UNIVERSITY OSLO

The Centre for
Earth Evolution and Dynamics
 
Adriano
Mazzini
 
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Floating University


Class@Baikal



HOTMUD PROJECT

HOTMUD

adrianom@geo.uio.no



ADRIANO MAZZINI

NEWS 2020


July 2020. New article investigating the neotectonics of the Sea of Galilee. Using a set of multiscale geophysical, geochemical and seismological data, we designed a neotectonic map highlighting major seismogenic faults in a key region at the boundary between the Africa/Sinai and Arabian plates.
Gasperini, L., Lazar, M., Mazzini, A., Lupi, M., Haddad, A., Hensen, C., Schmidt, M., Caracausi, A., Ligi, M., and Polonia, A., 2020, Neotectonics of the Sea of Galilee (northeast Israel): implication for geodynamics and seismicity along the Dead Sea Fault system: Scientific Reports, v. 10, no. 1, p. 11932. https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-020-67930-6


June
2020. New article investigating the levitation of mud while flowing under martian atmospheric conditions. Results reveal that the mud exposed over warm Mars surfaces starts boiling. The gas released during this process erodes the substrate resulting in mud levitation during its flow. This phenomena generate so far unknown patterns that may help to internet the origin of many features discovered over the Mars Surface.
Brož, P., Krıza, O., Conway, S. J., Mueller, N. T., Hauber, E., Mazzini, A., Raack, J., Balme, M. R., Sylvest, M. E., and Patel, M. R., 2020, Mud flow levitation on Mars: Insights from laboratory simulations: Earth and Planetary Science Letters, v. 545, p. 116406. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.epsl.2020.116406

May 2020.
New article investigating mud flow simulations under martian atmospheric conditions. Results reveal that mud flows like lava propagating in a similar way to some lava flows on Hawaii or Iceland forming the so-called pahoehoe flows. More info here.         VIDEO!
Brož, P., Krıza, O., Wilson, L., Conway, S. J., Hauber, E., Mazzini, A., Raack, J., Balme, M. R., Sylvest, M. E., and Patel, M. R., 2020, Experimental evidence for lava-like mud flows under Martian surface conditions: Nature Geoscience. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41561-020-0577-2

 
May 2020.
Co-organizer of the DEEP course on: "Solid Earth – Fluid Earth Interactions  (GEO-DEEP9400)
." This intensive course addresses topics like material recycling across the geospheres and how mantle dynamics, volcanism, plate tectonics influences long-term, global environmental and climatic changes.

May 2020.
EGU General Assembly 2020, Vienna, Austria.
Chairman of the session:
"Extreme environments, mud volcanoes and hydrothermal systems on Earth and planetary analogues: biology, stratigraphy, structure, evolution and monitoring of active and fossil settings"  (BG5.3/GMPV6/SSP1). Presentation of data on 7 abstracts.

March 2020. New article investigating the tectonics of the Gydratny fault system in Lake Baikal. The genesis of the various phases of this system are explored using the acquired geophysical profiles. This study provides insights to understand why this laterally extensive structure hosts many of the gas-bearing features present in Lake Baikal.
Solovyeva, M. A., Akhmanov, G. G., Mazzini, A., Khabuev, A. V., and Khlystov, O. M., 2020, The Gydratny Fault zone of Lake Baikal: Limnology Freshwater Biology, v. 1, p. 368-373
.
https://doi.org/10.31951/2658-3518-2020-A-1-368

February 2020.
New article investigating the ongoing reactions below the largest active mud eruption on Earth – Lusi - located in north-east Java (Indonesia). Results reveal that hydrocarbon generation is occurring ~4.5 km below Lusi and that this is largely driven by the recent magmatism (read more).

Zaputlyaeva, A., Mazzini, A., Blumenberg, M., Scheeder, G., Kürschner, W. M., Kus, J., Jones, M. T., and Frieling, J., 2020, Recent magmatism drives hydrocarbon generation in north-east Java, Indonesia: Scientific Reports, v. 10, no. 1, p. 1786. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-58567-6




NEWS 2019


December 2019-January 2020:
Expedition in Antarctica. The Seneca project "SourcE and impact of greeNhousE gasses in  in the Dry Valleys of Antarctica". Completed geochemical and geochemical surveys in the Taylor Valley. See more in:
https://www.facebook.com/pg/seneca.pnra35ima/posts/


August 2019.
New article describing the finding of large-scale concentric structures in the Egyptian Western Desert. The results of a multidisciplinary study are consistent with a scenario envisaging a diffused and vigorous hydrothermal venting in this part of the Desert.
Mazzini, A., Lupi, M., Sciarra, A., Hammed, M., Schmidt, S. T., and Suessenberger, A., 2019, Concentric Structures and Hydrothermal Venting in the Western Desert, Egypt: Frontiers in Earth Science, v. 7, no. 266.
https://doi.org/10.3389/feart.2019.00266


September 2019:
Summer school in Azerbaijan on "Mud volcanism and petroleum systems" including with seminars and field excursions and exercises visiting mud volcanoes and petroleum systems outcrops.


