Science and Scientists

This is a web-version of the instrument used in the SAS-study,
and the formatting is different from the printed version,
This SAS instrument is available in several language translations

Project team:
Jane Mulemwa from Uganda, Jayshree Mehta from India and Svein Sjøberg from Norway

Contact and ©: 
Svein Sjøberg, ILS, University of Oslo,  PO Box 1099 Blindern, 0316 Oslo, NORWAY Tel (+) 47-22 85 41 55, fax (+) 47-22 85 74 63, E‑mail: Svein.Sjoberg@ils.uio.no Home page: http://www.uio.no/~sveinsj/

 

 

A scientist is a person who is curious and tries to find out about new things.
Sometimes they also try to invent and make new things
or find new ways of solving problems
.

 

This booklet contains questions about science and scientists.
The questions are answered by children in many countries.
(That is why some of the questions may seem strange to you!)
The questions have no “right answers”,
but your views may help us to understand how children in different countries think,
and in making science in schools better.

Please answer all questions as well as you can. Start here:

 

I am ..... years,  I come from: ...............................(country) and I am:  a girl /   a boy

 


 

1. Scientists as persons

Here you may express how you think a typical scientist working with physics or engineering is like. Two words are put opposite to each other, like this:

Lazy  1        2        3        4        5        Hard working

If you think the physicist or engineer is a very lazy person, circle number 1 as indicated above. If you think that the physicist is a somewhat hard working person, circle number 4 like this:

Lazy            1        2        3        4        5        Hard working

 

I think the physicist or engineer is:

 

Untidy, sloppy                                   1        2        3        4        5          Tidy, neat, orderly

Intelligent, bright, clever                      1        2        3        4        5          Not intelligent, bright or clever

Lacking ideas and imagination             1        2        3        4        5          Imaginative, Full of ideas

Caring for others                                1        2        3        4        5          Selfish

Lazy                                                 1        2        3        4        5          Hard working

Unsocial, loner                                  1        2        3        4        5          Social, outgoing

Boring person                                    1        2        3        4        5          Interesting and exciting person

Kind, humane                                    1        2        3        4        5          Unkind

Authoritarian, dominating                    1        2        3        4        5          Democratic

Next, do the same as above, but think of a person who works with Biology or medicine

I think the biologist or medical doctor is

Untidy, sloppy                                   1        2        3        4        5          Tidy, neat, orderly

Intelligent, bright, clever                      1        2        3        4        5          Not intelligent, bright or clever

Lacking ideas and imagination             1        2        3        4        5          Imaginative, Full of ideas

Caring for others                                1        2        3        4        5          Selfish

Lazy                                                 1        2        3        4        5          Hard working

Unsocial, loner                                  1        2        3        4        5          Social, outgoing

Boring person                                    1        2        3        4        5          Interesting and exciting person

Kind, gentle, humane                          1        2        3        4        5          Unkind, mean

Authoritarian, dominating                    1        2        3        4        5          Democratic


2. Out of school experiences: What I have done

 On the following list, you will find activities that you may have been involved in at home or at play ‑ when you are not at school.

For each activity, tick in the right place to  indicate your experience. If you do not understand what is meant, leave it blank.

 

 

Have you done this outside school?

Often

(Many times)

Seldom

(Once or twice)

Never

Used needle and thread for sewing

 

 

 

Knitted, or made baskets or mats

 

 

 

Weaved cloth or textiles

 

 

 

Made your own clothes

 

 

 

Used a saw

 

 

 

Used a screw driver

 

 

 

Used hammer and nail

 

 

 

Used rope and pulleys for lifting heavy things

 

 

 

Used hand‑pump for water or other liquids

 

 

 

Climbed a tree

 

 

 

Made toys of wire, wood or other material

 

 

 

Made a kite or toy plane of paper or wood

 

 

 

Played with building kits (like Lego)

 

 

 

Used a radio

 

 

 

Recorded with a tape recorder

 

 

 

Recorded on a video tape recorder

 

