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CURRICULUM VITAE

Name

Lee Andrew Bygrave

Date of birth

22.01.1963

Residential address

Prost Christies vei 16A, N-1362 Hosle, NORWAY

Work address

Department of Private Law
P.O. Box 6706 St. Olavs plass
N-0130 Oslo
NORWAY

Telephone

(+47) 67148808 (private); (+47) 22859339 (work)

Fax

(+47) 22859620

E-mail

lee.bygrave@jus.uio.no



FORMAL QUALIFICATIONS

Doctor juris degree (completed 1999; University of Oslo).

Barrister, Supreme Court of New South Wales (admitted 1992).

Bachelor of Laws (Honours) degree (completed 1989; Australian National University).

Bachelor of Arts (Honours) degree (completed 1985; Australian National University).



PROFESSIONAL EXPERIENCE

(i)

Australia:

Visiting Fellow, Faculty of Law, University of New South Wales, Sydney (March 2006 - February 2009).

Co-Director, Baker & McKenzie Cyberspace Law and Policy Centre, Faculty of Law, University of New South Wales (Nov. 2001 - July 2002).

Visiting lecturer in law (part-time), Faculty of Law, University of New South Wales, Sydney (March 2000 - April 2001).

Legal Advisor, Commonwealth Department of Veterans' Affairs, Canberra (Dec. 1989 - Sept. 1990).


(ii)

Norway:

Associate Professor, Department of Private Law, University of Oslo (Sept. 2004 - present).

Associate Professor, Norwegian Research Centre for Computers and Law (NRCCL), University of Oslo (June 2003 - Aug. 2004).

Postdoctoral Research Fellow, NRCCL (Oct. 1999 - May 2003).

Doctoral Research Fellow, NRCCL (Aug. 1993 - July 1999).


(iii)

Austria:

Visiting Professor, Faculty of Law, University of Vienna (May 2001; May 2003).



EXPERT ADVISORY POSITIONS

Consultant to European Commission with respect to regulation of personal data flows to countries outside EU (July 2003 - present).

Consultant to Norwegian Department of Justice with respect to reform of Norway's Personal Data Act (July 2005 - April 2006).

Consultant to U.S. National Academies with respect to their report on "Privacy in the Information Age" (June 2003 - Nov. 2003).

Expert advisor to Norwegian Board of Technology on privacy and data protection issues (Dec. 2002 - March 2004).

Consultant to Norwegian government with respect to development of national cryptography policy (Jan. - April 2001).

Consultant to Nordic Council of Ministers on information security issues (1993).

Consultant to Telenor with respect to development of a corporate privacy policy (1998).



OTHER POSITIONS

Advisory Board Member for the Data Protection Research and Policy Group, British Institute of International and Comparative Law, London (2004 - 2006).

Member of the Asia-Pacific Privacy Charter Council (2003 - present).

Member of the Board of the Norwegian Association for Computers and Law (2003 - present).

Member of Editorial Board of Privacy Law & Policy Reporter (1997 - present).

Norway's representative on Technical Committee 11 ("Security and Protection of Information Processing Systems") of International Federation for Information Processing (1996 - 1998).

Member of Norwegian Computer Association's committee on information security (1994 - 1996).



AWARDS / SCHOLARSHIPS / RESEARCH GRANTS

Leader of research project, "Legal Regulation of Biometric Identification and Authentication Systems", doctoral research project funded by Norwegian Research Council (Jan. 2005 - Dec. 2008).

Leader of research project "Money Laundering and the Internet", funded by Norwegian Research Council (Nov. 2004 - Oct. 2008).

Partner Investigator in research project "Creating more consistent privacy principles through better interpretation and law reform", research project DP0666646 funded by Australian Research Council (Jan. 2006 - Dec. 2008).

Subcontractor for PRIME (Privacy and Identity Management for Europe) - Integrated project under FP 6, Priority 2, Information Society Technologies (IST-2002-507591) (Jan. 2004 - present).

Postdoctoral scholarship from the Norwegian Research Council (Oct. 1999 - Oct. 2002).

Partner in ECLIP I (Electronic Commerce Legal Issues Platform) - ESPRIT IV Project EP 27028 funded by European Commission (Jan. 1998 - Dec. 1999).

