Professor, Department of Chemistry
, University of Oslo
Member of Centre for Materials Science and Nanotechnology
Central in the
top-tier research group
Together with Assoc.
Professor Reidar Haugsrud, I run a research group at the Department of
Group for Solid-State
The research group for solid-state
electrochemistry works within defects and defect-related properties in
materials at high temperatures. This comprises defect chemistry and its
thermodynamics, diffusion and mobility of defects, conductivity and
permeability. A specialty is protons in oxides, and we are currently
interested also in neutral hydrogen species and hydride ions in oxidic
environments. We study and develop proton conductors, oxygen ion conductors,
electronic conductors, and mixed conductors for high temperature fuel cells and
electrolysers, sensors, and dense, inorganic gas separation membranes. We also
engage in studies of fundamental processes involved in the degradation of such
materials. The group has started to approach the emerging field of nano-ionics,
taking tools and concepts from nano-technology into use to understand and
develop the properties of nano-dimensional structures; surfaces,
electrodes, interfaces (phase, grain, and domain boundaries), nano-cages,
and nano-particles. We combine experimental studies with DFT-based and
other theoretical modelling. Current focus comprises solid-state
photoelectrochemistry, thermoelectric oxides, nitrogen defects, surface
kinetics, grain boundary transport properties,
professor, 1 assoc. professor, 6 post-docs/researchers,
2 techn./adm. staff,
1 visiting scientist
15 PhD candidates + 6 PhD candidates co-supervised with external
1 trainee/exchange student
See papers in press at the right hand side of this page, plus the
publications page (last two years
plus full list)
Laboratory for electrical
and electrochemical characterisation, diffusion, kinetics, and thermogravimetry
at high temperatures in controlled atmospheres. Instrumentation includes PLD, FEG-ESEM, XPS/UPS, SPM,
quadropole mass spectrometers, impedance spectrometers, screen-printer.
instrumentation is available for UiO users and external users. See
terms and prices.
Projects currently funded from RCN,
RCN Renergi THERMEL
RCN Renergi KINOXPRO (Man. Haugsrud)
RCN FRINAT NITROX (Man. Haugsrud)
EU 7FWP Energy-NMP EFFIPRO
RCN Renergi SPECHY
RCN Nanomat nanoPCFC; Nanostructures for proton conducting fuel cells (Coord.
RCN Renergi STACKPRO; Stack technology for ceramic proton conducting
RCN N-INNER "D-INNER"; novel and improved proton conductors (Coord.
See updates on the bottom right hand side of this page, plus on the
dedicated page for positions/vacancies
Administrative, editorial, and other engagements
Solid State Ionics (Editor)
and Nanotechnology (MENA) Bachelor and
Master Programmes (Member of programme council)
The Research Council of Norway (RCN)
The Hydrogen Platform (member of Strategic Council)
SINTEF (Consultant + Representative of
SINTEF's advisory council)
NorECs Norwegian Electro Ceramics AS
(Chairman of executive board)
(member of executive board)
Academy and Society
The Norwegian Academy
of Science and Letters, Class of Natural Sciences, Division of Chemistry
of Sciences and Letters
Ceramic Society, The Electrochemical Society, The Norwegian Chemical
The following are courses and other teaching I am
currently engaged in
KJM-MENA 4010; Experimental methods. Module: Electrical measurements
For students: University degrees in materials science
and chemistry at
Materialer, energi og
Materials, energy and
2-year Master of Science (MSc) degree including a 1-year research project, in
the MENA or KJM programmes.
Materialer, energi og nanoteknologi (MENA)
Materials, energy and nanotechnology (MENA)
MSc i Kjemi
MSc in Chemistry
Master studies in our group 2010?
Suggestions for MSc projects 2010
MENA and KJM bachelor degrees give access to MSc studies in our group. Also
foreign BSc degrees or similar education may give access.
Possibilities mainly depend on funding of various projects. For scholarships, see
positions & vacancies.
Student carrieer & jobs. Karriere og jobber
Where do our students work? Hvor og med hva arbeider studentene våre
list from Department of Chemistry.
Examples of job ads:
Mobile: +47-99257611 FERMIO admin:
University of Oslo, FERMIO, Gaustadalleen 21, NO-0349 Oslo, Norway
University of Oslo, FERMIO, Gaustadalleen 21, NO-0349 Oslo, Norway
- Electronic mail
General Information (no
job or internship applications please):
Protia AS won DnB NOR's Innovation Prize national
article in Teknisk
version 0.500 is available: Bug fix over
0.400 for calculations involving He.
Wednesday Oct. 27 10.15-12.00 Meeting
room 10, Forskningsparken: Novel PEMFC electrode developments, F-
doping of perovskites, cation diffusion in La2NiO4....
