Publications, Tore Schweder


Schweder, T. 1969. Forskernes ansavar og deres makt. Nordisk Forum, 4: 56-9.


Schweder, T. 1970.Composable Markov Processes. Journal of Applied Probability, 7: 400-10.


Schweder, T. 1971. The precision of Population Projections studied by Multiple Predictor Methods. Demography, 8: 441-50.


Schweder, T. 1974. Transformation of point processes: Application to Animal Sighting and Catch Problems, with special Emphasis on Whales. Ph.D. thesis in statistics, University of California, Berkeley, 183 pp.


Schweder, T. 1975. Window estimation of the asymptotic variance of rank estimators of location. Scandinavian Journal of Statistics, 2: 113-26.


Schweder, T. 1976. Some "optimal" methods to detect structural shift or outliers in regression. Journal of the American Statistical Association. 71: 491-501.


Schweder, T. 1977.Point process models for line transect experiments. In Recent developments in statistics, (Barra, J. R. , Van Cutsem, B. , Broadeau, F. , and Romier, G., editors). North Holland. Pages 221- 42.


Schweder, T. 1979. A statistical analysis of the mating behaviour of Euchaeta norvegica (Copepoda: Calanoida). Scandinavian Journal of Statistics, 6: 71-6.


Schweder, T. 1979. Pattern of spermafore distribution in Euchaeta Norvegica; a further analysis. Journal of the Marine Biological association of United Kingdom, 59: 369-71.


Schweder, T. 1980. Scandinavian statistics, some early lines of development. Scandinavian Journal of Statistics, 7:113-29.


Schweder, T. 1981. Correction to "Window estimation of the asymptotic variance of rank estimators of location". Scandinavian Journal of Statistics, 8: 55.


Schweder, T. 1981.A comment on Professor Jøreskog's lecture, Mariehamn May 1980. Scandinavian Journal of Statistics, 8: 88-9.


Schweder, T. 1981. A simple test for a set of sums of squares. Journal of Royal Statistical Society, series C; Applied Statistics, 30: 16-21.


Schweder, T. and Spjøtvoll, E. 1982. P-value plots to evaluate many tests simultaneously. Biometrika, 69: 493-502.


Schweder, T. 1982. On the dispersion of mixtures. Scandinavian Journal of Statistics, 9: 165-9.


Schweder, T. 1984. Investigating group specific clustering in univariate spatial data with many small groups. Biometrics, 40: 767-76.


Eide, T.J. and Schweder, T. 1984. Clustering of adenomas in the large intestine. Gut, 25: 1262-7.


Schweder, T. 1984. En herre-tjener modell for tverrvitenskapelig arbeid. AMS-Varia (Arkeologisk museum i Stavanger), 14: 21-31.


Hopkins, C.C.E., Tande, K.S., Grønvik, S., Sargent, J.R. and Schweder, T. 1985. Ecological investigations of the zooplankton community of Balsfjord, Northern Norway: Growth, and quantification of condition, in relation to overwintering and food supply in Merida longa, Caleanus finmarchicus, Thysanoessa inerims and Thysanoessa raschi, In Marine Biology of Polar Regions and Effects on Stress on Marine Organisms, (Editors: Gray, J.S. and Christiansen, M.E.). Wiley, pp 83-101.


Schweder, T. 1986. Kan sosialstatistikeren skille årsak fra virkning? Tidsskrift for samfunnsforskning, 27: 357-69.


Schweder, T. 1986. Statistikkfaget i Norge, det gamle og det nye faget. In Statistisk sett, Jubileumsskrift Norsk Statistisk Forening (Lindqvist, B. and Lillestøl, J. editors). Pages 25-44.


Schweder, T. 1988. A significance version of the basic Neyman-Pearson theory of scientific hypothesis testing. (With discussion.) Scandinavian Journal of Statististics, 15: 225-42.


Helskog, K. and Schweder, T. 1989. Estimating the number of contemporaneous houses from 14C dates. Antiquity, 63: 166-72.


Schweder, T. 1989. Complex life history modelling, some methodological issues. Scandinavian Population Studies, 9: 369-418.


Schweder, T. 1990. Independent Observer Experiments to Estimate the Detection Function in Line Transect Surveys of Whales. Rep. Int. Whal. Commn, 40: 349-55.


Schweder, T. Øien, N. and Høst, G. 1991. Estimates of the detection probability for shipboard surveys of Northeastern Atlantic minke whales, based on parallel ship experiments. Rep. Int. Whal. Commn, 41: 417-32.


Schweder, T., Ulltang, Ø. and Volden, R. 1991. A review of the Norwegian catch and effort in the Northeastern Atlantic minke whaling from 1952 to 1983. Rep. Int. Whal. Commn, 41: 401-15.