 

 

Played video or computer games

 

 

 

Used a calculator

 

 

 

Used a PC (Personal Computer)

 

 

 

Played with light and mirrors

 

 

 

Used a magnifying glass

 

 

 

Used a microscope

 

 

 

Used binoculars

 

 

 

New Page in Original booklet

 

 

 

Used a camera

 

 

 

Developed or processed films

 

 

 

Used a wrist watch

 

 

 

Used a stop watch

 

 

 

Used a measuring tape or stick

 

 

 

Read the scale of a thermometer

 

 

 

Used a kitchen scale or other scale

 

 

 

Read a map or used a compass

 

 

 

Used an air gun or rifle

 

 

 

Made bow and arrows, sling, catapult or boomerang

 

 

 

Preserved food by salting, smoking, drying etc.

 

 

 

Made bread or pastry

 

 

 

Collected edible berries, mushrooms or plants

 

 

 

Made jam or juice from wild berries

 

 

 

Planted and watched seeds grow

 

 

 

Studied the life in a pond

 

 

 

Read about how the body functions

 

 

 

Made compost of grass, leaves or garbage

 

 

 

Made a sieve or filter

 

 

 

Made a funnel of leaves, paper or other material

 

 

 

Put on bandages on wounds or used first‑aid equipment

 

 

 

Watched a bird make its nest

 

 

 

Watched an egg hatching or an animal being born

 

 

 

Watched an animal feeding their babies

 

 

 

Cared for an animal like horse, cow, sheep, goat ...

 

 

 

Milked a cow or a goat

 

 

 

Made yoghurt, butter, cheese or ghee

 

 

 

Made chalk or candles

 

 

 

Had your own pet animal (cat, dog, hamster, rabbit ..)

 

 

 

 NEW PAGE IN ORIGINAL

 

 

 

Chopped wood or collected firewood

 

 

 

Made charcoal from wood

 

 

 

Made a fire using wood or charcoal

 

 

 

Made natural colour dies from plants or stones

 

 

 

Put up a tent or other shelter

 

 

 

Walked while balancing a load on your head

 

 

 

Played with magnets

 

 

 

Played with electric batteries and bulbs or motors

 

 

 

Used electric toys (cars, torches etc.)

 

 

 

Changed a fuse or attached electric lead to plug

 

 

 

Studied the inside of a radio, TV, video or similar 

 

 

 

Ridden a bicycle

 

 

 

Mended a bicycle tube

 

 

 

Used a car jack or changed wheels on a car

 

 

 

Charged a car battery or other battery

 

 

 

Made a cart or wheelbarrow

 

 

 

Observed or studied the Milky Way or the constellations of the stars

 

 

 

Observed or studied the phases of the moon

 

 

 

Observed or studied the rainbow or different types of clouds

 

 

 

Studied fossils

 

 

 

Made anything from clay

 

 

 

Made bricks for building

 

 

 

Made a flute of straw, branches or wood

 

 

 

Collected stones or gems

 

 

 

Thrown stones on water to watch the ripples

 

 

 

Made a windmill or waterwheel

 

 

 

Blown soap bubbles

 

 

 

Participated in brewing beer or making wine

 

 

 


 

 3. Things to learn about

Imagine that you could decide on what to learn more about.  Below is a list of things you would like to learn about or that you enjoyed learning about. Tick the ones that looks interesting to you, leave the others blank

 

Things I like to learn about

 Yes!

The car and how it works

 

The pollution and dangers of traffic

 

Why birds and planes can fly

 

How birds and animals communicate

 

How animals like birds or fish manage to find their way home

 

Plants and animals in my neighbourhood

 

Plants and animals in other parts of the world

 

How the body is built and functions

 

Bacteria, virus and how they cause diseases

 

Vaccination and prevention of diseases

 

AIDS: What it is and how it spreads

 

How plants  grow, and what they need

 

How to heat and cook food the best way

 

What we should eat to be healthy

 

How babies are made and how they grow and mature

 

Detergents, soaps and how they work

 

The evolution of life on earth

 

Dinosaurs and why they died out

 

The origin and evolution of the human being

 

How different plants and animals depend on each other

 

Light and optics

 

How the eye can see

 

What are colours and how do we see different colours?

