Appendixes

Bibliography

Select discography

Webpages

 

Appendixes

 

Appendix 1

 

Message sent to members of Facebook-group Addicted to house music in May/June 2007:

 

IÕm writing you this message since you are a member of the group ÒAddicted to house musicÓ. I am doing a PhD-project that concerns house music and I would appreciate it if you would be so kind to participate in a little experiment – please, answer the following questions.

1. Do you recognize this beat: Poum-tchak-poum-tchak-poum-tchak-poum-tchak? (ÒPoumÓ representing a bass drum sound, and ÒtchakÓ a hi-hat sound – or similar)

2. If you nod your head (not dance) to this beat will your head instinctively go down with the ÒpoumÓ and up with the ÒtchakÓ?

3. If you hear only – tchak – tchak – tchak – tchak (usually played with a hi-hat) – will you nod your head as if the ÒpoumÓ (the bass drum) was present?

If you are a DJ or/and a producer I would be happy if you just wrote a few lines about how you believe movement interact with your work - how/if you try out beats through moving.

Greetings Hans

 

Appendix 2

 

Invitations to the students to participate in the survey (English translation below).

 

KjŸre musikkstudent. Du fŒr denne mail siden du var registrert som student ved musikkvitenskap h¿sten 2007. Jeg holder pŒ med et forskningsprosjekt som bl.a. handler om musikk og bevegelse. I den forbindelse ¿nsker jeg Œ unders¿ke i hvilken grad vi beveger oss likt eller ulikt i forhold til rytmiske strukturer i musikken. Jeg har laget en liten nettbasert unders¿kelse med et par lydeksempler og et par sp¿rsmŒl knyttet til hver av disse, og jeg tror ikke det skulle ta deg mer en ca. fem minutter Œ besvare. HŒper du vil ta deg tid til dette og pŒ forhŒnd takk for hjelpen.

Hilsen Hans T. Zeiner-Henriksen (PhD-stipendiat ved Inst. for musikkvitenskap)

 

Du har blitt invitert til Œ svare pŒ skjemaet "Unders¿kelse om rytme og bevegelse".

 

Du finner dette skjemaet pŒ:

https://nettskjema.uio.no/answer.html?fid=39328&lang=no

 

Skjemaet er Œpent fra og med 01.02.2008

Skjemaet er Œpent til og med 28.02.2008

 

Besvarelsene i denne sp¿rreunders¿kelsen er anonyme. Les mer om anonymitet pŒ http://www.usit.uio.no/it/nettskjema/hjelp/#anonymitet

 

 

Translation:

Dear music student. You are receiving this e-mail since you were registered as a student at the Department of Musicology second semester 2007. I am working on a research project dealing with music and movement. In this relation I want to explore to what extent we move similarly or differently to rhythmic structures in music. I have made a brief web-based survey with a couple of sound excerpts and a few questions connected to these, and I believe it will only take you about five minutes to answer. I hope you will find time to do this and beforehand, thanks for helping me.

Greetings Hans T. Zeiner-Henriksen (Ph.D.-student at the Department of Musicology)

 

You have been invited to response to the form ÒSurvey on rhythm and movement.Ó

 

You will find the form at:

https://nettskjema.uio.no/answer.html?fid=39328&lang=no

 

The form is open from 01.02.2008

The form is open until 28.02.2008

 

The responses in this survey are anonymous. Read more on anonymity on

http://www.usit.uio.no/it/nettskjema/hjelp/#anonymitet

 

Appendix 3:

 

 

Survey on rhythm and movement (English translation below).

 

 

  

 

  

 


 

    

  

  

 

 

 

Translation:

Response to Survey on rhythm and movement

This is a survey related to my PhD-research at the Department of Musicology, University of Oslo, Norway. I am studying correspondences between structures or patterns in music and body movements – primarily in electronic dance music.

Answering the survey is ideally done in the following manner:

Sit in front of your computer and make sure you can hear sound from it – either through earphones or speakers (preferably of some quality).

1. Read the questions

2. Listen to the music and try to recognize the sounds I am asking for.

3. Start the excerpt again and move your head or your upper body without focusing on the questions.

4. When a movement is established, focus on the questions and decide for an alternative.

If you have problems understanding the questions or you donÕt know what to answer just use the ÒDonÕt knowÓ-alternative and go on to the next question.

Good luck!

 

The responses to this survey are anonymous. Questions marked with * are obligatory. You have to send in your response or save it before thirty minutes (if not the questionnaire is reset and what you have filled in is deleted).

 

1.

 

1.1. Sex: Male/Female   1.2. Age

 

2.