Doctoral Scholarship from the Norwegian Research Council (Aug. 1993 - Aug. 1996).

Goethe Society Scholarship (Dec. 1983 - March 1984).

Australian National University Vacation Scholarship (Dec. 1984 - March 1985).

Goethe Society Prize for Distinguished Study in German (1982, 1983, 1984, 1985).

Nominated by the Departments of History and Modern European Languages (Australian National University) for University Medal, 1985.



PUBLICATIONS

"The Privacy Act 1988: A Study in the Protection of Privacy and the Protection of Political Power", Federal Law Review, 1990, vol. 19, pp. 128-153.

"Legal Aspects of Information Security in the Nordic Countries", in Nordic Council of Ministers: Information Security in Nordic Countries, Nordiske Seminar- og Arbejdsrapporter 1993:613 (Copenhagen: Nordic Council of Ministers, 1993), Appendix 1.

"Overview of Norway's Criminal Justice System", in The World Factbook of Criminal Justice Systems, US Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics, 1994, available at
http://www.ojp.usdoj.gov/bjs/pub/ascii/wfbcjnor.txt

"Reflections on the Rationale for Data Protection Laws", in J. Bing og O. Torvund (ed.s): 25 Years Anniversary Anthology in Computers and Law (Oslo: TANO, 1995), pp. 3-39 (co-authored with Jens Petter Berg).

"Informasjon som felles ressurs - mulige konsekvenser for regelverk som berører personvern", in Norges forskningsråd: Informasjonsteknologi og nye medier i den offentlige informasjonens tjeneste (Oslo: Norges forskningsråd, 1996), pp. 69-85.

"Ensuring Right Information on the Right Person(s): Legal Controls of the Quality of Personal Information", Manuscript Series on Information Technology and Administrative Systems, University of Oslo, 1996, vol. 4, no. 4/96, 23 pages.

Personvern i praksis: Justisdepartementets behandling av klager på Datatilsynets enkeltvedtak 1980-1996 (Oslo: Cappelen Akademisk Forlag, 1997), 256 pages.

"Data Protection Pursuant to the Right to Privacy in Human Rights Treaties", International Journal of Law and Information Technology, 1998, vol. 6, pp. 247-284.

"Data Protection Reform in Scandinavia", Privacy Law & Policy Reporter, 1998, vol. 5, pp. 9-12.

"Germany's Teleservices Data Protection Act", Privacy Law & Policy Reporter, 1998, vol. 5, pp. 53-54.

"Privacy, Data Protection and Copyright: Their Interaction in the Context of Electronic Copyright Management Systems", in P.B. Hugenholtz (ed.): Copyright and Electronic Commerce (The Hague/London/Boston: Kluwer Law International, 2000) (co-authored with Kamiel Koelman), pp. 59-124.

"International Consumer Purchases through the Internet: Jurisdictional Issues pursuant to European Law", International Journal of Law and Information Technology, 2000, vol. 8, pp. 99-138 (co-authored with Morten Foss).

"An international data protection stocktake @ 2000 - Part 1: regulatory trends", Privacy Law & Policy Reporter, 2000, vol. 6, pp. 129-132.

"Determining Applicable Law pursuant to European Data Protection Legislation", Computer Law & Security Report, 2000, vol. 16, pp. 252-257.

"Where have all the judges gone? Reflections on judicial involvement in developing data protection law", in P. Wahlgren (ed.), IT och juristutbildning. Nordisk årsbok i rättsinformatik 2000 (Stockholm: Jure AB, 2001), pp. 113-125; also published in Privacy Law & Policy Reporter, 2000, vol. 7, pp. 11-14, 33-36.

"Selvbestemmelse til besvær?", Spor, 2000, no. 3, pp. 5-7.

"An international data protection stocktake @ 2000 - Part 2: core principles of data protection", Privacy Law & Policy Reporter, 2001, vol. 7, pp. 169-175.

"Minding the Machine: Article 15 of the EC Data Protection Directive and Automated Profiling", Computer Law & Security Report, 2001, vol. 17, pp. 17-24.

