986
Lyrocladia vera Morozova, 1986
Polypora kossjensis Ravikovich, 1948
Ramipora lepida Morozova, 1986
Rectifenestella compacta Morozova, 1986
Rhombotrypella alfredensis Morozova, 1986
Rhombotrypella insolita Morozova, 1986
Tabulipora aberrans Morozova, 1986
Tabulipora arcticensis Ross & Ross, 1962
2. Bjørnøya, Miseryfjellet Formation.
Anisotrypella certa Morozova, 1986 sp.nov.
Cyclotrypa distincta Morozova, 1986 sp.nov
Cyclotrypa eximia Morozova, 1986 sp.nov.
Dyscritella lucida Morozova, 1986
Dyscritella maleckii Morozova, 1986
Dyscritella minuta Morozova, 1986
Dyscritellina arctica Morozova, 1986
Dyscritellina fuglensis Morozova, 1986
Gilmoropora unica Morozova, 1986 gen. & sp.nov.
Polyporella optima Morozova, 1986 sp.nov.
Rectifenestella logica Morozova, 1986
Reteporidra tuncheimensis Morozova, 1986 sp.nov.
Rhombotrypella alfredensis Morozova, 1986 sp.nov.
Tabulipora aberrans Morozova, 1986 sp.nov.
Tabulipora greenlandensis Ross & Ross, 1962
Timanodictya nikiforovae Morozova, 1986 sp.nov.
Wjatkella assueta Morozova, 1986 sp.nov.
Nakrem (1988):
Hinganella henitzi Malecki, 1977
Septopora phyllata Malecki 1977