Publications in press
J. M. Polfus, T. Norby, R. Haugsrud, “Nitrogen
defects from NH3 in rare-earth sesquioxides and ZrO2”,
S. Erdal, C. Kjølseth, T. Norby, “Concentration and mobility of
electrons in ZnO from electrical conductivity and thermoelectric power
in H2 + H2O at high temperatures”, J. Phys.
Chem. C, (2010) doi: 10.1021/jp1063534.
Li, R. Haugsrud, T. Norby, “Oxygen
bulk diffusion and surface exchange in Sr-substituted La2NiO4+δ“,
Solid State Ionics,
Kjølseth, Lin-Yung Wang, R. Haugsrud, T. Norby, “Isothermal
simultaneous TG-DSC of the enthalpy of hydration of oxygen vacancies in
Y-doped BaZrO3 and BaCeO3”, Solid State
Nalini, K. Amezawa, Wen Xing, T. Norby, “High temperature proton
conductivity of ZrP2O7”, J. Electrochem.
Soc., 157  (2010) B1491-98.
Nalini, R. Haugsrud, T. Norby, “Defects and transport properties of
Sr-doped LaP3O9”, Solid State Ionics,
181 (2010) 1264-69.
Fjeld, K. Toyoura, R. Haugsrud, T. Norby,
“Proton mobility through a second order phase transition: theoretical
and experimental study of LaNbO4”,
Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys.,
12  (2010)
Erdal, C. Kongshaug, T. S. Bjørheim, N. Jalarvo, R. Haugsrud, T. Norby,
of Rutile TiO2; Thermodynamics and Effects on n- and p-type
J. Phys. Chem. C, 114  (2010) 9139–9145.
Bak, T. Norby, J. Nowotny, M.K. Nowotny, N. Sucher, “Titanium Dioxide
Photocatalyst - Unresolved Problems” in “Solid State Chemistry and
Photocatalysis of Titanium Dioxide”, (J. Nowotny, M.K. Nowotny, eds.),
Trans Tech Publ. Inc., Zurich, ISBN 3-908451-82-5, Solid State
Phenomena, 162 (2010) 77-90.
Sunding, D.M. Kepaptsoglou, S. Diplas, T. Norby, A.E. Gunnæs,
“XPS Characterisation of the Interface between Anode and Electrolyte in
a Proton Conducting Solid Oxide Fuel Cell”, Surface and Interface
[6-7] (2010) 568-571.
Jiang, T. Norby, H. Middleton, “Evaluation
of Metastable Pitting by Charge Integration of Current Transients”,
 (2010) 3158-61.
Magrasó, H. Xuriguera, M. Varela, M.F. Sunding, R. Strandbakke, R.
Haugsrud, T. Norby,
fabrication of Ca-doped LaNbO4
proton conducting fuel cells by pulsed laser
J. Am. Ceram. Soc.,
 (2010) 1874–1878.
Magrasó, R. Haugsrud, T. Norby, “Preparation and characterization of
Ni-LaNbO4 cermet anode supports for proton conducting fuel
cell applications”, J. Am. Ceram. Soc.,
 (2010) 2650–55.
T. S. Bjørheim, S. Stølen, T. Norby, “Ab initio studies of hydrogen
and acceptor defects in rutile TiO2”, Phys. Chem.
Chem. Phys., 12 (2010) 6817-25.
Tsai, T. Norby, T.T. Tan, R. Donelson, Z.D. Chen, S. Li, “Correlation
of oxygen vacancy concentration and thermoelectric properties in Na0.73CoO2‑δ”,
Appl. Phys. Lett., 96 (2010) 141905-10.
Norby “A Kröger-Vink-compatible notation for defects in inherently
Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society,
47  (2010) 19-25.
Published articles and full list
defended her PhD thesis October 28.
Ingrid H. Nygård, Jie Sylvester Pan, and Shiyang Cheng start
as MENA M.Sc. students this autumn.
Liv-Elisif Q. Kalland and Einar Vøllestad start as
Ph.D. students this autumn.
Andreas Sjaastad is KJM2020 project student in our
group this autumn.
Harald Fjeld started as researcher in the Thermel project as of July 1.
Open positions and
Positions in Group for Solid-State Electrochemistry (Norby/Haugsrud
Positions within SMN and FERMiO and other collaborating groups:
- None listed here right now
Other relevant positions within chemistry and materials science:
- None listed here right now.
For instructions and explanations
regarding positions and applications, see also the dedicated page.
NorECs; Home of the
ProboStatTM and the ProGasMix (Figure).
Harald's guide to
the KBr wetting stage is available
Click to see the
list of responsibilities for personnel in our group