The Amazon Connection

THE AMAZON CONNECTION

Text © Thomas Gramstad

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons License.

This is a guide to online resources about Amazons. The Amazon Connection aims to cover the entire spectrum of meaning that has been attributed to the term Amazon:

Amazon feminism is dedicated to the image of the female hero in fiction and in fact, as it is expressed in art and literature, in the physiques and feats of female athletes, and in sexual values and practices.

Amazon feminism is concerned about physical equality and is opposed to gender role stereotypes and discrimination against women based on assumptions that women are supposed to be, look or behave as if they are passive, weak and physically helpless.

Amazon feminism rejects the idea that certain characteristics or interests are inherently masculine (or feminine), and upholds and explores a vision of heroic womanhood. Amazon feminism supports and celebrates female strength athletes, martial artists, soldiers/women in combat, firefighters, lumberjacks, astronauts, powerlifters etc.
See also the soc.feminism terminologies file at http://www.cs.uu.nl/wais/html/na-dir/feminism/terms.html

I intend to keep on expanding and maintaining this page as a reliable source for material about ancient, contemporary, and future Amazons, from the real world as well as from mythology, art, literature and fantasy. If you think you know about a URL that ought to be included here, please do tell me: thomas@ifi.uio.no.

I'm the editor of the Amazons International newsletter. Read more about the newsletter, how to subscribe etc. here: http://www.ifi.uio.no/~thomas/lists/amazons.html. The newsletter is archived here: http://www.ifi.uio.no/~thomas/ai/, and at http://www.etext.org/Politics/Amazons.Intl/, and at http://www.TheValkyrie.com/stories/ai/index.htm.

My article, The Female Hero: A Randian-Feminist Synthesis is available here: http://www.ifi.uio.no/~thomas/po/female-hero.html.
(Thomas Gramstad unites Ayn Rand's concept of heroism with modern feminism, arriving at a radical yet ancient vision of the Amazon as the ultimate hero. Includes discussions of postandrogyny and nonpatriarchal sexualities.)

A large scale version of The Amazon Warrior above is here: http://www.ifi.uio.no/~thomas/amazon.html.

Ming Wa Nen in Street Fighter Svein Olav Nyberg's Strong Women page is at http://www.nonserviam.com/women/index.html.

I'm in the process of dividing the Amazon materials into the following sections:

IN THE MEDIA, NEWS & TRENDS
HISTORY, CULTURE & MYTHOLOGY
ART, ESTHETICS, PERSONAL AND CULTURAL VISIONS
PHILOSOPHY, IDEOLOGY, SOCIAL ISSUES
GODDESS SPIRITUALITY & PAGANISM
AMAZON NATIONS
SCIENCE FICTION & FANTASY
FILMS & ACTRESSES
PIPPI LONGSTOCKING
XENA: WARRIOR PRINCESS
WONDER WOMAN
MODESTY BLAISE
COMICS, GENERAL
MARTIAL ARTS
BOXING & WRESTLING
BODYBUILDING & POWERLIFTING
FITNESS AND SPORTS, GENERAL
SCIENCE, COMPUTERS, NRRDGRRLS
SPECIAL INTERESTS
MISCELLANEOUS AND CURRENTLY UNSORTED
MISSING LINKS








IN THE MEDIA, NEWS & TRENDS

This new section is about the current warrior woman trend in media, such as magazine and newspaper articles about the trend.

Venus Williams New breed of female icons offers 'Grrl Power!'
http://www.cnn.com/2001/SHOWBIZ/News/05/08/us.tough.girls.ap/index.html

More Women Embracing Warrior Princess Within
http://chicagotribune.com/news/nationworld/article/0,2669,CTT-28043827,FF.html
(Chicago Tribune, February 4, 2001)

Badass Girls on Film: Is it a good thing when women beat the crap out of men at the movies?
http://www.salon.com/mwt/feature/2001/01/22/women_warriors/print.html
(Salon Magazine, January 22, 2001)

Attack of the Sexy-Tough Women: In movies & TV, sisters are kicking butt for themselves
http://nydailynews.com/2000-10-19/New_York_Now/Movies/a-84799.asp?last6days=1
(New York Daily News, October 19, 2000)

Charlie's Dude: Director McG on why his "Charlie's Angels" is a kung fu "The Breakfast Club" with one part "Grease," some "Singin' in the Rain" and a bit of "Rocky."
http://www.salon.com/ent/col/srag/2000/11/16/mcg/index.html
(Salon Magazine, November 16, 2000)

"Charlie's Angels": Who cares about the fate of privacy, of all things, when you can watch three sexy babes stamp out crime in zip-off suits and high-heeled boots?
http://www.salon.com/ent/movies/review/2000/11/03/charlies/index.html
(Salon Magazine, November 3, 2000)

HISTORICAL/MYTHOLOGICAL SECTION

Gladiatrix
http://www.gladiatrix.info/
(The history of female gladiators in ancient Rome, a beautiful and interesting site.)