Schweder, T. and Høst, G.1991. A note on the choice of speed for shipboard surveys of North Atlantic minke whales. Rep. Int. Whal. Commn, 41: 393-5.


Schweder, T., Øien, N. and Høst, G. 1991. A note on the bias in capture-recapture type estimates of g(0) due to the fact that whales are diving. Rep. Int. Whal. Commn, 41: 397-9.


Schweder, T., Øien, N. and Høst, G. 1992. Estimates of g(0) for northeastern Atlantic minke whales based on independent observer experiments in 1989 and 1990, found by the hazard probability method. Rep. Int. Whal. Commn, 42: 399-405.


Schweder, T. and Øien, N. 1992. Estimates of bias and variability in visual distance measurements made by observers during shipboard surveys of northeastern Atlantic minke whales. Rep. Int. Whal. Commn, 42: 407-12.


Schweder, T. and Høst, G. 1992. Integrating experimental data and survey data to estimate g(0), a first approach. Rep. Int. Whal. Commn, 42, pp 575-582.


Rafterey, A. And Schweder, T. 1993. Inference about the ratio of two parameters, with application to whale censusing. The American Statistician, 47, 1993, pp 259-264.


Aldrin, M., Bølviken, E. and Schweder, T. 1993. Projection pursuit regression for moderate non-linearities. Computational Statistics and Data Analysis, 16, pp 379-403.


Schweder, T. 1993. Discussion of Raftery, A.E and Zeh, J.E.: "Estimation of bowhead whales, Balaena mysticetus, population size". In Gastonis, C. Hodges, J.S., Kass, R.E. and Singpurwalla, N.D. (eds): Bayesian statistics in science and technology: case studies. Lecture Notes in Statistics 83, pp.225-232. Springer-Verlag.


Schweder, T., Øien, N. and Høst, G. 1993. Estimates of abundance of northeastern Atlantic minke whales in 1989. Rep. Int. Whal. Commn, 43, pp.323-331.


Schweder, T. 1993. Hvordan telles vågehval. In Vågehvalen - valgets kval (Nils Chr. Stenseth, Alf H. Hoel and Ingunn B. Lid, eds), Ad Notam Gyldendal, pp 53-63.


Schweder, T. 1993. Bestandsutvikling for vågehval i Barentshavet. In Vågehvalen - valgets kval (Nils Chr. Stenseth, Alf H. Hoel and Ingunn B. Lid, eds), Ad Notam Gyldendal, pp 65-73.


Schweder, T. 1993. Regulering av hvalfangst - vitenskap og politikk. In Vågehvalen - valgets kval (Nils Chr. Stenseth, Alf H. Hoel and Ingunn B. Lid, eds), Ad Notam Gyldendal, pp 291-309.


Schweder, T. and Volden, R. 1994. Relative abundance series for minke whales in the Barents Sea, 1952 to 1983. Rep. Int. Whal. Commn, 44,  pp.323-332.


Schweder, T. 1994. Minnetale over Erling Sverdrup. Årbok 1994 Det Norske Videnskaps-Akademis Årbok. Side 242-248.


Hagen, G.S. and Schweder, T. 1995. Point clustering of minke whales in the northeastern Atlantic. In Whales, Seals, Fish and Man (A. Schytte Blix, L. Walløe and Ø. Ulltang, eds). Amsterdam: Elsevier, pp 27-33.


Schweder, T. 1995. Discussion of Raftery, A.E., Givens, G.H. and Zeh, J.E. Inference from a Deterministic Population Dynamics Model for Bowhead Whales. Journal of the American Statistical Association, 90, pp 420-423.


Schweder, T. and Hagen, G.S. 1995. Effective search width in shipboard surveys of minke whales in northeastern Atlantic: concepts and methods. In Whales, Seals, Fish and Man (A. Schytte Blix, L. Walløe and Ø. Ulltang, eds). Amsterdam: Elsevier, pp 13-26.


Schweder, T., Hagen, G.S., Helgeland, J. and Koppervik, I. 1996. Abundance estimation of northeastern Atlantic minke whales. Rep. int. Whal. Commn, 46, 391-405.


Schweder, T. 1996. A note on a buoy-sighting experiment in the North Sea in 1990. Rep. int. Whal. Commn, 46, 383-385.


Schweder, T. 1996. Resightings in shipborne surveys of northeastern Atlantic minke whales: cue counts and cue positions. Rep. int. Whal. Commn, 46, 387-390.


Schweder, T. and Hjort, N.L. 1996. Bayesian synthesis or likelihood synthesis - what does the Borel paradox say?, 46, 475-479.