Nakrem (1991):
SPITSBERGEN
Wordiekammen Formation, Cadellfjellet/Kapitol Members:
Archimedes stuckenbergi Nikiforova, 1938
Ascopora magniseptata Shul'ga-Nesterenko, 1955
Ascopora muromensis Shul'ga-Nesterenko, 1955
Rhombotrypella arbuscula (Eichwald, 1860)
Rhombotrypella invulgata Trizna, 1948
Wordiekammen Formation, Tyrrellfjellet Member:
Alternifenestella bifida (Eichwald, 1860)
Ascopora sterlitamakensis Nikiforova, 1939
Ascoporella grandis (Kruchinina, 1973)
Coscinium cyclops Keyserling, 1846
Fabifenestella permiana (Stuckenberg, 1895)
Flexifenestella grandis (Shul'ga-Nesterenko, 1936)
Goniocladia tenuis Shul'ga-Nesterenko, 1933
Polypora kutorgae Stuckenberg, 1895
Ramiporidra minuta (Shul'ga-Nesterenko, 1933)
Rectifenestella veneris (Fi­scher, 1837)
Rhombotrypella invulgata Trizna, 1948
Kapp Starostin Formation:
Common species in the Vøringen Member:
Cyclotrypa distincta Morozova & Kruchinina, 1986
Cyclotrypa eximia Morozova & Kruchinina, 1986
Dyscritella narjanmarica Kruchinina, 1973
Meekopora magnus Nakrem 1995 [1994]
Polyporella borealis (Stuckenberg, 1895)
Polyporella subcrotilla (Trizna, 1950)
Ramipora sp. cf. hochstetteri Toula, 1875
Rectifenestella araxensis (Nikiforova, 1934)
Rhombotrypella alfredensis Morozova & Kruchinina, 1986
Rhombotrypella arbuscula (Eichwald, 1860)
Streblascopora germana (Bassler, 1929)
Tabulipora greenlandensis Ross & Ross, 1962
Timanodictya nikiforovae Morozova, 1966
The upper part of the Kapp Starostin Formation:
Alternifenestella greenharbourensis (Nikiforova, 1936)
Alternifenestella spitzbergenensis (Nikiforova, 1936)
Clausotrypa spinosa Fritz, 1932
Dyscritella parallela Morozova, 1970
Fabifenestella completa Morozova & Kruchinina, 1986
Gilmoropora heintzi (Malecki, 1977)
Lyrocladia vera Morozova & Kruchinina, 1986
Multilamellar ?Neoeridotrypella sp.
Permoheloclema merum Ozhgibesov, 1983
Polypora kossjensis Ravikovich, 1948
Primorella polita Romanchuk & Kiseleva, 1968
Ramipora hochstetteri Toula, 1875
Rectifenestella pseudoretiformis (Morozova, 1970)
Stenopora timanensis Morozova, 1970
Timanodictya nikiforovae Morozova, 1966
BJØRNØYA
Kapp Dunér Formation:
Rhombotrypella cf. stuc­ken­­bergi Nikiforova, 1938
Ascopora sterlitamakensis Nikiforova, 1939
Hambergfjellet Formation:
Dyscritella cf. narjanmarica Kruchinina, 1973
Polypora martis Fischer, 1837
Polyporella orientalis (Eichwald, 1860)
Polyporella perfecta Kruchinina & Morozova, 1986
Streblascopora germana (Bassler, 1929)
Timanodictya dichotoma (Stuckenberg, 1895)
Miseryfjellet Formation:
Dyscritella bogatensis Morozova, 1970
Gilmoropora heintzi (Malecki, 1977)
Kingopora micropora (Stuckenberg, 1895)
Lyrocladia cf. vera Morozova & Kruchinina, 1986
Permoheloclema merum Ozhgibesov, 1983
Polypora kossjensis Ravikovich, 1948
Polyporella optima Morozova & Kruchinina, 1986
Ramipora hochstetteri Toula, 1875
Rectifenestella cf. gijigensis (Nekhoroshev, 1959)
Rectifenestella retiformis (Schlotheim, 1816)
Rhombotrypella alfredensis Morozova & Kruchinina, 1986
Septopora synocladiaformis Nikiforova, 1936
Stenopora grandis Morozova, 1970
Tabulipora greenlandensis Ross & Ross, 1962
Timanodictya nikiforovae Morozova, 1966
Nakrem & Mørk (1991):
Paralioclema winsnesi sp.nov.
Paralioclema mariaholmensis sp.nov.
Paralioclema sp. cf. mariaholmensis
Sakagami (1992):
Fenestella” spp.
Alternifenestella greenharbourensis (Nikiforova, 1936)
Alternifenestella sp. cf. A. argumentosa Morozova
Alternifenestella spitzbergenensis (Nikiforova, 1936)
Clausotrypa monticola (Eichwald, 1
860)
Dyscritella maleckii Morozova & Kruchinina, 1986
Dyscritella porosa Morozova, 1970
Dyscritella speciosa Morozova, 1970
Dyscritella spp.
Fabifenestella completa Morozova & Kruchinina, 1986
Fistulipora hamadae Sakagami
Fistulipora sp.
Flexifenestella sp. cf. F. foraminosa (Eichwald, 1860)
Gilmoropora unica Morozova & Kruchinina, 1986
Permofenestella sp. cf. P. probata Morozova
Permoheloclema merum Ozhgibezov, 1983
Polypora brevicellata Baranaova, 1960
Polypora sp. cf. P. ignota Morozova
Polypora sp. cf. P. kossjensis Ravikovich, 1948
Polypora sp. cf. P. mariae Ravikovich, 1948
Polypora spp.
Primorella polita Romantchuk & Kiseleva, 1968
Pseudobatostomella sp. indet.
Ramipora hochstetteri Toula 1875
Rectifenestella sp. cf. R. retiformis (Schlotheim, 1820)
Reteporidra sp. indet.
Rhombopora? sp. indet.
Rhombotrypella alfredensis Morozova & Kruchinina, 1986
Shulgapora sp. indet.
Stenopora sp. indet.
Stenopora thula Ross & Ross, 1962
Streblascopora vera Morozova & Kruchinina, 1986
Streblotrypa sp.
Tabulipora aberrans Morozova & Kruchinina, 1986
Tabulipora greenlandensis Ross & Ross 1962
Tabulipora siedlecki Malecki, 1968
