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Civil Society

Umbrella organisations in the sustainable development field
The Danish 92 Group was established in 1991 in order to co-ordinate Danish NGOs' preparations for the United Nation's Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED) in Rio de Janeiro, 1992. The co-operation has continued since then. Today the Danish 92 Group has four working groups, focusing respectively on climate, the WTO and international trade, the follow-up of the World Summit on Sustainable Development (Johannesburg 2002) with respect to North-South issues, and education for sustainable development. The member organisations also co-operate on other related issues, at the domestic as well as the international level. Activities cover e.g. the co-ordination of activities, joint actions on advocacy, lobbying and information activities etc.

20 organisations in the network
The secretariat of The Danish 92 Group has based with various member organisastions since its foundation; at present (2008) it is at CARE Denmark.

The following 21 Danish environment and development organisations are members of the network:
Africa Contact, BirdLife Denmark, CARE Denmark, DanChurchAid, the Danish Association for International Co-operation, the Danish Ecovillage Network, the Danish Hunters' Association, the Danish International Human Settlement Service, IWGIA-Denmark, the Danish Organisation for Renewable Energy, the Danish United Nations Association, Greenpeace Denmark, Ibis, KULU - Women and Development, Nature and Youth, Nepenthes, the Network for Ecological Education and Practice/Econet, the Danish Outdoor Council, the Danish Society for the Conservation of Nature, the Danish Youth Council, the Ecological Council, The Swallows in Denmark, and WWF Denmark.

Some important environmental organisations

  • Danish Society for Nature Conservation
    The largest environmental organisation in Denmark, and in relation to national population the largest in any Nordic country, with 140.000 members and local groups in every Danish municipality Founded in 1911, its main concern - as for sister organisations in other Nordic countries - was originally to secure the protection of areas of natural beauty or special importance as habitat for wild species. This remains an important objective, but climate and energy issues have become increasingly important over the past three decades. The organisation co-ordinates a network of "Climate communities", which in August 2008 included 12 of Denmark's 98 municipalities.
  • Nature and Youth
    An independent organisation for young people, founded in 1959 and affiliated with the Danish Society for Nature Conservation. It is smaller than its counterparts in other Nordic countries, with some 1300 members in 2008, and has till recently concentrated mainly on traditional "field biology", although it adopted a climate policy in 2007.
  • NOAH (Friends of the Earth Denmark)
    A smaller and somewhat more radical organisation than the Society for Nature Conservation - as is the case with FoE in Sweden and Finland. Founded in 1969, it now has 19 local groups and nine national, thematic working groups. Energy and transport issues, along with sustainable consumption in general, are central areas of work.
  • WWF Verdensnaturfonden  
    The Danish section of the World Wide Fund for Nature, founded in 1972. As with WWF internationally, the main focus of its work has traditionally been protection of biodiversity, but climate change has recently become more prominent on its agenda.
  • OVE - The Organisation for Renewable Energy
    As its name suggests, this organisation - founded in 1975 in the wake of the first "oil crisis" - has always been firmly focused on the promotion of renewable energy, and more recently also energy efficiency. Through its history OVE has interacted closely both with academics to develop alternative energy scenarios, with politicians through its lobbying activities and with small businesses to promote the adoption of renewable energy in the field. Together with SEK (below) it has played an important part in making Denmark a European leader in renewable energy. OVE's goal is to make the Danish energy system 100 % renewable by 2030.
  • SEK - The Co-operating Energy and Environment Associations (Danish only)
    The Energy and Environment Associations are a network of membership organisations in 20 or so cities, towns and rural comminities, whose central mission has been to run offices offering advice on energy alternatives to citizens. The first of them were founded in 1978 as an offshoot of OVE (above) and there has always been a close symbiosis between OVE and SEK, including a standing offer of double membership. Many of the offices have successfully promoted innovative sustainable energy projects in the communities where they are active, such as the Renewable Energy Island project on the island of Samsø. Under a contract with the Danish Energy Utilities' Association dating from 2005, SEK and OVE jointly run an "Energy Service" (Energitjenesten), providing advice to citizens on energy saving measures. This is a natural extension of SEK's traditional rôle.
  • The Ecological Council
    An organisation founded in 1991, whose main focus is on lobbying and "counter-expertise" studies to promote sustainable development. Its thematic emphasis in recent years has been on climate, transport and energy issues, along with pesticides and other environmental toxins.
  • The Network for Ecological Education and Practice (Eco-net)
    As its name suggests, this organisation, founded in the wake of the Rio conference in 1992, is especially involved in communication and education - as well as networking - to promote sustainable development. It has recently played a major part in promoting the UN Decade of Education for Sustainable Development in Denmark.
  • Greenpeace (Danish only) - Greenpeace international website
    Tne Greenpeace organisations in the Nordic countries were merged in 1999 to form a single organisation, Greenpeace Nordic, with its headquarters in Stockholm. National offices have however been maintained in Denmark, Finland and Norway, along with websites in the respective national languages. As elsewhere, Greenpeace has supporters rather than members: out of 105.000 supporters of Greenpeace Nordic in 2006, some 15.000 lived in Denmark. Climate change and opposition to nuclear power are among Greenpeace's campaign themes in the Nordic countries, as in the rest of the world.
  • Nepenthes
    An organisation dedicated to the preservation of tropical rainforests and of natural forests in Denmark.

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[Last updated: 09.09.2008]