Selected Works of Michael Wallerstein, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 2008. (co-edited

with David Austen-Smith, Jeffry A. Frieden, Miriam A. Golden and Adam Przeworski)

Understanding Choice, Explaining Behaviour - Essays in Honour of Ole-Jørgen Skog, Oslo Academic Press, 2006. (co-edited with Aanund Hylland, Olav Gjelsvik and Jon Elster)

Likhet under Press. Utfordringer for den skandinaviske fordelingsmodellen.
(Equality under Pressure. Challenges for the Scandinavian Model of Distribution). Gyldendal Norsk Forlag. Oslo, 2003. (with E. Barth and M.l Wallerstein).

Trade Union Behaviour, Pay Bargaining and Economic Performance, Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1993. (with R.Flanagan and M.Wallerstein.)

Marked uten kapitalisme: økonomisk demokrati med selveide bedrifter (Markets without capitalists), Ad Notam, Oslo,1990.
(written in Norwegian together with T. Ognedal)

Alternatives to Capitalism, co-edited with J.Elster, Cambridge University Press, 1989.

Produksjonsteori (Theories of production), Universitetsforlaget, Oslo, l987. (textbook written in Norwegian together with M. Hoel)

Articles in English

" The Social Upper Class under Social Democracy" Nordic Economic Policy Review , 2016.

" Guest workers as a barrier to democratization in oil-rich countries" In Kjetil Selvik & Bjørn Olav Utvik (ed.), Oil States in the New Middle East: Uprisings and stability. Routledge. ISBN 978-1-13-888834-0. 4. s 57 – 69, 2016. (with Halvor Mehlum & Gry Tengmark Østenstad)

" Corruption control" Crime, law and social change. ISSN 0925-4994. 66, s 147- 163 . , 2016. (with Tina Søreide)

" The Preference for Belief Consonance" Journal of Economic Perspectives, 2016. (with Russell Golman, George Loewenstein and Luca Zarri)

" The Equality Multiplier: How Wage Compression and Welfare Empowerment Interact" Journal of the European Economic Association, 2016. (with Erling Barth)

" The universal basic share and social incentives", 2016. (with Debraj Ray)

" Missing the Link? On the Political Economy of Nordic Egalitarianism" In Torben M. Andersen; U. Michael Bergman & Svend E. Hougaard Jensen (ed.), Reform Capacity and Macroeconomic Performance in the Nordic Countries. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-871710-2. Chapter 3. s 50 - 68, 2016. (with Erling Barth)

" Good governance facades" In Susan Rose-Ackerman; Henry R. Luce & Paul Lagunes (ed.), Greed, Corruption, and the Modern State : Essays in Political Economy. Edward Elgar Publishing. ISBN 978 1 78471 469 7. 2. s 46 - 70 , 2016. (with Tina Søreide)

" Political Reinforcement --- How rising inequality curbs manifested welfare generosity" American Journal of Political Science, 2014. (with Erling Barth and Henning Finseraas)

" The Scandinavian Model - an interpretation" Journal of Public Economics, 2014. (with Erling Barth and Fredrik Willumsen)

" Opium for the Masses? Conflict-Induced Narcotics Production in Afghanistan" Review of Economics and Statistics, 2014, Vol. 96, No. 5, Pages 949-966. (with Jo Thori Lind and Fredrik Willumsen)

" When Institutions Reciprocate: Turning European Social Models Around" in Jon Erik Dølvik and Andrew Martin European Social Models from Crisis to Crisis. Employment and Inequality in the Era of Monetary Integration, Oxford University Press, 2014.

" Scandinavian Equality: A Prime Example of Protection Without Protectionism" in Joseph E. Stiglitz and Mary Kaldor The Quest for Security: Protection Without Protectionism and the Challenge of Global Governance, Columbia University Press, New York, 2013.