"Norway", in M. Henry (ed.), International Privacy, Publicity and Personality Laws (London: Butterworths, 2001), pp. 333-346 (co-authored with Anne Helen Aarø).

"Et grunnlag for utvikling av en helhetlig nasjonal kryptopolitikk", Forvaltningsinformatisk notatserie / Manuscript Series on Information Technology and Administrative Systems, University of Oslo, 2001, no. 3, 43 pages, available at
http://www.afin.uio.no/forskning/notater/kryptopolitikk_rapport_final.pdf

"The place of privacy in data protection law", University of New South Wales Law Journal, 2001, vol. 24, no. 1, pp. 277-283.

"Balancing data protection and freedom of expression in the context of website publishing - recent Swedish case law", Computer Law & Security Report, 2002, vol. 18, pp. 56-58; also published in Privacy Law & Policy Reporter, 2001, vol. 8, pp. 83-85.

"Electronic Agents and Privacy: A Cyberspace Odyssey 2001", International Journal of Law and Information Technology, 2001, vol. 9, pp. 275-294.

"A right to privacy for corporations? Lenah in an international context", Privacy Law & Policy Reporter, 2002, vol. 8, pp. 130-134.

"The Technologisation of Copyright: Implications for Privacy and Related Interests", European Intellectual Property Review, 2002, vol. 24, pp. 51-57.

"Online dispute resolution - what it means for consumers", Internet Law Bulletin, 2002, vol. 4, no. 8, pp. 81-88.

Data Protection Law: Approaching its Rationale, Logic and Limits (The Hague/London/New York: Kluwer Law International, 2002), 448 pages.

"The 1995 EC Directive on data protection under official review - feedback so far", Privacy Law & Policy Reporter, 2002, vol. 9, pp. 126-129.

"Privacy-enhancing technologies - caught between a rock and a hard place", Privacy Law & Policy Reporter, 2002, vol. 9, pp. 135-137.

"Kryptopolitikk i en brytningstid", in H. Godø (ed.), IKT etter dotcom-boblen (Oslo: Gyldendal Akademisk, 2003), pp. 252-278.

"Digital Rights Management and Privacy - Legal Aspects in the European Union", in E. Bekker et al. (ed.s), Digital Rights Management: Technological, Economic, Legal and Political Aspects (Heidelberg: Springer Verlag, 2003), pp. 418-446.

"EC data protection Directive survives first official review", Privacy Law & Policy Reporter, 2003, vol. 10, pp. 74-76.

Personvern i informasjonssamfunnet: En innføring i vern av personopplysninger (Bergen: Fagbokforlaget, 2004), 286 pages (co-authored with Dag Wiese Schartum).

"Privacy in a Global Context - A Comparative Overview", Scandinavian Studies in Law, 2004, vol. 47, pp. 319-348.

"Personvern etter 11. september", in D. Ekelberg & M. Ludvigsson (eds.), Frihet - samtalen fortsetter (Oslo: Civita, 2004), pp. 142-159.

"Safe Harbour Decision Implementation Study", report commissioned by European Commission, April 2004, 263 pages (co-authors: J. Dhont, M.V. Pérez Asinari, Y. Poullet, J.R. Reidenberg), available at http://europa.eu.int/comm/justice_home/fsj/privacy/docs/studies/safe-harbour-2004_en.pdf.

"Datakriminalitet", in D.W. Schartum & A. Jansen (eds.), Informasjonssikkerhet. Rettslige krav til sikker bruk av IKT (Bergen: Fagbokforlaget, 2005), pp. 295-307.

"Ensuring Respect for Privacy on the Internet", in The Right to Privacy - the Right to Dignity : Proceedings of 26th International Conference on Privacy and Personal Data Protection(Warsaw: Biuro Generalnego Inspektora Ochrony Danych Osobowych, 2005), pp. 273-276.

Review of M. Tugendhat QC & I. Christie (eds.), The Law of Privacy and the Media (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002), in International Journal of Law and Information Technology, 2005, vol. 13, p. 286-289.

Review of M. Klang & A. Murray (eds.), Human Rights in the Digital Age (London: The Glasshouse Press, 2005), in Nordic Journal of Human Rights, 2006, vol. 24, p. 82-86.