Schweder, T. 1996. Rattsø-utvalgets regresjoner. Sosialøkonomen, nr 4: 15-18.


Schweder, T. 1996. Statistisk analyse som undersøkelse eller illustrasjon: Rattsø-utvalget og spredtbygdhet. Tidsskrift for samfunnsforskning, 37: 265-270.


Aasland, O.G., Olff, M., Falkum, E., Ursin H. and Schweder, T. 1997. Health complaints and job stress in Norwegian physicians: The use of an overlapping questionnaire design. Soc. Sci. Med. Vol. 45, No. 11, pp1615-1629.


Schweder, T., Skaug H.J., Dimakos X.K., Langaas M. and Øien N. 1997. Abundance of northeastern Atlantic minke whales, estimates for 1989 and 1995. Rep. int. Whal. Commn, 47, 453-483.


Schweder, T. 1997. Measurement error models for the Norwegian minke whale survey in 1995.  Rep. int. Whal. Commn, 47, 485-488.


Schweder, T. 1997. On the tracking performance in the Noregian minke whale survey in 1995. Rep. int. Whal. Commn, 47, 489-492.


Hagen, G.S., Hatlebakk, E. And Schweder, T. 1998. Scenario Barents Sea. A tool for evaluating fisheries management regimes. In Models for multi-species management. (Tor Rødseth, ed.). Physica-Verlag, pp 173-226.


Quinn, T.J., Anderson, W., Getz, W., Hilborn, R., Jones, C., Maguire, J-J., Parma, A. Schweder, T. And Stefansson, G. Review of Northeast fishery stock assessment. National Academy Press, Washington DC. 1998. 128 pages.


Schweder, T, Hagen, G.S. and Hatlebakk, E. 1998. On the effect on cod and herring fisheries of retuning the Revised Management Procedure for Minke whaling in the Greater Barents Sea. Fisheries Research 37:77-95


Schweder, T. 1998. Fisherian or Bayesian methods of integrating diverse statistical information? Fisheries Research 37:61-75.


Flaaten, O., Salvanes, A.G.V., Schweder, T. and Ulltang, Ø. 1998. Fisheries management under uncertainty – an overview. Fisheries Research 37:1-6


Schweder, T. 1999. Line transecting with difficulties; lessons from surveying minke whales. In Garner, G.W., S.C. Amstrup, J.L. Laake, B.F.J. Manly, L.L. McDonald, and D.G. Robertson (Eds).  Marine Mammal Survey and Assessment Methods.  A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam. (pp 149-166).


Schweder, T., Skaug, H.J., Langaas, M. and Dimakos. X.K. 1999. Simulated likelihood methods for complex double platform line transect surveys. Biometrics. 55: 678-687.


Skaug, H.J. and Schweder, T. 1999. Hazard models for line transect surveys with independent observers. Biometrics 55: 29-36.


Schweder, T.  and Hagen, G.S. 1999. A note on the cost of instability in whale management. J. Cetacean Res. Manage. 1(2):137-140.


Schweder, T., Hagen, G.S. and Hatlebakk, E. 2000. Direct and indirect effects of minke whale abundance on cod and herring fisheries: A scenario experiment for the Greater Barents Sea. In: Vikingsson, G.A. and Kappel, F.O. (Eds) Minke whales, harp and hooded seals: major predators in the North Atlantic ecosystem. NAMMCO scientific publication. 2: 121-132. Tromsø


Schweder, T. 2000. Distortion of Uncertainty in Science: Antarctic Fin whales in the 1950s. Journal of International Wildlife Law and Policy. 3: 73-92.


Schweder, T. 2001. Protecting whales by distorting uncertainty: non-precautionary mismanagement? Fisheries Research. 52: 217-225           


Aasland, O.G., Ekeberg, Ø. and Schweder, T. 2001. Suicide rates from 1960 to 1989 in Norwegian physicians compared with other educational groups. Social Science and Medicine 52: 259-265


Schweder, T. 2001. Statistical Methods, History of: Post-1900. International Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences: 15031-15037. Elsevier.


Schweder, T. 2002. Forkludring av vitenskapelig usikkerhet – erfaringer fra Hvalfangstkommisjonen. Cicerone 1/2002, pp 13-15.


Schweder, T. and Hjort, N.L. 2002. Confidence and likelihood. Scandinavian Journal of Statistics. 29: 309-332.


Schweder, T. 2002. Large Structured Models in Applied Sciences; Challenges for Statistics. Scandinavian Journal of Statistics. 29: 189-191.


