The Reflexive Pronouns

 

There are two types of reflexive pronouns (възвратни местоимения):

Both types have long forms and short forms.

The reflexive personal pronouns have forms only for accusative and dative cases. They have no forms for nominative, as their function is to refer the direct or the indirect object back to the subject of the sentence, i.e. they are never used in the role of subject of the sentence.

The reflexive possessive pronouns qualify objects and adverbial modifiers but never the subject of the sentence. The forms for the feminine, the neuter and the plural join the definite article following the same rules as the adjectives or the ordinary possessive pronouns. The long form for the masculine gender cannot join the long form of the definite article as it never modifies the subject. The forms of the reflexive possessive pronouns mean that the "possessor" and the subject of the sentence are the same. The short forms of the reflexive possessive pronouns are the same as the short dative forms of the reflexive personal pronouns.

Here are the forms:

Reflexive Personal Pronouns
Accusative Dative
long form short form long form short form
себе си се (на) себе си си
Reflexive Possessive Pronouns
masculine feminine neuter plural short form
свой своя свое свои си


Here are some examples how you use the reflexive pronouns:

Елица оглежда себе си в огледалото.=
=Елица
се оглежда в огледалото.
(Elitza is looking at herself in the mirror.)

Иван
купува
за себе си книга, а за Елица - цветя.=
= Иван
си купува книга, а за Елица - цветя.
(Ivan buys for himself a book and for Elitza - flowers.)

Мила е приятелка на Елица.
Мила говори с нейната сестра. = Мила говори със сестра й. (сестрата на Елица)

(Mila is Elitza's friend. Mila is talking with her sister. (the sister of Elitza))


Мила е приятелка на Елица.
Мила говори със
своята сестра. = Мила говори със сестра си. (сестрата на Мила)
(Mila is Elitza's friend. Mila is talking to her own sister. (the sister of Mila))

Децата
обичат
своите родители.=
= Децата обичат родителите
си.
(The children love their own parents.)

Децата уважават родителите на Ани и Петър.

Децата уважават техните родители.=

= Децата уважават родителите им. (родителите на Ани и Петър)

(The children respect the parents of Annie and Peter. The children respect their parents. (the parents of Annie and Peter))


 

 

 

 


Katina Bontcheva. Elementary On-Line Bulgarian Grammar. 1999