August 2019. New article documenting the presence of gas in the bottoms sediments of the Sea of Galilee analyzing a set of geophysical data acquired during the last 30 years.  This study reveals that in some areas of the lake exist changes over time in the spatial extent of gas present in the sediments. Hypotheses and mechanisms are explored to explain the periodic release of gas in the water column:

Lazar, M., Gasperini, L., Polonia, A., Lupi, M., and Mazzini, A., 2019, Constraints on gas release from shallow lake sediments—a case study from the Sea of Galilee: Geo-Marine Letters. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00367-019-00588-w


July 2019. New article reveals that hydrocarbon reservoirs in NE Java, Indonesia, are connected through a system of faults to the neighbouring Arjuno-Welirang volcanic complex. Zaputlyaeva, A., Mazzini, A., Caracausi, A., and Sciarra, A., Mantle-Derived Fluids in the East Java Sedimentary Basin, Indonesia: Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, https://doi.org/10.1029/2018JB017274.


June-July 2019. TTR-BL-19 cruise in Lake Baikal focusing on seafloor sampling and acoustic investigations of gas seeps, flares, mud volcanoes, slumps and debris flows, canyons and channels in the coastal proximity (see more here).


April 2019:
EGU General Assembly 2019, Vienna, Austria.
Chairman of the session: From hydrothermal systems to mud volcanoes: structure, evolution and monitoring of active and fossile piercements  (GMPV3.4/BG4.6). Presentation of data on 10 abstracts.


April 2019:
New
review article on "Sediment-hosted geothermal systems" (SHGS). The manuscript is of particular relevance because provides the definition and the parameters used to distinguish the Sediment-hosted geothermal systems. These hybird systems are often (wrongly) confused with either hydrothermal or sedimentary features. Based on statistical analyses, this review provides a global mapping of potential SHGS prone areas. The extended activity of SHGS is considered  as one of the potential driver for the climate crises occurring on our planet:
Procesi, M., Ciotoli, G., Mazzini, A. and Etiope, G., 2019. Sediment-hosted geothermal systems: Review and first global mapping. Earth-Science Reviews, 192: 529-544. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.earscirev.2019.03.020

March 2019: New article review on Marine Transform Faults and Fracture Zones:
Hensen, C., Duarte, J. C., Vannucchi, P., Mazzini, A., Lever, M. A., Terrinha, P., Géli, L., Henry, P., Villinger, H., Morgan, J., Schmidt, M., Gutscher, M.-A., Bartolome, R., Tomonaga, Y., Polonia, A., Gràcia, E., Tinivella, U., Lupi, M., Çağatay, M. N., Elvert, M., Sakellariou, D., Matias, L., Kipfer, R., Karageorgis, A. P., Ruffine, L., Liebetrau, V., Pierre, C., Schmidt, C., Batista, L., Gasperini, L., Burwicz, E., Neres, M., and Nuzzo, M., 2019, Marine Transform Faults and Fracture Zones: A Joint Perspective Integrating Seismicity, Fluid Flow and Life: Frontiers in Earth Science, v. 7, no. 39. https://doi.org/10.3389/feart.2019.00039

January 2019:
New article describing the discovery of a new mud volcano field in Lake Baikal as well as a new mechanism to trigger shallow rooted sedimentary volcanism:

Khlystov, O. M., Poort, J., Mazzini, A., Akhmanov, G.G., Minami, H., Hachikubo, A., Khabuev, A.V., Kazakov, A.V., De Batist, M., Naudts, L., Chensky, A.G., Vorobeva, S.S., 2019, Shallow-rooted mud volcanism in Lake Baikal: Marine and Petroleum Geology, v. 102, p. 580-589. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpetgeo.2019.01.005



Hensen, C., Duarte, J. C., Vannucchi, P., Mazzini, A., Lever, M. A., Terrinha, P., Géli, L., Henry, P., Villinger, H., Morgan, J., Schmidt, M., Gutscher, M.-A., Bartolome, R., Tomonaga, Y., Polonia, A., Gràcia, E., Tinivella, U., Lupi, M., Çağatay, M. N., Elvert, M., Sakellariou, D., Matias, L., Kipfer, R., Karageorgis, A. P., Ruffine, L., Liebetrau, V., Pierre, C., Schmidt, C., Batista, L., Gasperini, L., Burwicz, E., Neres, M., and Nuzzo, M., 2019, Marine Transform Faults and Fracture Zones: A Joint Perspective Integrating Seismicity, Fluid Flow and Life: Frontiers in Earth Science, v. 7, no. 39. https://doi.org/10.3389/feart.2019.00039