SOPPRIKET (FUNGI)

Til soppriket hører heterotrofe, eukaryote organismer med ytre fordøyelse. Mitokondriene har flate cristae, og celleveggene er av kitin. Opplagsnæring er glykogen. Alle er modulære. De har AAA-lysinsynteseveg.

Kingdom FUNGI is reviewed in light of published modern analyses of molecular data and fossil records. The origin of the kingdom was possibly in Late Precambrian, and the forerunners may be searched for among the choanoflagellates (which probably also gave rise to kingdom Animalia). The most primitive division is the Chytridiomycota (the only division possessing flagellate stages). The Zycomycota has its root in Chytridiomycota, and was probably developed already in Ordovician. The clade comprising Ascomycota and Basidiomycota is the sister group to Zygomycota. According to fossils, the clade may have originated in Silurian or Devonian. The Ascomycota and Basidiomycota were clearly separated in Carboniferous, and the modern fungal groupings, as we see them today, were probably developed during Triassic and Jurassic.

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