On The Trail of the Women Warriors
http://www.womanwarrior.co.uk
(Lyn Webster Wilde is the author of the book with the same title. This is precisely the well-informed, wellrounded approach to Amazons in all their diversity that I'd wish for everyone to encounter!)

Lothene Experimental Archaeology: Women as Warriors in History
http://www.lothene.demon.co.uk/others/women.html

Charlotte Quinn's Amazonia with lots of archaeological, historical and mythological stuff, and images of Amazons from ancient art, sculpture and architecture

Robin Weare's Warrior Goddesses and Amazons page

Amazons - Mysteries of Ancient History and Archaeology

Diotima - Materials for the Study of Women & Gender in the Ancient World

Mythology Project (CLA 212 Classics Course)

Cynthia Morrison, victorious jouster

Amazons in Greek Mythology

Artemis

Artemis Gallery

Hippolyte's belt

Amazons (a selection of historical Amazons)

Ancient Greek Amazon Myths

Gender and Immortality: Heroines in Ancient Greek Myth and Cult

The Amazons (an article in Lesbian life discussing the culture of the historical Amazons of the Antiquity)

Warrior Women of the Eurasian Steppes (an article in Archaelogy about the recently discovered Amazon burial mounds in Pokrovka, Russia)

Were Amazons More Than Myth? Evidence Unearthed (Washington Post article, July 31 1997)

Women Warriors of Japan

Arachne's Real Amazons NetZine

The Labrys as Amazon symbol

Natasha Vita More - Transhuman Body

ART, ESTHETICS, PERSONAL AND CULTURAL VISIONS

Nathalie Gassel - Writer and Athlete

Nathalie Gassel: Writer and Athlete
http://www.nathaliegassel.fr.fm/

The Battle of the Amazons (a classical painting by Rubens)

The Original Valkyries

Natasha Vita More - Transhuman Body

Amazonia Minor

GODDESS SPIRITUALITY & PAGANISM

Xena

Who is Devi?
http://www.asia.si.edu/devi/whoisdevi.htm (Online version of a catalogue for an exhibition of goddess religion in India - concise and beautiful introduction to the goddesses of India)

Devi Durga - poetry for the Indian Goddess of Destruction and Victory
http://www.swordoftruth.com/swordoftruth/multimedia/devidurga/devidurga.html

Shri Durga Devi
http://www.hubcom.com/tantric/durga.htm

The Sisters of the Queer Pagan Punk Order
http://www.vinland.org/scamp/nuns/

SpiritAmazon
http://www.spiritamazon.com/
(A tribe or virtual community inspired by and dedicated to Amazon spirituality and values)

The Goddess Circle

Goddesses of the World

House of The Goddess Center for Pagan Wombyn (ARB/HoTGCPW)

WombynSpace Calendar of Events

RCG-I Women's Thealogical Institute Cella Priestess Training Program

GlitteringPhoenix (GP) AnarchaFeminism OnLine

Artemis ReBorn (a Dedicated Circle of The Re-Formed Congregation of the Goddess - International)

Dianic Area Co-Ordinators for the Goddess 2000 Project

Ani DiFranco

PHILOSOPHY, IDEOLOGY, SOCIAL ISSUES

The Myth of the "Feminine Nature" (European Mixed Group Against Sexism)

Elizabeth Arveda Kissling: Skating on Thin Ice: Why Tonya Harding Could Never Be America's Ice Princess (A very perceptive article about the real meaning, in terms of gender and femininity, of the Tonya Harding-Nancy Kerrigan scandal. Don't miss this!)

The Millennium Kick Ass Women's Movement

Feminista (The Online Journal of Feminist Construction)

Matriarch's Way Journal
http://www.artemiscreations.com/mwjournal/
(A journal exploring female rule past, present and future)

Woman Worship
http://www.womanworship.co.uk/
(A site dedicated to the worship and adoration of woman. Within these pages you will find fact and fiction, literature and imagery all respectfully committed to this theme.)