" Globalization, labour market institutions and wage structure" Nordic Economic Policy Review, Vol 1, p. 7-10, 2013. (with Erling Barth)

" Why do small open economies have such small wage differentials" Nordic Policy Review, Vol 1, p. 139-170, 2013. (with Erling Barth)

" Opium for the Masses? Conflict-Induced Narcotics Production in Afghanistan" forthcoming in the Review of Economics and Statistics, (with Jo Thori Lind and Fredrik Willumsen)

" Needs vs entitlements - an international fairness experiment" Journal of European Economic Association, Vol 11 (3), 2013. (with Alexander W. Cappelen, Erik Ø. Sørensen and Bertil Tungodden)

" Employment as a Price or Prize of Equality: A Descriptive Analysis" in Nordic Journal of Working Life Studies, Vol 2 (2) 2012. (with Erling Barth)

"The Tyranny of International Index Rankings" (Post-print version) Journal of Development Economics 97(1), 2012.(with Bjørn Høyland and Fredrik Willumsen)

" Mineral Rents and Social Development in Norway" in Katja Hujo (ed.) Mineral Rents and the Financing of Social Policy: Opportunities and Challenges, Palgrave Macmillan UK, 2011. (with Halvor Mehlum and Ragnar Torvik)

"Are good policies good politics?" in Dag Harald Claes and Carl Henrik Knutsen (eds.) Governing the Global Economy: Politics, Institutions and Economic Development, London: Routledge, 2011, pp. 160-170.

"The moral sentiments of Wealth of Nations," The Adam Smith Review ,volume 6, chapter 11, 2011

"Miserly Development," Journal of Development Studies 47(9), 2011, pp. 1332-1352. (with Jo Thori Lind)

"Floating high - How the Nordic model combines capitalist dynamics and worker security," forthcoming in Olav Molven (ed.) Health legislation in Norway. Gyldendal Akademisk, Oslo, 2010.

"Governance and Development," Handbook of Development Economics, Volume 5 edited by Dani Rodrik and Mark Rosenzweig, North Holland, 2010. (with J.-M. Baland and J. Robinson)

"Enforcement in Informal Saving Groups," Journal of Development Economics 90(1), 2009, pp. 14-23. (with S. Anderson and J.M. Baland)

"Labor and the Nordic Model of Social Democracy," in David Austen-Smith, Jeffry A. Frieden, Miriam A. Golden, Karl Ove Moene and Adam Przeworski (eds.) Selected Works of Michael Wallerstein, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 2008. (with M. Wallerstein)

"Social Democracy as a Development Strategy," in Pranab Bardhan, Samuel Bowles and Michael Wallerstein (eds.): Globalisation and Egalitarian Redistribution, Russel Sage, 2006. (with M. Wallerstein) (Working paper version)

"On Mattering Maps," in Aanund Hylland, Olav Gjelsvik, Jon Elster and Karl Moene (eds.) Understanding Choice, Explaining Behaviour, Oslo Academic Press, 2006. (with G. Loewenstein)
Parasites," in Sam Bowles, Steven N. Durlauf and Karla Hoff (eds.) Poverty Traps, Princeton University Press/Russell Sage, 2006. (with H. Mehlum and R. Torvik)

Cursed by resources or institutions?," World Economy 29(8), 2006, pp. 1117-1131 (with H. Mehlum and R. Torvik)

The Scandinavian Model and Economic Development," Development Outreach, World Bank Institute, february 2006, pp. 18-35. (with M. Wallerstein)

Institutions and the resource curse," The Economic Journal 116, 2006, pp. 1-20. (with H. Mehlum and R. Torvik)

Fighting against the odds," Economics of Governance 7(1), 2006, pp. 75-87. (with H. Mehlum)
Crime Induced Poverty Traps," Journal of Development Economics 77, 2005, pp. 325-340. (with H. Mehlum and R. Torvik)
Destructive Creativity," Nordic Journal of Political Economy 29(1), 2003, pp. 77-83. (with H. Mehlum and R. Torvik)

Earnings Inequality and Welfare Spending: A Disaggregated Analysis," World Politics 55(4), 2003, pp 485-516. (With M. Wallerstein)

"Legislation versus bargaining power: the evolution of Scandinavian labor standards" in Kaushik Basu, Henrik Horn, Lisa Román and Judith Shapiro (eds.) (2003), International Labor Standards: History, Theory and Policy Option, Blackwell Publishing, Malden, 2003. (with M. Wallerstein)

"Does the Logic of Collective Action Explain the Logic of Corporativism?," Journal of Theoretical Politics 15(3), 2003, pp. 271-297. (with M. Wallerstein)

Fiscal Corruption : A Vice or a Virtue? - A Comment," World Development 31(8), 2003, pp. 1469-1472. (with S. Chand and D. Mookherjee).