 

Acoustics and sound

 

How animals and plants use colours to hide, attract or scare

 

New Page in original

Yes!

How the ear can hear

 

Music, instruments and sounds

 

Sounds and music from birds and other animals

 

Earthquakes and volcanoes

 

Lightning and thunder

 

Clouds, rain and snow

 

The rainbow, what it is and why you can see it

 

The weather and we can forecast it

 

How mountains, rivers and oceans change and develop

 

Why the sky is blue and why the stars twinkle

 

The greenhouse effect and how it might be affected by humans

 

The ozone layer, how it protects us from the sun and how it might be affected by humans

 

The moon, the sun and the planets

 

The universe, the star constellations and the galaxies

 

Rockets and space travel

 

The possibility of life outside earth

 

Electricity, how it is produced and used in the home

 

New sources of energy: from the sun, from wind etc.

 

How things like telephone, radio and television work

 

Computers, PCs and what we can do with them

 

Latest developments in technology

 

Sattelites and modern communication

 

How science and technology may help us to get a better life

 

The possible dangers of science and technology

 

What plants we can eat and harvest

 

Food processing, conservation and storage

 

Poisonous plants and mushrooms

 

How to improve the harvest in gardens and farms

 

How to get clean and safe drinking water

 

New Page in original

 Yes!

How we can protect air, water, woods and the environment

 

X‑rays and ultrasound in medicine

 

Test tube babies

 

Birth control and contraceptives

 

How children in other parts of the world live and think

 

Why people in different parts of the world look different and have different colour of the skin

 

How science and technology may help disabled persons (blind, deaf, physically handicapped etc.)

 

How scientists think and work

 

Famous scientists and their lives

 

Important inventions and discoveries

 

How a nuclear power plant functions

 

What an atomic bomb consists of and how they are made

 

How radioactivity affects life and my own body

 

Atoms and molecules

 

Chemicals and their properties

 

 


 

4. Important for future job

If you were free to choose any job or occupation you like, what do you think is important? Below is list of things that may be important to you, and you may indicate wether you consider this aspect to be Very important ,  Of some importance or Not important

Place a tick at the appropriate place for each factor

 

Of importance for future occupation or job

Very

important

Of some

importance

Not

important

Work with people instead of things

 

 

 

Have more time for my own friends

 

 

 

Use my talents or abilities

 

 

 

Earn lots of money

 

 

 

Have an exciting job

 

 

 

Have more time for my family

 

 

 

Make my own decisions

 

 

 

Make and invent new things

 

 

 

Control other people

 

 

 

Become famous

 

 

 

Get a secure job

 

 

 

Have more time for my own interests and hobbies

 

 

 

Help other people

 

 

 

Have an easy and simple job

 

 

 

Developing new knowedge and  skills

 

 

 

 

5. Science in action

When you think of "science", what comes to your mind? Place a tick at the words that you connect with science, leave the others blank. You may tick as many places as you like.

 

Science is ...

 Yes!

Interesting, exciting

 

Boring

 

Creates problems for society

 

Creates pollution

 

Useful for everyday life

 

Doing experiments

 

Most suitable for boys

 

Power

 

Important for society

 

Destructive and dangerous

 

Helping the poor

 

Difficult to understand

 

Easy to understand

 

 


6. Scientists at work

Drawing

This is how I think a scientist at work may look like

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Writing

Write some words about what you think scientists do and what issues they work on

 

 

 

 

 

 

7 WRITING: "Me as a scientist."

Assume that you are grown up and work as a scientist. You are free to work and do research that you think is important and interesting. Write some words about what you would like to do.

 

 

 

 

THANK YOU, YOU HAVE BEEN VERY HELPFUL!!

 

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