Steffen Kallbekken

Born 28.11.1976. Søndre Rød 21B, 0752 Oslo, Norway; Tel: 99 01 10 93 / 22 85 87 58; email: steff


Research interests

My research focuses on climate policy, with a particular focus on climate policy instruments and the global climate regime.


Work experience

2002-               CICERO Center for International Climate and Environmental Research - Oslo

2015- Research Director, Climate economics unit

2014- Director of CICEP

2012-2013 Research Director, Climate Policy Unit

2011 Visiting Fellow, Brookings Institution (3 months)

Since 2006 Senior Research Fellow

2014-               Board member, The Development Fund.

2013-               Board member, Future in our hands research institute

2011-2013       Board member and co-founder of GreeNudge. Interim CEO of GreeNudge (4 months, 2013-2014).

2000-2002       Senior Executive Officer, Norwegian agricultural economics research institute.


Project management and other academic responsibilities

Director “CICEP Strategic Challenges in International Climate and Energy Policy” (2011-2019). Funded by the Norwegian Research Council.

Project manager “The role of short-lived climate forcers in the global climate regime” (2014-2017). Funded by Klimaforsk/The Norwegian Research Council.

Project manager “Building bridges with the like-minded developing countries” (2014). Funded by NOAK/the Nordic Council of Ministers.

Project manager “Equity and spectrum of mitigation commitments in the 2015 agreement” (2013). Funded by the Nordic Council of Ministers.

Project manager “Norwegian Climate Finance” (2013). Funded by the Overseas Development Institute.

Project manager “Reducing food waste in hotels” (2012-2013). Funded by GreeNudge.

Project manager “Facilitating green consumer decisions” (2011). Funded by GreeNudge.

Project manager “Designing feasible and efficient climate policies” (2009-2011). Funded by NORKLIMA/NFR.

Work package manager TEMPO (Transport and Environment – Measures and Policies) task 3 (2009-2013). Funded by RENERGI/NFR.

Course leader for the master level course “The science and politics of climate change - understanding the challenges” (Centre for Development and the Environment, 2008-2011).

Reviewer for Journal of Environmental Economics and Management (JEEM), Climate Policy, Environmental and Resource Economics, Environment and Development Economics, and Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change.

Organizer of the 4th Nordic Conference on Environmental and Experimental Economics (2009).



2004-2008       PhD, Department of Economics, University of Oslo. Thesis title: “Pigouvian tax schemes: feasibility versus efficiency”.

1999-2000       MSc (with Distinction) Environmental Economics and Environmental Management, University of York, 1999-2000. Thesis title: “An alternative Environmental Kuznets Curve approach to deforestation.”

1996-1999       BSc (with First Class Honours) Environmental Science, University of Bradford.

1995-1996      Environmental studies, Telemark College.


Selected publications since 2007

Cherry, Todd, Jorge H Garcia, Steffen Kallbekken and Asbjørn Torvanger, 2014. The development and deployment of low-carbon energy technologies: The role of economic interests and cultural worldviews on public support. Energy Policy 68, 562-566.

Cherry, Todd, Steffen Kallbekken and Stephan Kroll, 2014. The impact of trial runs on the acceptability of environmental taxes: Experimental evidence. Resources and Energy Economics 38, 84-95.

Cherry, Todd L., Steffen Kallbekken and Stephan Kroll, 2012. The Acceptability of Efficiency-enhancing Environmental Taxes, Subsidies and Regulation: An Experimental Investigation. Environmental Science & Policy, 16 (1): pp. 90-96.

Cherry, Todd, Steffen Kallbekken, Stephan Kroll and David McEvoy, 2013. Cooperation in and out of markets: An experimental comparison of public good games and markets with externalities. Economics Letters 120 (1), 93-96.

Heres, David, Steffen Kallbekken and Ibon Galarraga, 2015 (in press). Understanding Public Support for Externality-Correcting Taxes and Subsidies: A Lab Experiment. Environmental and Resource Economics.

Kallbekken, Steffen, 2007. Why the CDM will reduce carbon leakage. Climate Policy, 7 (3): 197-211.

Kallbekken, Steffen, 2011. Virkemidler i norsk klimapolitikk [Policy instruments in Norwegian Climate Policy]. In: Roll-Hansen, N. (ed.), Status i klimaforskningen - Kunnskap og usikkerhet, vitenskapelige og politiske utfordringer, 95-110. The Norwegian Academy of Sciences and Letters, Oslo, Norway.

Kallbekken, Steffen, 2013. Public Acceptability of Incentive-Based Mechanisms. In: Shogren, J. (ed.), Encyclopedia of Energy, Natural Resource, and Environmental Economics, 306-312. Elsevier, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Kallbekken, Steffen, 2014. Observations from the climate negotiations in Durban, South Africa. In: Cherry, Todd, Jon Hovi and David M. McEvoy (eds.), Toward a New Climate Agreement. Conflict, Resolution and Governance. Routledge. 3-15.

Kallbekken, Steffen, Line Sunniva Flottorp and Nathan Rive, 2007. CDM baseline approaches and carbon leakage. Energy Policy, 35 (8): 4154-4163.

Kallbekken, Steffen, Jorge Garcia and Kristine Korneliussen (2013). Determinants of public support for transport taxes. Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, 58: 67-78.

Kallbekken, Steffen and Jon Hovi, 2007. The Price of Non-compliance with the Kyoto Protocol: The Remarkable Case of Norway. International Environmental Agreements, 7 (1): 1-15.