 

2.1. Primarily performer of Pop/rock, Jazz, Classical, Folk Music, Others

    2.2. Primarily listener of Pop/rock, Jazz, Classical, Folk Music, Others

    2.3. Listened/danced a lot to House/Dance/Techno? Yes, No, Some

 

3. Chuck Berry: Maybellene (1955)

 

3.1. Listen for the snare drum sound. Move your head and/or your upper body up and down. Do the movements go up or down with the snare drum? Up, Down, DonÕt know

3.2. If you count what you consider is the pulse, does the snare drum sound hit 2 and 4 or between the beats (on the ÒandÓ)? 2 and 4, Between the beats, DonÕt know

 

4.  The Beginning of the End: "Funky Nassau" (1971)

 

4.1. Listen for the cymbal sound that after a while is repeated between the beats. Move your head and/or your upper body up and down. Do the movements go up or down with the cymbal? Up, Down, DonÕt know

 

5. Daft Punk: "PhÏnix" (1996)

5.1. Move your head and/or your upper body up and down. Do the movements go up or down with the bass drum sound? Up, Down, DonÕt know

5.2. Continue the movements when the hi-hat enters. Do the movements change direction? Yes, No, DonÕt know

5.3. Do the movements go up or down with the hi-hat sound? Up, Down, DonÕt know

5.4. Are the movements experienced differently after the hi-hat enters? Yes, No, DonÕt know

5.5. If yes, how is the difference experienced? Stronger pull upwards, Stronger pull downwards, Stronger, but not in any direction, Weaker, DonÕt know

 

6. Chemical Brothers: ÒStar GuitarÓ (2002)

 

6.1. Half way through this excerpt a similar hi-hat pattern enters (as in the last excerpt). Move your head and/or your upper body up and down. Do the movements go up or down with the hi-hat? Up, Down, DonÕt know

6.2. Are the movements experienced differently after the hi-hat pattern enters? Yes, No, DonÕt know

 

6.3. If yes, how is the difference experienced? Stronger pull upwards, Stronger pull downwards, Stronger, but not in any direction, Weaker, DonÕt know

 

7. 808 State: ÒCŸbikÓ (1990) – modified

 

7.1. Move your head and/or your upper body up and down. After four bars a hi-hat-pattern enters. Do the movements go up or down with the hi-hat? Up, Down, DonÕt know

 

8. Listening with or without movements.

Listen to the five excerpts again while you alternate between moving your body and sitting concentrated without moving.

 

8.1. Do you experience the listening more satisfying/engaging while moving or not moving? While moving, While sitting concentrated without moving, Just as satisfying/engaging, Just as satisfying/engaging, but in a different manner, Varying related to the different excerpts, DonÕt know


 

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Reid, Gordon 2002a. Synth Secrets: Practical Bass Drum Synthesis. Sound on Sound. February.

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Reynolds, Simon. 1999. Generation Ecstasy: Into the World of Techno and Rave Culture. New York: Routledge.

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Roads, Curtis. 1996. The Computer Music Tutorial. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press

Roker, Raymond Leon. 1999. Jaxx Attack. Urb, 9/67: 54–59.

Rose, Tricia. 1994. Black Noise: Rap Music and Black Culture in Contemporary America. Middletown, Connecticut: Wesleyan University Press.

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Rule, Greg. 1997. Water Into Acid: The Chemical Brothers Blow Up. Keyboard. June. (In Electro Shock! Groundbreakers of Synth Music, edited by Greg Rule. San Francisco: Miller Freeman: 2–16.)

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Sutcliffe, Phil. 1989. Acid House: The Selling of Smiley Culture. Q. January.

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Select discography

 

808 State. 1990. CŸbik, Tommy Boy. (CŸbik, (Kings County Perspective)).

Ark. 2001. Le Magicien D'os, Brif Records. (Subcubz).

Astral Projection. 1997. Dancing Galaxy, Transient.

Basement Jaxx. 1999. Remedy, XL Recordings. (Jump nÕ Shout, Red Alert).

Basement Jaxx. 1999. Red Alert, XL Recordings/Astralwerks. (Red Alert Jaxx Club Mix).

Basement Jaxx. 2001. Rooty, XL Recordings. (WhereÕs Your Head At).

The Beginning of the End. 1971. Funky Nassau, Alston. (CD: 2001, Scorpio).

Blige, Mary J. 1999. Mary, MCA. (Let No Man Put Asunder).

Cerrone. 1976. Love in ÔCÕ Minor, Malligator. (CD: 1992, Malligator).

Chuck Berry. 1959. Chuck Berry Is on Top, Chess. (CD: 1990, MDA) (Maybellene).

The Chemical Brothers. 1999. Surrender, Virgin. (Out of Control).

The Chemical Brothers. 2002. Come With Us, Virgin. (Star Guitar).

Daft Punk. 1996. Homework, Virgin. (Daftendirekt, Revolution 909, PhÏnix, Around the World, Teachers, High Fidelity, RockÕn Roll, BurninÕ).