Cyborg Feminism (Donna Haraway's fusion of Woman, Machine and Animal)

Justice is a Woman With a Sword

Kikizine
http://www.houseoffun.com/action/kikizine
(A personal zine by Sarah Dyer, many interesting articles about feminist empowerment; the zine's name of course refers to the movie Kiki's delivery service - see under films below.)

Book cover by Clyde
Caldwell

AMAZON NATIONS

This section links to Amazon communities and subcultures.

Amazon Worlds
http://www.AmazonWorlds.com/
(the place Amazons call home)

SCIENCE FICTION & FANTASY

This section is mostly about literature and painting; for films, TV-series, famous actresses and characters, see other sections.

Feminist Science Fiction & Fantasy http://www.feministsf.org/

The Lightbearer (Donna Gillespie's novel)

The Darkover Site (Marion Zimmer Bradley)

Marion Zimmer Bradley's Fantasy Magazine

Cynthia Gonsalves' Shrine to the Warrior Goddess (Science Fiction books featuring Amazon warriors)

Read the Rhush -- Becky J. Rhush
http://www.freewebs.com/rhush/index.htm

Amazon Heroic Fantasy (A critical overview by Jessica Amanda Salmonson)

The Works of Jessica Amanda Salmonson

Larry Elmore # 1, 2 , 3

Clyde Caldwell # 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6

Amazons (Art by Michael Whelan, book cover for Amazons anthology)

FILMS & ACTRESSES

The Hayao Miyazaki web
http://www.nausicaa.net/
(Kiki's Delivery Service, Nausicaa and Mononoke Hime -- these three movies, all with female heroes as the main characters, and all created by the genious of Hayao Miyazaki, all three of them easily make my top ten movies list.)

Babes With Blades
http://www.babeswithblades.org
(An all-female stage combat troupe, attempting to do for the stage what Xena and Buffy have done for film and TV.)

Hannibal - forum for strong women on the screen, and against censorship

Angela Bassett pictures from Strange Days: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6

Review of Strange Days (This is one of very few reviews that gives Angela Bassett the credit she deserves for creating one of the most memorable female heroes ever seen on a screen.)

Angela Bassett filmography and biography

Jennifer Sky as Amarice

An unofficial Angela Bassett home page (At last the well-deserved tributes are coming.)

Celebsite's Angela Bassett page

Terminator 2, Linda Hamilton

An unofficial Linda Hamilton page

Gina Torres as Nebula

Vasquez (Jenette Goldstein) in Aliens

Ming-Na Wen home page

Geena Davis, The Long Kiss Goodnight

More Geena Davis: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5

G.I. Jane (Don't miss this movie!)

More G.I. Jane (a more or less official site)

Dina Meyer in Starship Troopers: 1, 2, 3, 4

PIPPI LONGSTOCKING

Perhaps the ultimate Amazon.

Pippi Longstocking

The Pippi mailing list
http://www.egroups.com/group/pippi/

Pippi kicks ass
http://www.blairmag.com/blair3/pippi/pippi.html

Pippi Moves into Villa Villekulla (excerpt)
http://www.interlog.com/~wings/jane/a_lindgren/pippi.html
(Translation by Florence Lamborn)

More Pippi excerpts
http://www.brunching.com/features/pippi.html

Astrid Lindgren's World
http://www.alv.se/
(This site is mostly in Swedish, but also some English pages)

A theatre production of Pippi
http://homepages.dstream.net/qct/pippi.html

Girlpower og børneanarki (Grrl Power and child anarchy)
http://www.scope.dk/film/pippi/anmeldelser.html
(Danish review of the first Pippi movie)

Is Pippi Antichrist?
http://members.aol.com/rtvdave/pippi.html
(David Nagel about "the red-haired harbinger of the Apocalypse")

XENA: WARRIOR PRINCESS

Battle on, Xena!

Xena


MCAs official Xena-site:
http://www.mca.com/tv/xena/

Xena Online Resources (XOR) at Xenite.org:
http://www.xenite.org/xor/home.shtml

Xena FAQ:
http://www.whoosh.org/faq/

The alt.tv.xena (ATX) newsgroup FAQ:
http://freespace.virgin.net/p.hilling/atx-faq.htm

Articles and lots of info:
http://www.xenafan.com/articles/

Whoosh! magazine
(insightful articles of an academic nature about all aspects of Xena: Warrior Princess, published by the International Association for Xena Studies. Highly recommended.)
http://www.whoosh.org/