Tabulipora sp. indet.
Timanodictya nikiforovae Morozova, 1966
Nakrem (1994):
?Ascoporella sp. A.
?Shulgapora sp.
Acanthocladia cf. rhombicellata Shul'ga-Nesterenko, 1955
Alternifenestella bifida (Eichwald, 1860)
Alternifenestella subquadratopora (Shul'ga-Nesterenko, 1952)
Alternifenestella cf. tenuiseptata (Shul'ga-Nesterenko, 1941)
Archimedes sp. A.
Archimedes sp. B.
Ascopora muromensis Shul'ga-Nesterenko, 1955
Ascopora oblonga (Nikiforova, 1933)
Ascopora sterlitamakensis Nikiforova, 1939
Ascopora sp. A.
Ascoporella grandis (Kruchinina, 1973)
Coscinium cyclops Keyserling, 1846
Eridopora sp.
Fabifenestella sp. A.
Fabifenestella sp. B.
Flexifenestella cf. grandis (Shul'ga-Nesterenko, 1936)
Goniocladia cf. tenuis Shul'ga-Nesterenko, 1933
Hinaclema svalbardensis n.sp. Nakrem, 1994 (not Hinaclema, Gorjunova, pers. comm.. 1997)
Penniretepora subtila (Shul'ga-Nesterenko, 1941)
Polypora martis Fischer de Waldheim, 1837
Polypora sulaensis Nikiforova, 1938
Polypora voluminosa Trizna & Klautsan, 1961
Ptylopora sp. A.
Ramiporidra cf. minuta (Shul'ga-Nesterenko, 1933)
Ramiporidra cf. variolata (Shul'ga-Nesterenko, 1933)
Rectifenestella microporata (Shul'ga-Nesterenko, 1939)
Rectifenestella submicroporata (Shul'ga-Nesterenko, 1952)
Rectifenestella cf. ornata (Shul'ga-Nesterenko, 1939)
Rhabdomeson sp.
Rhombopora sp. A.
Rhombotrypella dvinensis Shul'ga-Nesterenko, 1955
Rhombotrypella rectangulata Shul'ga-Nesterenko, 1955
Tabulipora sp.
Timanodictya sp. A.
Nakrem (1994):
?Dyscritella sp. encrusting Tabulipora sp.
Cyclotrypa sp. encrusting a bored brachiopod spine
Rectifenestella sp.
Alternifenestella sp.
?Hinaclema sp.
Nakrem (1995, dated 1994):
Alternifenestella bifida (Eichwald, 1860)
Alternifenestella subquadratopora (Shul'ga-Nesterenko, 1952)
Alternifenestella cf. greenharbourensis (Nikiforova, 1936)
Alternifenestella cf. minuscula Morozova, 1986
Alternifenestella sp. A
Clausotrypa monticola (Eichwald, 1860)
Cyclotrypa distincta Morozova, 1986
Cyclotrypa eximia Morozova, 1986
Dyscritella bogatensis Morozova, 1970
Dyscritella minuta Morozova, 1986
Dyscritella sp. A
Fabifenestella sp. B
Fenestella akselensis n.sp. Nakrem, 1995 [for 1994]
Fenestella reversicnotta n.sp. Nakrem, 1995 [for 1994]
Girtyporina sp.
Goniocladia sp.
Lyropora serissima n.sp. Nakrem, 1995 [for 1994]
Meekopora magnusi n.sp. Nakrem, 1995 [for 1994]
Penniretepora sp. B
Permoheloclema merum Ozhgibesov, 1983
Polypora brevicellata Baranova, 1960
Polypora martis Fischer de Waldheim, 1837
Polypora sp.
Polyporella biarmica (Keyserling, 1846)
Polyporella borealis (Stuckenberg, 1895)
Primorella cf. polita Romanchuk & Kiselëva, 1968
Protoretepora sp. A
Ramipora cf. hochstetteri Toula, 1875
Rectifenestella microporata (Shul'ga-Nesterenko, 1939)
Rectifenestella retiformis (Schlotheim, 1816)
Rectifenestella sp. A
Rectifenestella sp. B
Rhombotrypella alfredensis Morozova, 1986
Rhombotrypella arbuscula (Eichwald, 1860)
Rhombotrypella sp.
Stenopora thula Ross & Ross, 1962
Streblascopora germana (Bassler, 1929)
Tabulipora siedleckii Malecki, 1968
Tabulipora sp. A
Timanodictya nikiforovae Morozova, 1966
Nakrem & Spjeldnæs (1995):
Ramipora hochstetteri Toula
Nakrem (2002):
"Ptylopora" sp. A (?new genus)
(?)Hederella sp.
A. cf. basloensis (Bassler 1929)
A. cf. pulcherrima (Shul'ga-Nesterenko 1941)
A. pseudovirgosa (Nikiforova 1938)
Alternifenestella bifida (Eichwald 1860)
Archimedes sp. A
Ascopora cf. oblonga (Nikiforova 1933)
Clausotrypa cf. ramosa (Owen 1973)
Exfenestella(?) spp.
Fistulipora cf. incrustans (Phillips 1836)
Fistulipora sp.
Flexifenestella cf. foraminosa (Eichwald 1860)
Goniocladia sp.
Laxifenestella(?) spp.
P. cf. rhombocellata (Nikiforova 1938)
Penniretepora cf. longicellata (Morozova 1955)
Penniretepora spp.
Polypora cf. sulaensis Nikiforova 1938
Polyporella cf. gracilis (Nikiforova 1938)
Rectifenestella cf. veneris (Fischer 1866)
Rectifenestella rudis (Cubifenestella by Snyder 1991a)
Rhombopora sp.
Rhombotrypella cf. dvinensis Shul'ga-Nesterenko 1955
Rhombotrypella cf. rectangulata Shul'ga-Nesterenko 1955
Nakrem (2005):
Ramipora hochstetteri Toula, 1875
Fistulipora jakovlevi Nikiforova, 1933
Neoeridotrypella sp.
Anisotrypella sp.
Stenopora grandis Morozova, 1970
Stellahexaformis sp.
Gilmoropora heintzi (Malecki, 1977)
Timanodictya nikiforovae Morozova, 1966
Permoheloclema merum Ozhgibesov, 1983
Clausotrypa monticola (Eichwald, 1860)
Primorella polita Romantchuk & Kiseleva, 1968
Rectifenestella pseudoretiformis (Morozova, 1970)
Alternifenestella greenharbourensis (Nikiforova, 1936)
Fabifenestella sp.
Septopora sp.
Polyporella perfecta Kruchinina, 1986
Kingopora micropora (Stuckenberg, 1895)