Predator or Prey? Parasitic enterprises in economic development," European Economic Review 47(2), 2003, pp. 79-98. (with H. Mehlum and R. Torvik)
Battlefields and Marketplaces," Journal of Defense Economics 13(6), 2002, pp 485-496. (with H. Mehlum)

Market-Based Extortions," APSA-CP Newsletter of American Political Science Association 13(1), 2002, pp. 8-10 (with H. Mehlum and R. Torvik)

Plunder & Protection Inc.," Journal of Peace Research 39(4), 2002, pp. 447-459. (with H. Mehlum and R. Torvik)
Inequality, Social Insurance and Redistribution," American Political Science Review 95(4), 2001, pp. 859-874. (with M. Wallerstein)

"Implications of ethnic diversity" (Comments on Paul Collier) Economic Policy 16(32), 2001, pp. 157-160.

"Targeting and the Political Support for Welfare Spending," Economics of Governance 2(2), 2001, pp. 3-24. (with M. Wallerstein)

"Would you like to shrink the welfare state? The opinion of European citizen". (Comments on Titi Boeri, Axel Bôrsch-Supan and Guido Tabellini) Economic Policy 32, 2001, pp. 44-46.
"Institutions, inequality and social policy". Sosialøkonomen 54, 2000. (with M. Wallerstein)


"Measures to improve wage formation in Sweden. Comments on proposals regarding mediation and conflict resolution," Report to the Commission on the Strengthening of the Mediation Authority in Sweden, led by Svante Öberg, 1999. (with S. Holden)

"Addiction and Social Interaction" in Jon Elster and Ole Jørgen Skog (eds.) Getting Hooked. Rationality and Addiction, Cambridge University Press, 1999.

"Assets versus Income" in Erik Olin Wright (ed.) Recasting Egalitarianism. New Rules for Communities, States and Markets, Verso, 1999. (with M. Wallerstein)

"Controlling fiscal corruption", World Development 27(7), 1999, pp. 1129-1140. (with S.Chand)

"Breaking the vicious circle of the predatory state," Nordic Journal of Political Economy 24, 1997, pp. 21-30. (with S. Chand)

"Full Employment as a Worker Disciplining Device", in John Roemer (ed.) Property Relations, Incentives and Welfare, Palgrave/Basingstoke, 1997. (with M. Wallerstein)

"Pay inequality," Journal of Labor Economics 15, 1997, pp. 403-430. (with M. Wallerstein)

"Labor Market Friction and Unemployment," in Jon E. Dølvik and Arild H. Steen (eds.) Making Solidarity Work?, Scandinavian University Press, Oslo, 1997. (with R. Nymoen and M. Wallerstein)

"Redistribution of Assets versus Redistribution of Income. Comments on Efficient Redistribution by Bowles and Gintis". Politics and Society 24, 1996, pp. 369-382. (with M. Wallerstein.)

"Growth and rent dissipation: the case of Kenya," Journal of African Economics 5(2), 1996, pp. 177-198. (Together with A. Bigsten)

"Solidaristic Wage Bargaining," Nordic Journal of Political Economy 22, 1995, pp. 79-94. (with M. Wallerstein)

"Economic Integration and Unemployment in the EFTA Countries" , in Barry Eichengreen, Jeffry Frieden and Jürgen von Hagen (eds.) Monetary and Fiscal Policy in an Integrated Europe, Springer Verlag, Berlin, 1995. (with M. Wallerstein)

"Social Democratic Labor Market Institutions: A Retrospective Analysis," in Herbert Kitschelt, Peter Lange, Gary Marks and John D. Stephens (eds.) Continuity and Change in Contemporary Capitalism, Cambridge University Press, 1995. (with M. Wallerstein.)

"How Social Democracy Worked," Politics and Society 23, 1995, 185-211. (with M. Wallerstein.)

"The Economic Performance of Different Bargaining Institutions," Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft 19, 1993, pp. 423 450. (with M.Wallerstein.)

"The Decline of Social Democracy," in Karl G. Persson (ed.), The Economic Development of Denmark and Norway since 1870. Edward Elgar Publishing, Gloschester, 1993. (with M. Wallerstein)

"Notes on Equality, Poverty and Development," In A. Ofstad and A. Wiig (eds.), Development Theory: Recent Trends. Proceedings of the NFU Annual Conference 1992, Chr. Michelsen Institute Report 6, 1993.