Høst, G., Berg, E., Schweder, T. and Tjelmeland, S. 2002. Uncertainty in age-specific abundance estimates of Norwegian spring-spawning herring from a winter survey in Vestfjorden 1996 by using a gamma/Dirichlet model. ICES J. mar sci. 59: 737-748.


Schweder, T. 2003. Minnetale over professor Olav Reiersøl. Årbok 2001 for Det Norske Videnskaps-Akademi. Side 205-209.


Schweder, T. 2003. Abundance estimation from photo-identification data: confidence distributions and reduced likelihood for bowhead whales off Alaska. Biometrics. 59: 976-985.


Schweder, T. 2003. Integrative fish stock assessment by frequentist methods: confidence distributions and likelihoods for bowhead whales. Scientia Marina. 67 (Suppl. 1): 89-97


Aldrin, M., Holden, M. and Schweder, T. 2003. Comment on Cowling's "Spatial Methods for Line Transect Surveys". Biometrics. 59: 186-188.

The electronic version of the article is published in Biometrics: complete citation information for the final version of the paper, as published in the print edition of Biometrics, is available on the Blackwell Synergy online delivery service, accessible via the journal's website at or


Schweder, T. 2003. Statistikkens historie i Norge – faktisk uten statistikere? Tidsskrift for samfunnsforskning. 44: 309-318


Schweder, T and Hjort, N.L 2003. Frequentist analogues of priors and posteriors. In B.P. Stigum, Econometrics and the philosophy of economics. Princeton University Press: 285-317.


Schweder, T. 2003. Sjangerbrudd eller vitenskapelig uredelighet i Lomborgsaken? Økonomisk Forum. 8 nr. 3: 1-4.


Schweder, T. 2003. Discussion in Kardaun, O.J.W.F, Salomé, D., Schaafsma, W., Steerneman, A.G.M., Willems, J.C. and Cox, D.R. Reflections on Fourteen Cryptic Issues Concerning the Nature of Statistical Inference.

   International Statistical Review. 71, 2, 277-318.


Skaug, H.J., Øien, N., Schweder, T. and Bøthun, G. 2004. Abundance of minke whales (Balaenoptera acutorostata) in the Northeast Atlantic: variability in time and space. Can.J.Fish.Aquat.Sci.  61: 870-886


Waagepetersen, R. and Schweder, T. 2006. Likelihood-based inference for clustered line transect data. Journal of Agricultural, Biological, and Environmental Statistics. 11:264-279


Schweder, T. 2006. The Scenario Barents Sea study: a case of minimal realistic modelling to compare management strategies for marine ecosystems. In: Top Predators in Marine Ecosystems. Their Role in Monitoring and Management.. Cambridge, UK.: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-84773-5. pp. 310-323


Jorde, P.E., Schweder, T., Bickham, J.W., Givens, G.H., Suydam, R. Hunter, D. and Stenseth, N.C. 2007. Detecting genetic structure in migrating bowhead whales off the coast of Barrow, Alaska. Molecular Ecology ; 16:1993-2004


Schweder, T. 2007. Confidence nets for curves. In: Advances in statistical modeling and inference. Essays in honor of Kjell A. Doksum. World Scientific ISBN 10-981-270-369-1. pp. 593-609.


Aldrin, M., Bang-Huseby, R. and Schweder, T. 2008. A note on tuning the Catch Limit Algorithm for commercial baleen whaling. J. Cetacean Res. Manage. 10(3):191-194.


Sadykova, D. And Schweder, T. 2010. Migration ranks for bowhead whales (Balaena mysticetus) at Barrow in spring. J. Cetacean Res. Manage. 11(1):17:21


Schweder, T.,  Sadykova, D., Rugh, D., Koski, W.  2010. Population estimates from aerial photographic surveys of naturally and variably marked bowhead whales. Journal of Agricultural Biological and Environmental Statistics. 15: 1-19


Liow, L.H., Skaug, H.J., Ergon, T., Schweder, T. 2010. Global occurrence trajectories of microfossils: environmental volatility and the rise and fall of individual species. Paleobiology, 36: 224–252


Reitan,T., Schweder, T., Henderiks, J. 2012. Phenotypic evolution studied by layered stochastic differential equations. The Annals of Applied Statistics, 6: 1531-1551


Koyano,H., Serbezov, D., Kishino, H., Schweder, T. 2013. Fractional parentage analysis and a scale-free reproductive network of brown trout. Journal of Theoretical Biology. 336: 18–35


DeBlasio, F.V.,  Liow L.H., Schweder T., Freiesleben DeBlasio, B. 2015. A model for global diversity in response to temperature change over geological time scales, with reference to planktic organisms. Journal of Theoretical Biology. 365: 445-456