Elliott, Missy ÒMisdemeanor.Ó 2002. 4 My People, Elektra. (4 My People Basement Jaxx Remix Radio Edit, 4 My People Original Radio Edit).

Emerson, Lake & Palmer. 1970. Emerson, Lake & Palmer, Rhino. (CD: 1996, Rhino) (Lucky Man).

Emerson, Lake & Palmer. 1970. Pictures at an Exhibition, Rhino. (CD: 1996, Rhino) (The Curse of Baba Yaga).

Everything but the Girl. 1994. Amplified Heart, Blanco y Negro Records. (Missing, Missing (Todd Terry Remix)).

Everything but the Girl. 1999. Temperamental, Virgin. (Five Fathoms).

Fritz Valley Project. 1998. Blindness, Transfusion. (Blindness (Harmonic Excursion)).

Hercules and Love Affair. 2008. Blind. DFA, EMI Records.

Led Zeppelin. 1973. Houses of the Holy, Atlantic. (DÕYer MakÕer)

Lee-Cabrera. 2003. Shake It (Move a Little Closer), Credence.

Lord of the Drums. 1999. Slept 2 Gether, Xtra Nova.

Madonna. 2008. Hard Candy, Warner Bros. (Give It 2 Me).

Medway. 1998. The Resurrection EP, Hooj Choons.

Mocean Worker. 2000. Aural & Hearty, Palm. (Air Suspension, Waiting for Verdeaux).

Parliament. 1977. Funkentelechy Vs. the Placebo Syndrome, Casablanca. (CD: 1990, Casablanca) (Flash Light).

Prydz, Eric. 2004. Call on Me, Data UK.

Rin™Žr™se. 2002. Music Kills Me, V2. (ItÕs Time to Go Now!, Dead Flower). 

Romanthony. 2000. R.Hide in Plain Site, Glasgow Underground. (Down 4 You, Floorpiece).

The Roots. 1996. Illadelph Halflife, DGC. (What They Do).

Second Phase. 1991. Mentasm, R & S Records.

Shazz. 2001. FallinÕ In Love, Epic.

Staton, Candy. 1976. Young Hearts Run Free, Warner Bros. (CD: 2001, Bianco).

Summer, Donna. 1975. Love to Love You Baby, Casablanca. (CD: 1992, Polygram).

Sylvester. 1978. Step II, Fantasy. (You Make Me Feel (Mighty Real)).

Underworld. 1993. Dubnobasswithmyheadman, Junior BoyÕs Own. (Dark & Long).

 

Compilations:

 

Atlantic Jaxx Recordings: A Compilation. 2001. Atlantic Jaxx. (Basement JaxxÕs: Samba Magic, Basement JaxxÕs Fly Life).

History of House. 2001. 4 Music. (First ChoiceÕs Let No Man Put Asunder, Jesse SaundersÕs On and On, AdonisÕs No Way Back, Marshall JeffersonÕs Move Your Body, Joe SmothÕs Promised Land, Inner CityÕs Big Fun).

The Hits of House. 1999. Crimson. (Steve ÒSilkÓ HurleyÕs Jack Your Body).

Saturday Session. 2002. Stefano Cecchi Records. (HypnofunkÕs Boogie Drama).

 


Webpages:

 

1.1 Interview with Steve Dahl on NBC-TV:

http://youtube.com/watch?v=8a_hBR9YuNw

 

1.2 Webpage for the Disco Demolition Night: 

http://whitesoxinteractive.com/History&Glory/DiscoDemolition.htm

 

1.3 IshkurÕs guide to Electronic Music:

http://techno.org/electronic-music-guide/music.swf

 

1.4 WikipediaÕs list of electronic music genres:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_electronic_dance_music_genres

 

2.1 Vintage Synth Explorer:                                              

http://www.vintagesynth.com

 

2.2 Synthmuseum.com:                                                      

http://www.synthmuseum.com

 

2.3 TR-808 resource site:                                                                      

http://www.smd-records.com/Websites/TR%2D808/

 

3.1 EveryHit.com, UK Top 40 Database:                               

http://www.everyhit.co.uk

 

3.2 Aerobicmix.com:                                                          

http://www.aerobicmix.com/

 

4.1 Discussion on djforums.com:

http://www.djforums.com/forums/showthread.php?t=106441&page=2

 

6.1 Discogs: a community-built database of music information:

http://www.discogs.com/

 

7.1 The AHRC Research Centre for the History and Analysis of Recorded Music:

http://www.charm.rhul.ac.uk/index.html

 

7.2 The Art of Record Production:    

http://www.artofrecordproduction.com

 

7.3 Globe Audio Recording and Production:

http://www.globerecording.com/visuals/visuals.html

 

8.1 Roland Alpha Juno overview:

http://homepage.mac.com/synth_seal/html/ajuno1a.html