The Xena Info Center (XIC):
http://www.artemista.com/

The Official Xena: Warrior Princess Fan Club:
http://www.creationent.com/

Tom's Xenafan site:
http://www.xenafan.com/

Karen Sheperd as Hera's Water Enforcer Carol's Xena site:
http://www.klio.net/XENA/

Xena's Warrior Ensemble
http://www.crosswinds.net/~amphipolis/ensemble/ensemble.htm

The Xena + Hong Kong Connection:
http://www.sister13.com/

Xena & paganism, and the Theology of Xena
http://www.witchvox.com/media/xena.html

Xena and Gabrielle's Little Adventures:
http://xenite.simplenet.com/xandg/index.html

The Xena webring
http://home.san.rr.com/xenasubtextcomic/xenawebring/

WarriorHaze
http://www.warriorhaze.com/index.html

Midnight Xenites
http://rivendell.fortunecity.com/sword/333/

Ebonie Smith as M'Lila Wrestle With Me Xena
http://www.bank-b-gone.com/xena.html

The Essential Lao Ma
http://www.crosswinds.net/~amphipolis/laoma/l The Hudson Leick (Callisto) site:
The
http://www.hudsonleickfan.com/

Callisto's Fun Page
http://www.electricferret.com/callisto/

Xena UK's Tribute to Xena: Warrior Princess
http://www.xantiadivine.co.uk

Amphipolis - The Xena Fan Club of Greece
http://www.crosswinds.net/~amphipolis/

Xenadu - The Norwegian Xena Fan Club
http://www.ifi.uio.no/~thomas/lister/xena.html

WONDER WOMAN

Wonder Woman The Wonder Woman Webring

Wonder Woman Art Gallery

Themyscira (Even more Wonder Woman!)

Wonder Woman Fan Club

MODESTY BLAISE

The Modesty Blaise homepage

COMICS, GENERAL

(Famous characters like Xena, Modesty Blaise and Wonder Woman have their own separate sections, see above or below.)

Action Girl
http://www.houseoffun.com/action/
(A terrific funny and feminist comic by Sarah Dyer)

Femforce
http://www.accomics.com/

Galaxies of Wonder Comics - Bad Girls
http://members.aol.com/GalxyWondr/comics/bad.html

Good Girl Art Quarterly
http://members.aol.com/GAReprints/ggaq.htm
(Out of Print Series; reprints of classic heroine series)

Jungle Girls
http://members.aol.com/GAReprints/jungleg.htm
(Classic Golden Age Comics)

MARTIAL ARTS

Dogs Don't Know Kung Fu
http://www.newbreedbooks.co.uk/
(Jamie O'Keefe's web site about martial arts and self-defense for women; includes books, articles, seminar schedules and more)

Women in the Martial Arts

Cynthia Rothrock pages: 1, 2

BOXING & WRESTLING

The Femboxer web page (Women's Boxing on the Web)

Wonder Woman

Women's Boxing Bibliography

Women's Boxing Page

Sharon "Superbody" Steele
http://www.amazonwrestling.com/

BODYBUILDING & POWERLIFTING

The Mighty Kat:
http://www.mightykat.net/
- natural athlete of unnatural strength

Female-bodybuilders.org
http://www.female-bodybuilders.org/
Biographies and picture galleries of female bodybuilders.

Cyberpump's Strong Women Q & A (Cheryl Zovich)

The Female Bodybuilder Gallery

From Abject to Object: Women's Bodybuilding - Marcia Ian's PostModern Culture article about gender and muscles.

The Bodybuilding Grotesque: Krista Scott-Dixon on The Female Bodybuilder, Gender Trangression, and Designations of Deviance

Women's Powerlifting Pages

Ann Marie Crooks 1

The Femuscle mailing list, aka Women's Bodybuilding Forum, a forum founded by Pete J Suters and Thomas Gramstad, now residing at majordomo@cybermuscle.com)

The Faces of Femuscle

Kathy Meyers' web site

Nicole Bass' web site

By Clyde Caldwell

Images of Muscular Women (Article by Doug Aoki on the cultural meaning of female bodybuilders)

Women on Steroids (Article by John Romano)

Compromising Positions: The Portrayal of Women in Bodybuilding Magazines (Article by Sidney Eve Matrix)

Athletic vs. Pornographic Eroticism: How Muscle Magazines Compromize Female Athletes and Delegitimize the Sport of Bodybuilding in the Public Eye (article by Leslie Heywood in Mesomorphosis Interactive, June 1998, Vol. 1, No. 1)

The Valkyries (These are the people who invented the phrase "A Hard Woman is Good to Find". Check out what they mean by that!)