References:
Birkenmajer, K., Fedorowski, J. & Smulikowski, W. 1970. Igneous and fossiliferous sedimentary drift pebbles in marine Tertiary of Torell Land, Spitsbergen. Norsk Polarinstitutt Årbok 1970, 146-164.

Czarniecki, S. 1964. Occurrence of genus Archimedes (Hall) in Hornsund, Vestspitsbergen. Studia Geologica Polonica 11, 147-153.

de Koninck, L. 1846. Notice sur quelkques fossiles du Spitzberg. Bulletin de l’Academie Royal de Belgique − Classe de Sciences 13, 592-596.

Forbes, C. L., Harland, W. B. & Hughes, N. F. 1958. Paleontologi­cal evidence for the age of the Carboniferous and Permian rocks of Spitsbergen. Geological Magazine 95: 465-490.

Holtedahl, O. 1911. Zur Kenntnis der Karbonablagerungen des Westlichen Spitzbergens. I. Eine Fauna der Moskover Stufe. Videnskapsselskapets Skrifter. I. Matematisk-Natur­vitenskapelig Klasse 10, 1-46.

Holtedahl, O. 1913. Zur Kenntnis der Karbonablagerungen des Westlichen Spitzbergens. II. Allgemeine stratigraphischer und tectonischer Beobachtungen. Videnskaps­selskapets Skrifter. I. Matematisk-Naturvitenskapelig Klasse 23, 1-91.

Keilhau, B. M. 1831. Reise i Öst- og Vest-Finmarken samt til Beeren-Eiland og Spitsbergen, i Aarene 1827 og 1828. Johan Krohn, Christiania [Oslo], 247 pp.

Lazutkina, O. F. & Goryunova, R. V. 1972. Novye rannepermskie mshanki Shpitsbergena, Pamira i Darvaza [New early Permian bryozoa from Spitsbergen, the Pamirs and Darvaz]. In: Novyye vidy drevnikh rasteniy i bespozvonochnykh SSSR. Akad. NAUK SSSR Moscow, 166-168.

Lamont, J. 1860. Notes about Spitzbergen in 1859. Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society, London 16, 428-438.

Lee, G. W. 1908. Notes on fossils from Prince Charles Foreland, brought home by Dr. William S. Bruce in 1906 and 1907. Proceedings of the Royal Physical Society (Edinburgh) 17, 149-166.

Malecki, J. 1968. Permian bryozoans from the Tokrossøya beds, Sørkappland, Vest­spitsbergen. Studia Geologica Polonica 21, 7-32.