Kallbekken, Steffen, Stephan Kroll and Todd L. Cherry, 2010. Pigouvian tax aversion and inequity aversion in the lab. Economics Bulletin, 30 (3): 1914-1921.

Kallbekken, Steffen, Stephan Kroll and Todd L. Cherry, 2011. Do you not like Pigou, or do you not understand him? Tax aversion and earmarking in the lab. Journal of Environmental Economics and Management. 62 (1), 53-64.

Kallbekken, Steffen and Nathan Rive, 2007. Why delaying emission reductions is a gamble. Climatic Change, 82 (1-2): 27-45.

Kallbekken, Steffen, Nathan Rive, Glen Peters and Jan S. Fuglestvedt, 2009. Curbing emissions: cap and rate. Nature Reports: Climate Change.

Kallbekken, Steffen and Håkon Sælen, 2011. Public accept for environmental taxes: self-interest, environmental and distributional concerns. Energy Policy 39 (5), 2966-2973.

Kallbekken, Steffen and Håkon Sælen, 2013. ‘Nudging’ hotel guests to reduce food waste as a win–win environmental measure. Economics Letters 119 (3), 325-327.

Kallbekken, S., Håkon Sælen and Erlend A. T. Hermansen. 2013. Bridging the Energy Efficiency Gap: A Field Experiment on Lifetime Energy Costs and Household Appliances. Journal of Consumer Policy 36, 1-16.

Kallbekken, Steffen, Hege Westskog and Torben Kenea Mideksa, 2010. Appeals to social norms as policy instruments to address consumption externalities. Journal of Socio-Economics, 39 (4): 447-454.

Kallbekken, Steffen and Marianne Aasen, 2010. The demand for earmarking: results from a focus group study. Ecological Economics, 69 (11): 2183-2190.

Mideksa, Torben Kenea and Steffen Kallbekken, 2010. The impact of climate change on the electricity market: a review. Energy Policy, 38 (7): 3579-3585.

Rive, Nathan, Asbjørn Torvanger, Terje Berntsen and Steffen Kallbekken, 2007. To what extent can a long-term temperature target guide near-term climate change commitments?. Climatic Change, 82 (3-4): 373-391.

Sælen, Håkon and Steffen Kallbekken, 2011. A choice experiment on fuel taxation and earmarking in Norway. Ecological Economics 70 (11), 2181-2190.

Tørnblad, Silje, Steffen Kallbekken, Kristine Korneliussen, Torben K. Mideksa, 2014. Using mobility management to reduce private car use: Results from a natural field experiment in Norway. Transport Policy 32, 9-15.

Underdal, Arild, Jon Hovi, Tora Skodvin and Steffen Kallbekken, 2012. Can conditional commitments break the climate change negotiations deadlock? International Political Science Review 33 (4), 475-493.


Selected reports

Heres, David, Steffen Kallbekken and Ibon Galarraga, 2013. Understanding Public Support for Externality-Correcting Taxes and Subsidies: A Lab Experiment. BC3 Working paper series 2013:4.

Kallbekken, Steffen (ed.), 2002. Delprosjekt FOLA-miljø: Betaling for fellesgoder – Forslag til endringer i miljøvirkemidlene i landbruket. NILF Rapport 2002-2, NILF.

Kallbekken, Steffen, Siri Gloppen, Eystein Jansen, Linda Nøstbakken, Knut H. Sørensen, 2014. Norges klimaansvar 2030 [Norway’s climate responsibility 2030]. Commissioned by the Parliamentary Group of the Socialist Left Party.

Kallbekken, Steffen, Cathrine Hagem, Birgitte Laird, Ragnar Tronstad and Elisabeth Harstad, 2011. Et norsk fond for klimateknologi. Teknologirådet Rapport 1-2011. Teknologirådet.

Kallbekken, Steffen, Cathrine Hagem, Birgitte Laird, Ragnar Tronstad and Elisabeth Harstad, 2011. Et norsk fond for utslippsreduksjoner? Teknologirådet Rapport 2-2011. Teknologirådet.

Kallbekken, Steffen, Håkon Sælen and Arild Underdal, 2014. Equity and spectrum of mitigation commitments in the 2015 agreement. TemaNord. Nordic Council of Ministers. Copenhagen.

Moe, Thorvald and Steffen Kallbekken, 2013. The Norwegian fast start climate finance contribution. Working Paper 2013:02. CICERO, Oslo, Norway.


Selected presentations since 2010

The Impact of Trial Runs on the Acceptability of Pigouvian Taxes, 2010. 5th Nordic Conference on Behavioral and Experimental Economics, Helsinki.

Pigou versus Confucius: The effect of experience on the acceptability of Pigouvian taxes in a lab experiment, 2010. World Congress for Environmental and Resource Economists, Montreal.

Attitudes towards environmental taxes - Insights from behavioural economics, 2010. CRED (Centre for Research on Environmental Decisions), research seminar 25.02.2010, Columbia University.

A Field Experiment on Lifetime Energy Costs and Household Appliances. Nordic Conference in Behavioural and Experimental Economics, Bergen, 2012.

The New Climate Economy, can it be implemented? Research and Innovation as Sources of Renewed Growth: Climate + Growth. Research Council of Norway and the Norwegian Delegation to the EU, Brussels, 2014.

Political dimensions of sharing a quota - Perceived fairness. Recent trends in carbon emissions and sharing a quota of cumulative emissions. Side event at COP 20 Lima, 2014.


For a fully updated publication record, see my homepage on