Proceedings of IAU Symposium 239, General Assembly XXVI, 21 - 25 August, 2006, Prague

Sven Wedemeyer-Böhm (Kiepenheuer-Institut für Sonnenphysik, Schöneckstrasse 6, 79104 Freiburg, Germany)

Dynamic Models of the Sun from the Convection Zone to the Chromosphere

The chromosphere in internetwork regions of the quiet Sun was regarded as a static and homogeneous layer for a long time. Thanks to advances in observations and numerical modelling, the wave nature of these atmospheric regions received increasing attention during the last decade. Recent three-dimensional radiation magnetohydrodynamic simulations with CO5BOLD feature the chromosphere of internetwork regions as a dynamic and intermittent phenomenon. It is a direct product of interacting waves that form a mesh-like pattern of hot shock fronts and cool post-shock regions. The waves are excited self-consistently at the top of the convection zone. In the middle chromosphere above an average height of 1000 km, plasma beta gets larger than one and magnetic fields become more important. The model chromosphere exhibits a magnetic field that is much more homogeneous than in the layers below and evolves much faster. That includes fast propagating (MHD) waves. Further improvements of the simulations like time-dependent hydrogen ionisation are currently in progress. This class of models is capable of explaining apparently contradicting diagnostics such as carbon monoxide and UV emission at the same time.

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