The world energy market is changing, with many developed countries investing into green energy as well as distributed energy production. This transformation has led to the appearance of the classical energy consuming citizens as a producer of relatively small and sporadic amounts of energy. This role has been named "prosumer", and is creating a wide range of challenges to classical large-scale energy producers and energy network providers.
With a wider proliferation of privately owned solar collectors, windmills, and perhaps other kinds of green generators, it becomes a challenging task to manage the flow of energy that is no longer uni-directional. The Smart Grid is the research world?s answer to these challenges, but research for dealing with the many challenges of Smart Grids that extend to nation scales and beyond has just reached its infancy
The LUCS partnership is bringing together research groups and educational institutions that are committed to educating the next generation of researchers and engineers who will be able to tackle these challenges. Since the research challenges are many, each of the partners has so far only addressed a subset, but all partners are aware that true solutions need a complete view. The LUCS partners are therefore joining forces to achieve a better coverage and combination of strategies, and the projects aims at providing a much more holistic higher education for the future generation than each partner by itself can provide now.
The ICT industry is, quite rightly, criticized for its rapidly rising energy usage, contributions to CO2 emissions and for not taking its responsibility to the environment seriously. The sector causes world-wide CO2 emissions comparable to the airline industry. This increasing energy consumption of the ICT infrastructures has a direct and negative impact on the environment, the service operators, the manufacturers, and the society.
TIDENET is a highly innovative research project within the FRINATEK program. The goal of TIDNET is to create a less power consuming ICT sector. The main objectives of TIDENET are to study the energy-efficiency problem in wireless networks; and the fundamental interaction between wireless networks and the smart grid. Both a theoretical and a practical approach are taken. Theoretical studies are needed in order to develop thorough understanding of how energy is used in communications systems. Such understanding will help find new solutions to increased energy efficiency in these systems. In our practical approach we implement and validated these solutions to understand how energy is saved in real systems. The solutions are not only good for communications networks, the power grid and environment; they also help support sustainable ICT industry.
The objective of the CROWN project is to increase researchersÕ mobility to obtain better understanding of green cooperative cognitive radio for future mobile Internet infrastructure. In particular, the transfer of knowledge, mainly as a result of researcherÕs mobility, will focus on a new vision of green Cooperative CR paradigm, or CCR. This new vision advocates the seamless integration of three important aspects of modern wireless communication systems, i.e., green, cooperativeness and cross-layer. It is the aim of this project to explore a systematic way to bring together these features into a CCR network so as to maximize its effective network throughput (excluding signalling overhead) while staying green. In the meanwhile, the design of the CROWN network architecture will also take into consideration the new trend of services (e.g., increasing more video streaming) and their provisioning mechanisms (such as cloud computing). This staff exchange programme will also help develop new research links and deepen and strengthen the current research links amongst the partners and help build up long-term, world-class research in future wireless Internet technologies. The final goal is to explore a systematic way to integrate greenness, cooperativeness and cross-layer into a Cognitive Cooperative Radio networks so as to maximize its network performance.
The project aims to develop the communication technology based intelligent methods of protection and post fault control for distribution systems with large scale renewable energy generation units and power electronic converters. The developed protection and control methods will minimize the possibility of losing power supply in an abnormal situation by stably operating a local system in an island mode if the power system at a higher level fails, and restoring normal operation as quickly as possible. The project is funded by the EU SMARTGRIDS ERANET program.
The new trend in power systems is developing towards Distributed Generation (DG) due to some technical, economical and environmental reasons. However, the large number of the renewable based Distributed Generation integrated into the power system and the wide application of power electronics present a great number of challenges. In addition, DG based smart power grid requires Machine-to-Machine (M2M) like communication scenarios, which however has not been explored.
It is envisioned that protection and post fault system control methods should be fast, adaptive and intelligent, should be supported by effective and reliable communication system which also need to deal with other issues such as M2M communications between Smart meters, IEDs (Intelligent Electronic Devices), RTUs (Remote Terminal Units), relay, sensor and other devices/terminals at the same time, in addition to the time critical demand of the protection and control methods.
EVANS is an EU FP7 Marie Curie Action "International Research Staff Exchange Scheme" project aiming to increase researchersÕ mobility between four EU partners from three countries (United Kingdom, Spain, Norway) and two Chinese partners to obtain a better understanding of network virtualisation for future Internet infrastructure. In particular, the knowledge transfer, as a result of researcherÕs mobility, will focus on the management aspects of the virtualized network resources rather than the virtualisation techniques of physical network resources. The EVANS project aims to create a network virtualisation environment over a fully heterogeneous network infrastructure and to provide an integrated network management system across different types of network platforms. The project will investigate into two complementary aspects of such an integrated network resource management system: (1) vertical management of virtualised resource for service heterogeneity, which is performed by infrastructure providers, and (2) horizontal management of virtualised resource for network heterogeneity, which is for the interest of service providers.
This staff exchange programme will also help develop new research links and deepen and strengthen the current research links amongst the partners and help build up long-term, world-class research in future Internet technology.
The EVANS project aims to create a network virtualisation environment over a fully heterogeneous network infrastructure and to provide an integrated network management system across different types of network platforms..