Oddbjørn Leirvik:

 

Human Conscience and Christian-Muslim Relations:

Modern Egyptian thinkers on al-damīr

 

London and New York: Routledge (Islamic Studies Series) 2006. 310 pp.

Available in paperback (£22.50) and hardback (£85.00).

  

Table of contents:


PART I

Introduction: horizon and focus, terms and methods                                                                                                                                                                                      

 

1            HORIZON AND FOCUS

                                                                                                                                                      

1.1         Interreligious studies and theology in dialogue                                                                         

1.2         Genesis, focus and organisation of the investigation                                                                             

 

2            TERMS, CONCEPTS AND METHODS                                                                                     

 

2.1         Terms and concepts                                                                                                              

                            Conscience, and al-damīr                                                                                       

                            Modernity                                                                                                               

                            Authenticity                                                                                                             

2.2         Clues to current debates                                                                                                        

                            Selfhood and otherness: the capitalised Other                                                           

                 Universalism and communitarianism                                                                          

2.3         Methodological perspectives                                                                                                  

                 Conceptual history and discourse analysis                                                                

                 Intertextuality, dialogical imagination and diapractice                                                 

 

PART II

Christian conscience and Islamic ethics

 

3            THE SELF AND THE OTHER IN CHRISTIAN

   AND EUROPEAN DISCOURSES OF CONSCIENCE                                                  

 

3.1         Some fundamental ambiguities in the notion of conscience                                                       

3.2         Conscience in Graeco-Roman literature, and in the New Testament                                        

3.3         Conscience in medieval scholasticism, and in Luther                                                               

3.4         Conscience in Early Modernity                                                                                              

3.5         Critique of conscience and globalisation of the concept in the 20th century                               

3.6         Preliminary conclusion                                                                                                           

 

4            ISLAMIC ETHICS – KNOWING WITH WHOM?                                                       

 

4.1         Bridging ‘conscience’ and ‘Islamic ethics’                                                                              

4.2         Islamic ethics as a multi-layered tradition                                                                                

4.3         Qur’ānic ethics: exclusive or dialogical?                                                                                  

4.4         Some notes on ethics in Hadıth, fiqh and classical theology                                                     

4.5         Philosophical ethics in Islam: universalist humanism?                                                                            

4.6         Sūfī ethics and the synthesis of al-Ghazālī                                                                           

4.7         Conscience, science and civilisation in European Christianity and Islam

4.8         Preliminary conclusion                                                                                                           

 

PART III

Interlude: the semantics of damīr

 

5            CONSCIENCE IN ARABIC: THE SEMANTICS OF DAMĪR                                      

 

5.1         ‘Conscience’ in modern Arabic                                                                                              

5.2         Damīr in classical and medieval Arabic, and in medieval/early modern Arabic dictionaries       

                            Damīr in Shıite, Sūfī and philosophical/secular usage                                              

                            Damīr in grammar and logical theory                                                                       

                            Damīr in early dictionaries, Arab and Western                                                         

5.3         Damīr as moral consciousness – since when?                                                                        

5.4         Damīr in biblical Arabic                                                                                                        

                            Damīr in medieval and early modern Arabic Bible language                                      

                            Damīr in modern Arabic Bible editions                                                                    

5.5         Other words and constructs for ‘conscience’ in modern Arabic                                              

5.6         Preliminary conclusion                                                                                                           

 

PART IV 

Al-damīr in modern Egyptian Muslim authors

 

6            THE NOTIONS OF AL-DAMĪR AND WIJDĀN
              IN EGYPTIAN REFORMERS AND WRITERS                                                            

 

6.1         Introduction to Part IV                                                                                                          

6.2         Damīr and the reception of French thought and European philosophy in Egypt                        

6.3         Damīr and wijdān among Egyptian reformers, ca. 1900-1925                                               

6.4         Literary reflections of damīr in modern Egyptian essays and fiction, ca. 1950-1975                

6.5         Preliminary conclusion                                                                                                           

 

7          ABBĀS MAHMŪD AL-AQQĀD (1889-1964): 
  ETHICO-RELIGIOUS INTERNALISATION, HUMAN CONSCIENCE AND ISLAMIC APOLOGETICS

 