"Bargaining Structure and Economic Performance," in Robert J. Flanagan, Karl Ove Moene and Michael Wallerstein (eds.) Trade Union Behaviour, Pay Bargaining and Economic Performance, Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1993. (with M. Wallerstein in cooperation with M. Hoel)

"Contested Power," in David Copp, Jean Hampton and John E. Roemer (eds.) The Idea of Democracy, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1993.

"Collective Bargaining versus Cooperative ownership," Journal of Comparative Economics 17, 1993, pp. 628-645. (with M. Wallerstein)

"What is Wrong with Social Democracy", in Pranab Bardhan and John E. Roemer (eds.) Market Socialism. The present debate, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1993. (with M. Wallerstein)

"Unions versus Cooperatives," in Samuel Bowls, Herbert Gintis and Bo Gustafsson (eds.) Markets and Democracy: Participation, Accountability and Efficiency, Oxford University Press, 1993. (with M. Wallerstein)

"Poverty and landownership," American Economic Review 82, 1992, pp. 52-64.

"Nobel Laureate - Trygve Haavelmo," Journal of Economic Perspectives 5, 1991, pp. 175-192. (with A. Rødseth)

"How Corruption May Corrupt," Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization 13, 1990, pp. 63-76. (with J. Andvig)

"Is Profit-Sharing a Cure for Unemployment in Less Developed Countries?" The Journal of Development Economics 33, 1990, pp. 89-99.

"Union Militancy and Plant Designs," in Masahiko Aoki, Bo Gustafsson and Oliver Williamson (eds.) The Firm as a Nexus of Treaties, Sage Publications Ltd, 1990.

"Strong Unions or Worker Control," in Jon Elster and Karl Ove Moene (eds.) Alternatives to Captalism, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1989.

"A Note on Mechanization and Wage Bargaining," Economics Letters 29(4), 1989. pp. 379-381.

"Profit-Sharing, Unions and Investments," Scandinavian Journal of Economics 90(4), 1988, pp. 493-505. (with M. Hoel)

"A Reformulation of the Harris Todaro Mechanism with Endogenous Wages," Economics Letters 28(4), 1988, pp. 387-390.

"Union Threats and Wage Determination," The Economic Journal 98, l988, pp. 471-483.

"Keynesian Unemployment and Overmanning," The Economic Journal 97, l987, pp. 740-746.

"Types of Bureaucratic Interaction," Journal of Public Economics 29, l986, pp. 333-345.

"A Note on Keynesian Unemployment as a Worker Disciplin Device," Economics Letters 18(1), 1985, pp. 17-19.

"On Weitzman`s Recession Resistant Employee Compensation Arrangements," Economics Letters 19(4), l985, pp. 307-309.(with T. Ognedal)

"Shopping for an Investment Good," International Economic Review 26,1985, pp. 351-363.

"Fluctuations and Factor Proportions. Putty Clay Investments under Uncertainty," in Finn Førsund, Michael Hoel and Svein Longva (eds.) Production, Multisectorial Growth and Planning, North Holland, Amsterdam, 1985.

Selected articles in Norwegian


Velferdsstatens bærende krefter,” in Arbeidsdepartementet 100 år, Hege Forbord (Red.): pages. 195-224, 2013.


Ulikhetens og likhetens likevekt,” in Tidsskrift for velferdsforskning, Vol 16, nr. 2, 2013.


Mekaniseringens tyranni,” in L. Trädgårdh, P. Selle, L. S. Henriksen and H. Hallin (red.) Civilsamhället klämt mellan stat och kapital, SNS Förlag, Stockholm, 2013.


Økonomisk teori og metode etter murens fall,” (Economic theory and method after the fall of the Berlin Wall), Samfunnsøkonomen 1, 2013.


Konflikt og hovedavtale,” in Trond Bergh (ed.) Avtalt spill, LO Media, Oslo, 2010.

Tocqueville og den nordiske modellen,” in Rune Slagstad (ed.) and Jon Elster Elster og sirenenes sang, Pax, Oslo, 2010.


"Små lønnsforskjeller og store velferdsstater," Søkelys på arbeidslivet 27(1-2), 2010, pp. 77-86. (with E. Barth)

"Gnierindeksen - Et mål på verdens gjerrighet," (The Miser Index - A Measure of the World's Avarice) in Beatrice Halsaa and Anne Hellum (eds.) Rettferdighet – en dyd av nødvendighet, Universitetsforlaget, Oslo, 2010.

