Functioning of the network and description of courses
We plan to develop a curriculum of courses which could be offered on a
biennial basis at various institutions in Europe and Northern America. This
curriculum, together with the experiences made during the network,
can provide the ground for a graduate program in low-energy Nuclear
Theory. We expect that Master of Science, PhD students and early post-doctoral fellows
in both theoretical and experimental nuclear physics
will attend the courses.
Our plan is to offer a curriculum which is
broad enough and at the same catches the needs of the Nuclear Physics
community. The courses may (upon negotiations with the institution of appartanence of the participant)
be included as part of the graduate curriculum.
The proposed training program is fully consistent with the needs of the research program aiming at studies of exotic nuclei far from stability. In Europe, two leading Large European Infrastructures: GANIL in Caen and GSI in Darmstadt will be involved as partners of the network. Similarly, in Northern America we expect that several National Laboratories and Universities will participate. Many of the institutions offer to young researchers a direct contact with the most exciting discoveries in the domain of rare isotope experimentations. Experiment forces us to create new theories and provides verification to the existing ones. Theory and experiment are strongly interrelated and the research of exotic nuclei is a key for the verification of theoretical concepts. Hence, a contact of young nuclear physicists with the phenomena in exotic nuclei in optimal conditions of world-leading laboratories will be a tremendous asset in their future carrier. As in the past, methods developed in theoretical low-energy nuclear physics can be taken over to develop studies of various mesoscopic systems. The broadness of a proposed training and its emphasis on modern methods of many-body physics and modeling aspects of physical phenomena through advanced computation, will help young researchers to find an employment in nuclear physics and related fields, both in public research and private companies. Several courses, like for example course 2 on many-body methods, course 3 on few-body methods, course 4 on modern density functional methods, or course 8 on open quantum many-body systems, offer a multidisciplinary and even intersectoral formation.
Special emphasis in this project is devoted to advanced high-performance computing and numerical algorithms that are used in modeling nuclear phenomena. Many of the methods will be part of the various courses. The initiative plans also to offer more dedicated courses on high-performance topics and advanced numerical methods. We will assure an active participation of leading specialists in advanced computational methods and research software.
We anticipate that the courses can be offered both at European and Northern American institutions.
The courses will be offered at different institutions in Europe and Northern America, with
teachers coming from adhering laboratories and University groups.
A possible format for the courses is that every course lasts three weeks, with two
hours of lectures and two hours of exercise session per day. The
students are expected to work independently and/or with supervision
from the teachers for the remaining parts of the day. In total a
course consists of 30 research based lectures, 30 exercise sessions
plus the course preparation and the development of an individual
project related both to the research project of each trainee (e.g.
the subject of his/her PhD, or the research subject of young
researchers) and the content of the course. The latter part is scaled
to 60 hours of work.
Every course is followed by a one week workshop/school with lectures given by invited specialists. These specialists cover research topics addressed by the lectures given the previous three weeks. The aim of the workshop/school is to present to the students the present status of a given field. The individual research projects of trainees will be presented to invited specialist, who will help to focus their projects, expose to young researchers premises and weak points of their projects, and through intensive discussions with students suggest possible new research and/or collaboration directions. At the end of each course and its one week workshop/school, each student has to present a written scientific document on selected aspects of his/her project discussed with specialists, collected questions/problems from specialists and projected possible future collaborations and applications. This document, prepared according to standards of a scientific publication, is given at the end of the course and has to be approved in order to get the relevant credits. In Europe we assume that every course will correspond to approximately 10 credits (to be negotiated), which means roughly one third of a semester of study. In total a course is composed of three weeks with regular lectures and exercises and assignments plus a one-week workshop/school with specialized talks on current research topics.
Each course could be organized by two experienced teachers for lecture and exercise sessions and a visitor scientist at the postdoctoral level to accompany students in preparation of their individual projects and/or exercises associated with the course. Lectures and discussions during the fourth week will be organized by 4-6 specialists, the teachers of each course and the visitor scientist which was accompanying trainees during precedent three weeks of lectures and exercises. The proposed size of the training program is adequate both to a number of young researchers participating in each course and capacities of host institutions to provide good training conditions.
To strengthen and foster the scientific collaborations in nuclear physics, the network aims at developing a tutelage system for graduate students between the institute of origin and one of the network partners or one of the other associated partners. In Europe joined tutelage agreements at the graduate level have been developed over the last years. The initiative should explore similar possibilities between European and Northern American institutions. As an example, a co-tutelage agreement has recently been developed between the University of California at San Diego and the University of Oslo in the field of Computational Science. The joined tutelage results in PhD degrees awarded from both Universities. The network as such will therefore increase student mobility in Europe and Northern America, in addition to foster new scientific collaborations.
Although this initiative focuses on theoretical methods, it is obvious that experimentalist should be able to attend since many of the theoretical approaches to be taught are essential for a physics analysis of experimental data.
Description of courses
We have singled out five main scientific themes to be covered by the network:
1) Advanced few- and many-body methods
2) Theoretical modeling of nuclear phenomena
3) Nuclear astrophysics
4) Physics of weakly-bound and open quantum systems
5) Advanced high-performance computing topics and numerical algorithms.
The courses are project based and linked up with actual research topics. This means that if the topic is well-defined, the outcome of a course could be a scientific article, if not all students have to hand in a final report which is as close as possible to a scientific report, including thereby proper referencing, handling of scientific ethical results etc.
describe here the content of the main themes, broken down in nine
different and possible courses. These courses can be offered on a biennial
basis both in Europe and Northern America.
The first theme (advanced few- and many-body methods) is covered by
the first four courses described below. The second theme (theoretical
modeling of nuclear phenomena) is covered by the fifth course and the sixth
course. The third theme (nuclear astrophysics) is covered by the
seventh course, and the fourth theme (physics of weakly-bound and open
quantum systems) is covered by course eight. The last theme (advanced
high-performance computing topics and numerical algorithms) is
covered by the ninth course.
By clicking on each course below, a detailed exposition of a projected content
is available. Note well that number of courses and their possibility is only a suggestion. The courses are:
9: High-performance computing and computational tools for nuclear
physics. The first course will take place at the European Center for Theoretical Studies in Nuclear Physics and Related areas (ECT*), Trento, Italy, June 24-July 14 2012. See here for more information .
Course 9: High-performance computing and computational tools for nuclear physics. The first course will take place at the European Center for Theoretical Studies in Nuclear Physics and Related areas (ECT*), Trento, Italy, June 24-July 14 2012. See here for more information .