7.1         Biographical and bibliographical introduction                                                                          

7.2         Al-damīr in al-‘Aqqād’s ‘spiritual portraits’                                                                           

                            The genius of Muhammad, and his upright conscience                                               

                            Between Muhammad and Christ: Mahatma Gandhi                                                  

                            The genius of Christ, and his law of love and conscience                                           

                            The genius of the Islamic philosopher-reformer                                                         

                            Narrative and discursive approaches to al-damīr                                                     

7.3         Conscience, democracy and Islamic authenticity                                                                     

7.4         Revelation, reason and conscience in al-Aqqād’s qur’ānic philosophy                                    

                            Qur’ānic philosophy, new morality and male elitism                                                                                        

                            Conscience under the guardianship of reason                                                            

                            Conscience under the guardianship of reason

                            Conscience, Islamic mysticism and European existentialism

                            The role of conscience in al-Aqqād’s qur’ānic anthropology                                                                          

                            The role of conscience in al-‘Aqqād’s qur’ānic anthropology                                    

7.5         Preliminary conclusion and outlook                                                                                        

7.6         Al-Aqqād, internalisation and authenticity

              – as seen by Uthmān Amīn and Hasan Hanafī                                                                       

 

8            KHĀLID MUHAMMAD KHĀLID (1920-1996):

              CONSCIENCE, HUMAN AUTHENTICITY AND ISLAMIC DEMOCRACY           

 

8.1         Biographical and bibliographical introduction                                                                          

8.2         Secularism and European impulses                                                                                         

                 Modernist, secularist beginnings: ‘From here we start’                                              

                 Conscience, new morality and civic ethics                                                                

8.3         Visions of true humanity                                                                                                         

8.4         Al-damīr in the history of religions:

   a continuous quest for human authenticity                                                                               

                 Muhammad and Christ, together on the road                                                            

                 The human qualities of Muhammad                                                                          

                 Human conscience on its journey towards its destiny                                                

8.5                   Al-damīr and the Islamic heritage: narrative, thematic and mystical  approaches                                                            

                            Narrative approaches to distinguished Muslim personalities                                      

                 Narrative approaches to distinguished Muslim personalities

                 Thematic approach to the humanist message of the Qur’n                                       

                            Sūfı perspectives on human conscience                                                                    

8.6         From human to Islamic authenticity?                                                                                       

                            From universalist liberalism to Islamic democracy                                                     

                            The final call: Islam invites the human race to accept Muhammad

8.7         Preliminary conclusion and outlook                                                                                        

8.8         Excursus: Conscience and Islamic authenticity in Sayyid Qutb                                               

 

9            M. KĀMIL HUSAYN (1901-1977):

  CONSCIENCE AS THE LAW OF INHIBITION AND THE VOICE OF GOD           

 

9.1         Biographical and bibliographical introduction                                                                          

9.2         The events of Good Friday as a drama of human conscience                                                  

9.3         Conscience as a curb and the law of inhibition                                                                        

9.4         The passive virtues of resistance, and the individual’s right to say no                                        

9.5         Conscience as the voice of God, and one’s rightly guided self                                                 
9.6         The guidance of religion: an inclusivist view                                                                             

9.7         Preliminary conclusion and outlook                                                                                                    

 

10          CHRISTIANS AND MUSLIMS IN EGYPT: UNITED OR SEPARATED BY MODERNITY?                      

 

10.1       Modern Muslim identity in Egypt                                                                                            

Recurrent ‘crises of orientation’, or a continuum of ‘modified Islamic discourses’?       

                            Islamic discourses and universalist visions under Nasser                                            

10.2       Christianity and Islam in modern Egypt                                                                                   

10.3       Modern Coptic identity                                                                                                          

                        The discourse of national unity: mere secularism, or Christian   recognition of Islam?              

                 Coptic conscience                                                                                                   

The discourse of Coptic revival: national unity challenged by the religious body?        

10.4       Late modern identity discourses among Muslims, and the notion of Islamic authenticity            

 

11          CONCLUSIONS TO PART TWO                                                                                    

 

PART V:

Concluding discussions

 

12          WRONGING THE SELF, WRONGING THE OTHER:

              CONSCIENCE AND ETHICS IN MODERNITY                                                          

 

12.1       Conscience and the inward turn forwards                                                                               

12.2       The Christian-Muslim quest for self-improvement:

              a shared but insufficient moral concern                                                                                    

12.3       Conscience, reason and emotion in the modern Self                                                                

12.4       Being true to the Other –  guided by the Golden Rule, or by the ethics of closeness?               

12.5       Wronging Oneself or wronging the Other?                                                                              

12.6       Bad conscience and ‘the reproaching soul’                                                                        

 

13          CONSCIENCE IN INTERRELIGIOUS DIALOGUE:

   TELLING THE STORY OF ONESELF AS ANOTHER                                                

 

13.1       The turn to the Other                                                                                                        

13.2       Islam and the religously Other                                                                                                

13.3       Conscience = knowing oneself as another?                                                                             

13.4       Telling the story of oneself as another – in diapractice                                                             

13.5       Conscience and community                                                                                                    

 
14          KNOWING WITH GOD
   – FACE TO FACE WITH THE OTHER?                                                                                                

 

NOTES
 
BIBLIOGRAPHY                                                                                                 

 

INDEX