Den skandinaviske modellen og økonomisk ulikhet,” Appendix to Fordelingsutvalget, NOU 2009:10, 2009. (with E. Barth, I. Krueger, J.T. Lind and H. Mehlum)

"Gir konkurranse monopol - og monopol konkurranse?
" (Does Competition Lead to Monopolies - and do Monopolies Lead to Competition?) in Bjørg Ofstad, Olav Bjerkholt, Kari Skrede and Aanund Hylland (eds.) Rettferd og politikk. Festskrift til Hilde Bojer, Emilia forlag, Oslo, 2009, pp. 146-154.

"Paternalisme for liberalister?" (Paternalism for Liberalists) in Minerva, 3, 2009, pp. 4-6.

"Darwin og økonomene," (Darwin and the Economists) in Dag O. Hessen, Thore Lie and Nils Chr. Stenseth (eds.) Darwin. Verden ble aldri den samme, Gyldendal, Oslo, 2008, pp. 251-264.

"Likhet og åpenhet", Tidsskrift for Velferdsforskning 1, 2008. (with E. Barth)

"Tilbake til Democracy in America?" (Back to Democracy in America?), Samfunnsøkonomen 6, 2008.
"Fordeling, effektivitet og grunnrente," (Distribution, efficiency and resource rents) in Øyvind Østerud (ed.)
Ressursmakt og grunnrente, Rapportserien nr. 44, Makt- og demokratiutredningen, 2002, pp. 2-19.
"Er lønnsforskjellene for små?"
(Too Small Wage Differentials?) appendix to En strategi for sysselsetting og verdiskaping, NOU 2000:21 (Report to the Holden Commision on Wages and Employment), 2000. (with E. Barth)

"Universitetene," (Universities) appendix to Frihet med ansvar – om høgre utdanning og forskning i Norge, NOU 2000:14 (Report to the Mjøs Commission on Higher education), 2000.
(with N.-H. M. v. d. Fehr)
"Makt, marked og byråkrati," (Power, market and bureaucracy) in Øyvind Østerud (ed.) Maktutredningen til debatt - fem kommentarer, Rapportserien nr. 1, Makt- og demokratiutredningen, 1999, pp. 41-55.

"Den nordiske samfunnsmodellen," (The Nordic Model) Søkelys på Arbeidsmarkedet 1/99.

"Hungersnød versus fattigdom," (Famine versus Poverty) Sosialøkonomen 3, 1999.

"Nobelprisen til Amartya Sen," (The Nobel prize to Amartya Sen) Sosialøkonomen 9, 1998.
"Jordfordeling og fattigdom," (Poverty and the Allocation of Land) Nordisk Tidskrift för Politisk Ekonomi 23, 1989.

"Fra full sysselsetting til varig ledighet?" (From Full Employment to Permanent Unemployment?) Nordisk Tiddsskrift för Politisk Ekonomi, No 27/28 1992. (Together with Å. Cappelen and R. Nymoen.)

"Arbeidsløsheten disiplinerende funksjon," (Unemployment as an Effort Inducing Device) Sosialøkonomen 1, 1986.

"Er andelsøkonomi et svar på problemene i arbeidsmarkedet?" (The Share Economy as a Response to the Problems in the Labor Market) Sosialøkonomen 11, 1985.

"Byråkrati og alternative organisasjonsformer," (Bureaucracy and Alternative Organizational Designs) Nordisk Tiddsskrift för Politisk Ekonomi 19, 1986.

"Kan spillteori være en vei ut av bakevjen for radikal politisk økonomi?" (Game Teory as a Way out for Radical Political Economics) Nordisk Tidskrift för Politisk Ekonomi, 1985, pp. 24-37.

"Medarbeider-eie eller sterke fagforeninger. En teoretisk analyse," (Worker Ownership or Strong Unions. A Theoretical Analysis) Statsøkonomisk Tidsskrift 99(2), 1985, pp. 85-105.

"Arbeiderstyrte og kapitalstyrte bedrifter.
Noen forskjeller i intern tilpasning," (Worker Managed and Capital Managed Firms. Some Behavioral Differences.) Nordisk Tidskrift för Politisk Ekonomi, 1982.

"Klassisk eller keynesiansk arbeidsløshet," (Classical or Kenyesian Unemployment) Sosialøkonomen 5, 1980.