Introduction

There is high level research activity and common research interest in the topic of water waves including internal waves and surface waves in universities in Norway and Scotland, as well as existing embryonic collaborations on the subject between research groups in the two countries. This specialist symposium is organised under the auspices of the agreement signed in 2005 between the Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters (DNVA) and The Royal Society of Edinburgh (RSE) to promote increased collaboration between the two national academies and the research communities in their respective countries. This 3rd Norway-Scotland DNVA-RSE waves symposium is a follow-up of two highly successful previous symposia, held 14-15 October 2008 in the Norwegian Academy in Oslo and 1-2 November 2010 in RSE in Edinburgh. A 4th symposium is planned in Scotland 2015 to review collaborative research progress in the intervening period and to enhance sustainable collaborations in future years.

Topics of this year's symposium include: internal waves, ocean surface waves, tsunamis and renewable energy in the ocean environment, reflecting the activities in the current research projects of the Norwegian and Scottish groups. Internal waves, ocean surface waves and tsunamis (e.g. in fjords) are studied by scientists in applied mathematics, physics, engineering and earth sciences. In the open sea, the waves carry large amounts of energy. Research on internal waves relates to ocean circulation studies, and in the more general context, to climate research. The detailed knowledge of surface waves is particularly of direct industrial relevance to offshore engineering including installations for renewable energy and hazards in UK and Norwegian waters.

The main aims of the Symposium will be (i) to expose the present scope of research activity relating to water waves in the individual countries, (ii) to provide advanced knowledge to Norwegian and Scottish graduate students working in this area, (iii) to explore in detail the initiation of new bi- or multi-lateral collaborative research projects involving Norwegian and Scottish scientists in this area and the extension and strengthening of existing cross-national collaborations of this kind, (iv) to identify fundamental, applied and industrial research problems with water waves that are relevant in Norway and Scotland as well as internationally and (v) to promote the appropriate transfer of academic research advances to the industrial (offshore) sector.

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