Malecki, J. 1977. Permian bryozoans from Southern Spitsbergen and Bjørnøya. Studia Geologica Polonica 51, 75-87.

Morozova, I. P. & Kruchinina, O. N. 1986. Permskie mshanki Arktiki (Zapadnyi Sektor) [The Permian bryo­zoans of the Arctic Region (Western Sector)]. Akademiya Nauk SSSR, 1-144. Nauka, Moscow.

Nakrem, H. A. 1988. Permian bryozoans from southern Spits­bergen and Bjørnøya. A review of bryozoans described by J. Malecki (1968, 1877). Polar Research 6, 113-121.

Nakrem, H. A. 1991. Distribution of bryozoans in the Permian succes­sion of Sval­bard (preliminary data). In: Bryzoaires actuels et fossiles : Bryozoa living and fossil (edited by F. P. Bigey and J.-L. d'Hondt). Bulletin de la Société des Sciences Naturelles de l'Ouest de la France, Mémoire HS 1, 291-298. Nantes, France.

Nakrem, H. A. 1994a. Middle Carboniferous-Lower Permian bryozoans from Spitsbergen. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica 39 (1), 45-116.

Nakrem, H. A. 1994b. Environmental distribution of bryozoans in the Permian of Spitsbergen. In Hayward, P. J., Ryland, J. S. & Taylor, P. D. (eds): Biology and Palaeobiology of Bryozoans. 133-137. Olsen & Olsen, Fredensborg.

Nakrem, H. A. 1995. Bryozoans from the Lower Permian Vøringen Member (Kapp Starostin Formation), Spitsbergen (Svalbard). Norsk Polarinstitutt Skrifter 196, 92 pp. [Dated 1994]

Nakrem, H. A. 2002. A Moscovian (Carboniferous) bryozoan buildup from Svalbard. In: Wyse Jackson, P., Buttler, C. & Spencer Jones, M. (Eds.) Bryozoan Studies 2001, 239-245. Swets & Zeitlinger, Lisse.

Nakrem, H. A. Some middle Permian bryozoans from Svalbard , Arctic Norway. I: Bryozoan Studies 2004 . Great Britain : Taylor & Francis Books 2005. ISBN 0415372933. p. 197-205

Nakrem, H. A. & Mørk, A. 1991. New Early Triassic Bryozoa (Trepostomata) from Spitsber­gen, with some remarks on the stratigraphy of the investigated horizons. Geological Magazine 128, 129-140.

Nakrem, H. A. & Spjeldnæs, N. 1995. Ramipora hochstetteri Toula, 1875 (Bryozoa, Cystoporata), from the Permian of Svalbard. Journal of Paleontology 69 (5), 831-838.

Nikiforova, A. I. 1936. Nekotorye nizhnepermskie mshanki c Novoi Zemli i Shpitsbergena [Some Lower Permian Bryozoa from Novaya Zemlya and Spitzbergen]. Trudy Arkticheskogo Instituta 58,113-141.

Sakagami, S. 1992. Notes on the Permian bryozoans from the Kapp Starostin Formation at Festningen route, Spitsbergen. In Nakamura, K. (Ed.) Investigations on the Upper Carboniferous-Upper Permian Succession of West Spitsbergen 1989-1991, 39-57. Sapporo.

Salter, J. W. 1860 Note on the fossils from Spitzbergen. Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society, London 16, 439-442.

Stepanov, P. I. 1921. Kratkaya zametka o faune mshanok c Medvezh’ego ostrova [A brief note in the bryozoan fauna from Bjørnøya]. Izvestiya geologicheskago komiteta 40(26) 78-82. [In Russian with French summary].

Toula, F. 1875. Permo-Carbon-Fossilen von der Westküste von Spits­bergen. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Geologie & Paläontologie 1875, 225-264.
von Buch, L. 1847. Über Spirifer Keilhavii, über dessen Fundort und Verhältniss zu Ähnlichen Formen. Abhandlungen der Königlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften 1846, 65-80. Berlin.

Yakovlev, N. N. 1921. O poezdke na Medvezhii ostrov letom 1921 goda [A journey to Bjørnøya in 1921]. Izvestiya geologicheskago komiteta 40(26), 65-77.


© Hans Arne Nakrem, Geological Museum, University of Oslo, Norway.