"Strengthening privacy protection in the Internet environment: A modest program of action", Privacy Law & Policy Reporter, 2006, vol. 11, pp. 222-226.



EDITORSHIP

Yulex 2001 (Oslo: Institutt for rettsinformatikk / Unipub, 2001), 126 pages.

Yulex 2002 (Oslo: Institutt for rettsinformatikk / UniPub, 2002), 122 pages.

Yulex 2003 (Oslo: Institutt for rettsinformatikk / UniPub, 2003), 81 pages.

Member of the Editorial Board of Privacy Law & Policy Reporter (1997- ).



INVITED CONFERENCE PRESENTATIONS (recent selection only)

"Protecting Sensitive Personal Data: Scandinavian Perspectives and Marked Differences within the EU", Seminar on "The Data Protection Directive: Ten Years On", Linklaters and British Institute of International and Comparative Law, London, 30.11.2005.

"The impact of DRMS on user privacy interests", International Workshop on "The Future of Copyright in the Digital Age", Universitat Illes Balears, Palma de Mallorca, 7.10.2005.

"Rettsregler for vern av teknologiske mekanismer for beskyttelse av opphavsrett mv fra et (kritisk) forbrukerperspektiv", Forum Rettsinformatikk 2005, Sandefjord, Norway, 29 April 2005.

"Reflections on Airport Security and Its Social Aspects from a Scandinavian Perspective", International Workshop on "Social and Economic Aspects of an Airport Security Scenario", University of Tilburg, 1 April 2005.

"Hvordan vil teknologiutviklingen prege vårt samfunn i 5-10 års perspektiv?", Seminar of Norwegian Ministry of Justice on future role of police, Oslo, 16 March 2005.

Panelist in session "DRM between Consumer Expectations and Consumer Rights", 3rd Digital Rights Management Conference, Berlin, 13 Jan. 2005.

"Ensuring Respect for Privacy on the Internet", 26th International Conference on Privacy and Data Protection, Wroclaw, Poland, 14-16 Sept. 2004.

"Farvel til personvernet?", 10th Anniversary conference for Section for Information Technology and Administrative Systems, University of Oslo, 7 Sept. 2004.

"Enforcement and cross-jurisdictional issues with respect to data protection law", British Institute of International and Comparative Law, London, 9 March 2004.

"The Body as Data? Reflections on the Relationship of Data Privacy Law with the Human Body", Conference on "The Body as Data", Federation Centre, Melbourne, Australia, 8 September 2003.

"The issue of 'data' in data protection and intellectual property law", Columbanus Symposium 2003 on "Database Protection and Freedom of Speech", Faculty of Law, University of Oslo, 29-30 August 2003.

"Protection of Personal Data - An Historical Overview", Conference on "Data Protection in the EU", European Institute, Lódz, Poland, 18-19 November 2002.

"Privacy-Enhancing Technologies: Caught Between a Rock and a Hard Place", Conference organised by EC Commission on "Implementation of Directive 95/46/EC", Brussels, 30 September 2002.

"Online Dispute Resolution - What It Means for Consumers", Conference on "Domain Name Systems and Internet Governance", Grace Hotel, Sydney, 7 May 2002.

"The Regulation of Electronic Agents: Privacy and Other Implications", Conference on "Hong Kong IT Law in a Global Perspective: E-Commerce, Consumers and Citizens", Hotel Furama, Hong Kong, 4 October 2001.

"The Technologisation of Copyright: Implications for Privacy and Related Interests", Symposium on Data Protection and Intellectual Property on the Internet, Internationales Congress Centrum, Berlin, 27 August 2001.



OTHER INFORMATION

Member of the Australian National Cross-Country Ski Team (1985-1989); competed in Nordic World Skiing Championships in Oberstdorf (1987) and Lahti (1989).

Oboist in Canberra Youth Orchestra and Canberra School of Music Orchestra (1982 - 1985).

Captain of Canberra Schools' debating team (1979); silver medallist at Australian National Schools Debating Championship, Gold Coast, Queensland (1979).


 
 

Copyright © 2006 Lee Bygrave
E-mail: lee.bygrave@jus.uio.no