Athletic Resume of Cynthia Morrison

Signa York - The Iron Princess
http://www.signayork.com/

Saka's Shrine
http://hometown.aol.com/sakagoddess/myhomepage/profile.html

FITNESS AND SPORTS, GENERAL

This section deals with sports in general, excluding those sports which have their own sections.

http://www.athleticwomen.com/
Celebrating the beauty and accomplishments of the athletic woman

Human Kinetics

Melpomene Institute (specializes in research related to how exercise and sport participation effects the well-being of girls and women)

Karen Andes, the Fitness Fairy web site

Women's Sports Network

The WISHPERD (Women in Sport, Health, Physical Education, Recreation and Dance) mailing list

Girljock magazine

The Amazon Portfolio
http://www.amazonportfolio.com/

Ming Wa Nen in Street Fighter Women & Competition (from Sportsjones)

Go, girl! magazine (for strong bodies and strong minds)

Women's Sport Foundation

SCIENCE, COMPUTERS, NRRDGRRLS

Geekgirl about Mermaids

Bonobo Sex and Society (Scientific American article about how the behavior and characteristics of our most closely related primate species challenges assumptions about male supremacy in human evolution).

SPECIAL INTERESTS

This section is about activities and lifestyles that probably involve various amounts of sexual energy, even though the content of these web sites are rarely explicitly sexual in nature. The reason I include these web sites (and the criterion for being included) is that I want representations of women which are respectful and which unite female strength and power on the one hand, and sensuality and attractiveness on the other. Many female athletes, or powerfully built women, or other women who excel in some untypical or traditionally masculine activity, experience that their female identity, their sexuality and/or their attractiveness is being questioned. Therefore I think it is valuable to give concrete examples of women who unite these traits, and to demonstrate that there are many men who not only accept, but prefer and even adore the very traits that these women have had questioned by the culture at large.

Wrestling Fun
http://www.geocities.com/Colosseum/Sideline/7161/

Mika Toughy's web site
http://www.mikatoughy.com/mika/homepage.htm

The Combative Woman Site

Awefilms (A film and video production company featuring massive female bodybuilders, sexy fitness models and female martial artists in action adventure, sci-fi and fantasy.)

Alannah Myles Builtmore Productions

Liftnet

Power Squeeze

Competitive Enterprises

Arm wrestling page

Sonia Fernandez

Amazon Queen Rayne
http://www.amazonqueenrayne.com/

Flexible Productions (The World of Beautiful Muscular Women)

Th-Resa Bostick

Iron Belles of Atlanta

Gabrielle, the Vegas Amazon

Mile High Mikayla's web site
http://www.geocities.com/milehighmikayla/FAQ.html
(The 6'3" powerhouse Mikayla)

MISCELLANEOUS OR CURRENTLY UNSORTED

(Site under reorganization)

Mary McKee's Body Communication

Mariah Burton Nelson's web site

Raising Our Athletic Daughters: How Sports Can Build Self-Esteem and Save Girls' Lives (Sportsjones Review)

Anya Poulsen's Chicks Rock page (Women in Rock)

Joan Jett's web site
http://www.joanjett.com/

Gloria Brame's WWW pages

Renee O'Connor as Gabrielle The Amazons Arena

Zarka (a role playing character of Lise Hamre's)

Renaissance Woman

Cowgirls galore

Kesi's Heroine Comic Pages

Warrior Goddess Island

Rathbun's Musclewomen fantasy page

Amazons and Witches (Art by Boris Vallejo)

Femmes in Charge

Diana the Valkyrie

Gynarchy International

Octobriana (a British cult comic)

Amazonian ICQ'ers

The Revived Amazon Nation

Heartless Bitches International

The Art of Cheryl Stewart

The Bobbie Phillips fan page

The Fitness Babes and Muscle Women page

The Women of Marvel Comics page

Castle of Sand

Modesty Blaise

FAKK Pictures Collection (Heavy Metal-type fantasy art)

The Catwoman fan page

The Minerva Center (Women & The Military, discussion threads)

The Scarlet Witch fan page

Firestar (Daniel Thomas' web site)

Dawn's Amazon Community

Ms. Zrinka (6'6")

MISSING LINKS

This section is for dead links - web pages that have been moved or removed. I keep them in this section so that I can look for them now and then, and/or so that YOU can help me out if you know where they have gone...

Do you want your name on the Amazon Connection? If you find a dead link anywhere on this page, and you find its new location and tell me about it, I'll thank you on this page.

Last update: August 28 2006

Back to the Amazons International info page